Saurashtra, Saurāṣṭra: 14 definitions



Saurashtra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saurāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Saurastra or Saurashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is a Sanskrit term for an alloy corresponding to “a kind of amalgam of zinc or copper, bell-metal, brass”.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saurashtra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—(c) the dvijas of, became vrātyas, after Puramjaya's time;1 attacked Paraśurāma and were defeated;2 ruled by a degraded caste.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 38; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 39. 11.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 68.

1b) The country of the.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Saurashtra in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Saurāṣṭra, which is also called Ānarta, is the modern Peninsula of Kathiawar and some portion of northernmost Gujarat. Soḍḍhala has referred to Prabhāsa Kṣetra, the modem Somanātha or Prabhāsa Pāṭṭana on the coast of Kathiawara, where the demon Māyābala and Dambholi who are in search of Udayasundarī meet together. Both have arrived here to offer worship to Somanātha for the fulfilment of their desired object.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Saurashtra in Hinduism glossary
Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Saurāṣṭra] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Śauṇḍinī, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Śauṇḍinī is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the southern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Pāṇḍaravāsinī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Saurāṣṭra is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Saurāṣṭra is to be contemplated as situated in the thighs. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र) is one of the two Upamelāpaka (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Pātālavāsinī (‘a woman living underground’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Vākcakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Saurāṣṭra) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.

Saurāṣṭra has the presiding Ḍākinī named Śauṇḍinī whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Hayagrīva. The associated internal location are the ‘thighs’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is the ‘blood’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Lampāka, Saurāṣṭra, Oḍra and Kāmarūpa are associated with the family deity of Mohanī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Vajraḍāka standing in the center of the districts named Pretapurī (Pretādhivāsinī), Gṛhadevatā, Saurāṣṭra and Suvarṇadvīpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Saurāṣṭra is the name of a village mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā stone inscription of Aparāditya II”. Saurāṣṭra is the same as modern Kāṭhiāwāḍ.

This stone inscription (mentioning Saurāṣṭra) was apparently found in the Ṭhāṇā District. It records that Lakṣmaṇanāyaka, son of Bhāskaranāyaka, the Mahāmātya of Aparāditya, made gifts to the god Somanātha in Saurāṣṭra. It is dated in the Śaka year 1107, Sunday, the 15th tithi of the bright fortnight of Caitra, the cyclic year being Viśvāvasu.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saurashtra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—a. (-ṣṭrā or -ṣṭrī f.) Coming from or relating to the district called Surāṣṭra (or Surat).

-ṣṭraḥ The district of Surāṣṭra. -m. pl. The people of Surāṣṭra.

-ṣṭram Brass, bell-metal.

-ṣṭrī A kind of fragrant earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—m.

(-ṣṭraḥ) Surat. f. (-ṣṭrī) A fragrant sort of earth. n.

(-ṣṭraṃ) Bell metal. f. (-ṣṭrā or -ṣṭrī) Relating to the district of Surashtra. E. su good or much, rāṣṭra dominion, aff.; or surāṣṭra the same, aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र).—[adjective] coming from Surāṣṭra; [masculine] [plural] the inhabitants of Surāṣṭra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र):—mf(ā, or ī)n. ([from] surāṣṭra) belonging to or coming from the country of Surāt, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) m. the resin of Boswellia Thurifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) m. [plural] the inhabitants of Surāt, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) f(ā or ī). a sort of fragrant earth found in S°, [Suśruta; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) n. a kind of amalgam of zinc or copper, bell-metal, brass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र):—(ṣṭraḥ) 1. m. Surat. f. (ī) Fragrant earth. n. Bell-metal.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saurāṣṭra (सौराष्ट्र):—

1) adj. von Surāṣṭra kommend u. s. w.: Perlen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 81, 4.] —

2) m. pl. a) die Bewohner von Surāṣṭra [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 93 (56).] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 68. 9, 19. 16, 17. 31.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 328.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 2, 3, 16.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 58, 32.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 1, 36.] [Daśakumāracarita 158, 3.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 75. fg.] deśa [Kathāsaritsāgara 47,106.] [KṢITĪŚ. 41,2.] [Oxforder Handschriften 352,b,14.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1242.] maṇḍala [1245] (so zu lesen). [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 125.] nagara [Oxforder Handschriften 16,b,8.] viṣayeṣu mukheṣu [258,b,6.] madhyadeśaḥ sasaurāṣṭraḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 120,76. -] [TĀRAN. 62. 163. 265.] [Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,26. 339,b,15. 340,a,12.] — b) das Harz der Boswellia thurifera [Rājanirghaṇṭa 1, 120.] —

3) f. ī alaunhaltiger Thon [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1055.] [Ratnamālā 291.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 64.] [Suśruta 2, 114, 14. 544, 17.] —

4) n. a) Messing [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.] — b) ein best. Metrum [Colebrooke 2, 156 (III, 37).]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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