Shatavari, Śatāvarī, Satāvarī: 23 definitions


Shatavari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatāvarī can be transliterated into English as Satavari or Shatavari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śatāvarī (शतावरी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Asparagus racemosus Willed. (or “buttermilk root”) from the Asparagaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.116-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Śatāvarī is commonly known in Hindi as Śatāvarī or Śatāvar; in Bengali as Śatmali; in Marathi and Gujurati as Śatāvarī; in Tamil as Śimāi-sadāvarī; in Telugu as Calla-gadda; and in Kannada as Kiriya Asadi.

Śatāvarī is mentioned as having thirty-two synonyms: Śatapadī, Pīvarī, Indīvarī, Varī, Bhīrū, Dīpyā, Dvīpiśatru, Dvīpikā, Amarakaṇṭikā, Sūkṣmapatrā, Supatrā, Bahumūlā, Śatāhvayā, Nārāyaṇī, Svādurasā, Śatāhvā, Laghuparṇikā, Ātmaśalyā, Jaṭāmūlā, Śatavīryā, Mahaudanī, Madhurā, Śatamūlā, Keśikā, Śatanetrikā, Viśvākhyā, Vaiṣṇavī, Kārṣṇī, Vāsudevī, Varīyasī, Durmarā and Tejavallī.

Properties and characteristics: “Both [Mahāśatāvarī and] Śatāvarī are cold, sweet, aphrodisiac and quell pitta, kapha and vāta-doṣas. These are bitter and considered very good rasāyana (rejuvenator). Both the Śatāvarīs are aphrodisiac, cold, sweet and control pitta-doṣa. The bigger variety controls kapha and vāta-doṣa, is better and excellent rejuvenating agent. Its new shoots quell vitiated kapha and pitta and are bitter”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Asparagus racemosus, Rt., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Śatāvarī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Asparagus racemosus (Willd.)” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śatāvarī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant Asparagus racemosus Wild., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śatāvarī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to Asparagus racemosus, and is used in medical preparations for the protection of horses, according to sections on Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—For protection of the horses against diseases and to nourish, to impart greater strength and vigour the following kalpa of Guḍūcī (Tinospora cordifolia) are advised:—[...] Guḍūcī along one or three or four Palas of powered Śatāvarī (Asparagus racemosus) and Aśvagandhā (Withania somnifera). [...]

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of rat poison (ākhu-viṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa has recommended a slew of generic formulae that successfully neutralise rat poison.—According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse 11.52): “Śatamūlā and Śatāvāri mixed with coconut water must be made into paste and applied on the swelling caused by the rat bite.”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) is a Sanskrit word referring Albizia lebbeck (lebbeck), a plant species in the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Śatāvarī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Asparagus racemosus (wild asparagus) Asparagaceae. It grows throughout Nepal, Sri Lanka, India and the Himalayas. It is also known as Ābhīru.

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Śatāvarī in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal climber “Asparagus racemosus Willd”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Tuberous roots”. Instructions for using the climber named Śatāvarī: 5 g dried root powder in a glass of milk—twice a day.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to Asparagus racemosus Willd., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 1:196, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.).—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 389, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.19). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śatāvarī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śatavārī (शतवारी) refers to Asparagus racemosus (used in Āyurveda to delay aging), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—In the Netratantra, Bhairavī holds the medicinal Śatavārī (Asparagus racemosus), a plant grown in the Himalayan region and used in Āyurveda to delay aging, improve mental faculties, and help fight disease. Her worship then is preventative and suppresses that which brings about disease rather than simply curing them once they have manifested. Again, this makes worship of Amṛteśa, throughout the calendrical cycle, vital for the continued health and prosperity of the king and kingdom.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) in Sanskrit or Sattāvarī in Prakrit refers to the plant Asparagus racemosus Willd. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (e.g., śatāvarī) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Shatavari [શતાવરી] in the Gujarati language is the name of a plant identified with Asparagus racemosus Willd. from the Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family having the following synonyms: Asparagopsis abyssinica, Asparagus zeylanicus, Asparagus stachyoides. For the possible medicinal usage of shatavari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Shatavari [शतावरी] in the Hindi language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Shatavari [ಶತಾವರಿ] in the Kannada language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Satavari [सतावरी] in the Konkani language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Shatavari [शतावरी] in the Marathi language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Satavari [सतावरि] in the Nepali language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Satavari [शतावरी] in the Sanskrit language also refers to the last-mentioned plant or tree.

Satavari in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Asparagus filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don from the Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family.

Satavari [सतावरी] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Eulophia pratensis Lindl. from the Orchidaceae (Orchid) family having the following synonyms: Eulophia ramentacea Wight [Illegitimate], Graphorchis pratensis .

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Shatavari in India is the name of a plant defined with Asparagus curillus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Asparagopsis curilla (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kunth (among others).

2) Shatavari is also identified with Asparagus officinalis It has the synonym Asparagus officinalis var. altilis L. (etc.).

3) Shatavari is also identified with Asparagus racemosus It has the synonym Asparagopsis javanica Kunth (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Vegetabilium, ed. 15 (1829)
· Botaničeskij Žurnal (1994)
· Linnaea (1841)
· Nouv. Ann. Mus. Paris (1834)
· Species Plantarum. (1799)
· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shatavari, for example side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śatāvarī (शतावरी).—f (S) pop. śatāvalī f A plant, Asparagus racemosus. It is distinguished into śatamūlī & sahastramūlī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāvarī (शतावरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A shrub, (Asparagus recemosus.) 2. The wife of Indra. E. śata a hundred, (roots,) āṅ before vṛ to choose, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāvarī (शतावरी).—[feminine] a cert. climbing plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatāvarī (शतावरी):—[from śatāvara > śata] f. Asparagus Racemosus, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of plant, zedoary (= śaṭī), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāvarī (शतावरी):—[śatā+varī] (rī) 3. f. A shrub, Asparagus; wife of Indra.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sattāvarī, Sayarī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shatavari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatavari in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śatāvari (ಶತಾವರಿ):—[noun] = ಶತಮೂಲಿ [shatamuli].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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