Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti)

by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words

The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...

Part 3 - On patriarchs

Q. 89. Bhante! In this land of Bharata, in this isle named Jambūdvīpa, in this descension phase of the time-cycle, how many have been the patriarchs?

A. 89. Gautama! Seven. And as to the mothers of the Tīrthaṅkaras, their fathers, first female followers, mothers of the Cakravartis, their consorts, Baladevas, Vāsudevas, mothers of Vāsudevas, their fathers, adversaries of Vāsudevas,—their names are to be read in order as given in the Samavāyāṅga Sūtra21.

Bhante! So they are. Glory be to the great Lord! So saying, Bhagavān Gautama paid his homage and obeisance to the Lord, and having paid his homage and obeisance, he withdrew to his seat.

Chapter Five ends.

Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):

21. the following details have been given in the Samavāyāṅga Sūtra:

Kulakaras (7)—Vimalabāhana, Cakṣuṣmāna, Yaśasvāna, Abhicandra, Prasenajita, Marudeva and Nābhi. Their consorts were: Candrayaśā, Candrakāntā, Surūpā, Pratirūpā, Cakṣuṣkāntā, Śrīkāntā and Marudevī.

Tīrthaṅkaras (24)—Ṛṣabha, Ajitanātha, Sambhava, Abhinandana, Sumatinātha, Padmaprabha, Supārśvanātha, Candraprabha, Subidhinātha (also called Puṣpadanta), Śītalanātha, Śreyāṃsanātha, Vāsupūjya, Vimalanātha, Anantanātha, Dharmanātha, Śāntinātha, Kunthunātha, Aranātha, Mallinātha, Muni-Suvrata, Naminātha, Ariṣṭanemi (also called Neminātha), Parśvanātha and Mahāvīra.

Fathers of TīrthaṅkarasNābhī, Jitaśatru, Jitāri, Saṃvara, Megha, Dhara, Pratiṣṭha, Mahāsena, Sugrīva, Dṛḍharatha, Viṣṇu, Vasupūjya, Kṛtavarmā, Siṃhasena, Bhānu, Viśvasena, Sūra, Sudarśana, Kuṃbha, Sumitra, Vijaya, Samudravijaya, Aśvasena and Siddhārtha.

Mothers of TīrthaṅkarasMarudevi [Marudevī], Vijayādevī, Senā, Siddhārthā, Maṅgalā, Susīmā, Pṛthvī, Lakṣmaṇā (Lakṣaṇā), Rāmā, Nandā, Viṣṇu, Jayā, Śyāmā, Suyaśā, Suvratā, Acirā, Śrī, Devī, Prabhāvatī, Padmā, Vaprā, Śīvā [Śivā?], Vāmā and Triśalā.

First female disciples of TīrthaṅkarasBrāhmī, Phalgu (Phālgunī), Śyāmā, Ajitā, Kāśyapī, Rati, Somā, Sumanā, Vāruṇī Sulaśā (Suyaśā), Dhāriṇī, Dharaṇī, Dharaṇīdharā (Dharā), Padmā, Śivā, Śruti (Suvā), Dāminī (Ṛjukā), Rakśikā (Rakśitā), Bandhumatī, Puṣpavatī, Anilā (Amilā), Yakṣadattā (Adhikā), Puṣpacūlā and Candanā (Candanabālā).

Cakravartis (12)—Bharata, Sagara, Maghavān, Sanatkumāra, Śāntinātha, Kunthunātha, Aranātha, Śubhūma, Mahāpadma, Hariṣeṇa, Jaya, Brahmadatta.

Mothers of CakravartisSumaṅgalā, Yaśasvatī, Bhadrā, Sadevī, Acirā, Śrī, Devī, Tārā, Jvālā, Merā Vaprā, and Cullaṇī.

Consorts of CakravartisSubhadrā, Bhadrā, Sunandā, Jayā, Vijayā, Kṛṣṇaśrī, Sūryaśrī, Padmaśrī, Vasundharā, Devī, Lakṣmīmatī and Kurumatī.

Valadevas (9)—Acala, Vijaya, Bhadra, Suprabha, Sudarśana, Ānanda, Nandana, Padma and Rāma.

Vāsudevas (9)—Tṛpṛṣṭha, Dvipṛṣṭha, Svayaṃbhū, Puruṣottama, Puruṣasiṃha, Puruṣa Puṇḍarika, Datta, Nārāyaṇa and Kṛṣṇa.

Fathers of VāsudevasPrajāpati, Brahma, Soma, Rudra, Śiva, Mahāśiva, Agniśikha, Daśaratha and Vasudeva.

Mothers of VāsudevasMṛgāvatī, Umā, Pṛthvī, Sītā, Ambikā, Lakṣmīmatī, Śeṣavatī, Kekayī and Devakī.

Enemies of Vāsudevas (called Prati-Vāsudevas)—Aśvagrīva. Tāraka, Meraka, Madhukaiṭabha, Niśumbha, Balī, Prabharāja (Prahlada), Rāvaṇa and Jarāsandha.

The Samavāyāṅga contains further the names of Tīrthaṅkaras, etc., of the past avasarpiṇī and utsarpiṇī and of the future avasarpiṇī and utsarpiṇī.

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