Channa, aka: Channā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Channa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhanna.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Channa (चन्न) : A royal servant and head charioteer of Prince Siddhartha, who was to become the Buddha.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Channa - A Wanderer, classed among those who wore clothes (paticchannaparibbajaka). He is only mentioned once, in the Anguttara Nikaya (A.iii.215), where we are told that he visited Ananda at Savatthi and asked him questions about the Buddhas teaching (see Channa Sutta below). Both the Sutta and the Commentary (AA.i.432) add that he was pleased with Anandas explanation, and admitted that the Buddhas teachings were worthy of being followed, though it is not explicitly stated that he accepted them.

2. Channa - A Thera. No particulars of his early life are available. He once stayed at Gijjhakuta, dangerously ill and suffering much pain. He was visited by Sariputta and Maha Cunda, and when they discovered that he contemplated suicide, they tried to deter him, promising to provide him with all necessaries and to wait on him themselves. Finding him quite determined, Sariputta discussed with him the Buddhas teachings and then left him. Soon afterwards Channa committed suicide by cutting his throat. When this was reported to the Buddha, he explained that no blame was attached to Channa, for he was an arahant at the moment of death (M.iii.263ff; S.iv.55ff).

Buddhaghosa explains (MA.ii.1012f.; SA.iii.12f ) that after cutting his throat, Channa, feeling the fear of death, suddenly realised that he was yet a puthujjana. This thought so filled him with anguish that he put forth special effort, and by developing insight became an arahant.

Channa had friends and relations in the Vajjian village of Pubbavijjhana (v.l. Pubbavajira), and came himself from there. v.l. Chandaka.

3. Channa - Gotamas charioteer and companion, born on the same day as Gotama (J.i.54; Mtu.ii.156, 164, 189, 233; iii.91, 262; BuA.233; SA.ii.231; DhsA.34. ThagA. (i.155) says he was the son of a servant woman of Suddhodana). When Gotama left household life, Channa rode with him on the horse Kanthaka as far as the river Anoma. There Gotama gave him his ornaments and bade him take Kanthaka back to his fathers palace (A thupa was later erected on the spot where Channa turned back; Dvy.391). When, however, Kanthaka died of a broken heart, Channas grief was great, for he had suffered a double loss. It is said that he begged for leave to join Gotama as a recluse, but this leave was refused (J.i.64f). He therefore returned to Kapilavatthu, but when the Buddha visited his Sakiyan kinsfolk, Channa joined the Order. Because of his great affection for the Buddha, however, egotistical pride in our Buddha, our Doctrine arose in him and he could not conquer this fondness nor fulfil his duties as a bhikkhu. (ThagA.i.155; his verse (No.69) quoted in Thag. does not, however, refer to any such remissness on his part).

Once, when in the Ghositarama in Kosambi, Channa committed a fault but was not willing to acknowledge it.

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A nun,(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

channa : (adj.) proper; suitable. (pp. of chādeti) covered; concealed; thatched; given pleasure; relished.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Channa, 2 (pp. to chad (chand), chandayati, see chādeti2) fit, suitable, proper Vin.II, 124 (+paṭirūpa); III, 128; D.I, 91 (+paṭirūpa); S.I, 9; M.I, 360; J.III, 315; V, 307; VI, 572; Pv.II, 1215 (=yutta PvA.159). (Page 275)

2) Channa, 1 (pp. of chad, see chādeti1) 1. covered J.IV, 293 (vāri°); VI, 432 (padara°, ceiling); ThA.257. ‹-› 2. thatched (of a hut) Sn.18.—3. concealed, hidden, secret J.II, 58; IV, 58.—nt. channaṃ a secret place Vin.IV, 220. (Page 275)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

chaṇṇa (छण्ण).—ad Imit. of a tinkling or jingling (as of the little bells on the toes &c.)

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chaṇṇa (छण्ण).—ad Tinklingly.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Channa (छन्न).—a. [chad-kta ni°]

1) Covered.

2) Hidden, concealed, secret &c.; see छद् (chad).

3) Desolate, solitary.

4) Private.

-nnam A secret; वागुराच्छन्नमाश्रित्य मृगाणामिष्यते वधः । भवाञ्छन्नेन दण्डितः (vāgurācchannamāśritya mṛgāṇāmiṣyate vadhaḥ | bhavāñchannena daṇḍitaḥ) Abhiṣeka.1.19.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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