Surashreshtha, Suraśreṣṭha: 4 definitions



Surashreshtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Suraśreṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Surasrestha or Surashreshtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Surashreshtha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Suraśreṣṭhā (सुरश्रेष्ठा) is another name for Brāhmī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.63-66 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Suraśreṣṭhā and Brāhmī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra identifies Brāhmī with 1) Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban. while Bāpālāl and Th. B.S. et al identify it with 2) Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Surashreshtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suraśreṣṭha (सुरश्रेष्ठ).—[masculine] the best of the gods (Indra, Viṣṇu, Śiva etc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suraśreṣṭha (सुरश्रेष्ठ):—[=sura-śreṣṭha] [from sura > sur] m. ‘best of the g°’, Name of Viṣṇu, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] of Indra, [ib.; Brahma-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of Dharma, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of Gaṇeśa, [Pañcarātra]

6) Suraśreṣṭhā (सुरश्रेष्ठा):—[=sura-śreṣṭhā] [from sura-śreṣṭha > sura > sur] f. a [particular] plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Suraśreṣṭha (सुरश्रेष्ठ):—

1) m. der Beste unter den Göttern, Beiw. Viṣṇu’s [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 45, 25. Śiva’s 24. Indra's 46, 15.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 50, 11.] Dharma's [Harivaṃśa 11526.] Gaṇeśa’s [PAÑCAR. 1, 7, 85. fg.] —

2) f. ā eine best. Pflanze, = brāhmī [Rājanirghaṇṭa 5, 61.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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