Saurashtra, aka: Saurāṣṭra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saurashtra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saurāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Saurastra or Saurashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Saurashtra in Rasashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is a Sanskrit term for an alloy corresponding to “a kind of amalgam of zinc or copper, bell-metal, brass”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana

Saurashtra in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1a) Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—(c) the dvijas of, became vrātyas, after Puramjaya's time;1 attacked Paraśurāma and were defeated;2 ruled by a degraded caste.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 38; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 39. 11.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 68.

1b) The country of the.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Saurashtra in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Saurashtra in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Saurāṣṭra, which is also called Ānarta, is the modern Peninsula of Kathiawar and some portion of northernmost Gujarat. Soḍḍhala has referred to Prabhāsa Kṣetra, the modem Somanātha or Prabhāsa Pāṭṭana on the coast of Kathiawara, where the demon Māyābala and Dambholi who are in search of Udayasundarī meet together. Both have arrived here to offer worship to Somanātha for the fulfilment of their desired object.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Śauṇḍinī, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Śauṇḍinī is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the southern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Pāṇḍaravāsinī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Saurāṣṭra is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Saurāṣṭra is to be contemplated as situated in the thighs. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Saurāṣṭra is the name of a village mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā stone inscription of Aparāditya II”. Saurāṣṭra is the same as modern Kāṭhiāwāḍ.

This stone inscription (mentioning Saurāṣṭra) was apparently found in the Ṭhāṇā District. It records that Lakṣmaṇanāyaka, son of Bhāskaranāyaka, the Mahāmātya of Aparāditya, made gifts to the god Somanātha in Saurāṣṭra. It is dated in the Śaka year 1107, Sunday, the 15th tithi of the bright fortnight of Caitra, the cyclic year being Viśvāvasu.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saurashtra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—a. (-ṣṭrā or -ṣṭrī f.) Coming from or relating to the district called Surāṣṭra (or Surat).

-ṣṭraḥ The district of Surāṣṭra. -m. pl. The people of Surāṣṭra.

-ṣṭram Brass, bell-metal.

-ṣṭrī A kind of fragrant earth.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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