Shatavari, Śatāvarī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Shatavari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatāvarī can be transliterated into English as Satavari or Shatavari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śatāvarī (शतावरी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatavari in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) is a Sanskrit word referring Albizia lebbeck (lebbeck), a plant species in the Fabaceae family. Certain plant parts of Śatāvarī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Asparagus racemosus (wild asparagus) Asparagaceae. It grows throughout Nepal, Sri Lanka, India and the Himalayas. It is also known as Ābhīru.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Asparagus racemosus Willed. (or “buttermilk root”) from the Asparagaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.116-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Śatāvarī is commonly known in Hindi as Śatāvarī or Śatāvar; in Bengali as Śatmali; in Marathi and Gujurati as Śatāvarī; in Tamil as Śimāi-sadāvarī; in Telugu as Calla-gadda; and in Kannada as Kiriya Asadi.

Śatāvarī is mentioned as having thirty-two synonyms: Śatapadī, Pīvarī, Indīvarī, Varī, Bhīrū, Dīpyā, Dvīpiśatru, Dvīpikā, Amarakaṇṭikā, Sūkṣmapatrā, Supatrā, Bahumūlā, Śatāhvayā, Nārāyaṇī, Svādurasā, Śatāhvā, Laghuparṇikā, Ātmaśalyā, Jaṭāmūlā, Śatavīryā, Mahaudanī, Madhurā, Śatamūlā, Keśikā, Śatanetrikā, Viśvākhyā, Vaiṣṇavī, Kārṣṇī, Vāsudevī, Varīyasī, Durmarā and Tejavallī.

Properties and characteristics: “Both [Mahāśatāvarī and] Śatāvarī are cold, sweet, aphrodisiac and quell pitta, kapha and vāta-doṣas. These are bitter and considered very good rasāyana (rejuvenator). Both the Śatāvarīs are aphrodisiac, cold, sweet and control pitta-doṣa. The bigger variety controls kapha and vāta-doṣa, is better and excellent rejuvenating agent. Its new shoots quell vitiated kapha and pitta and are bitter”.

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Śatāvarī in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal climber “Asparagus racemosus Willd”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Tuberous roots”. Instructions for using the climber named Śatāvarī: 5 g dried root powder in a glass of milk—twice a day.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Asparagus racemosus, Rt., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Śatāvarī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant Asparagus racemosus Wild., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śatāvarī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Asparagus racemosus (Willd.)” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śatāvarī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatavari in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.19). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śatāvarī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatavari in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Śatāvarī (शतावरी) in Sanskrit or Sattāvarī in Prakrit refers to the plant Asparagus racemosus Willd. This plant is classifed as ananta-kāya, or “plants that are inhabited by an infinite number of living organisms”, and therefore are abhakṣya (forbidden to consume) according to both Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246) and Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.44-46). Those plants which are classified as ananta-kāyas (eg., śatāvarī) seem to be chosen because of certain morphological peculiarities such as the possession of bulbs or rhizomes orthe habit of periodically shedding their leaves; and in general theyare characterized by possibilities of vegetative reproduction.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatavari in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śatāvarī (शतावरी).—f (S) pop. śatāvalī f A plant, Asparagus racemosus. It is distinguished into śatamūlī & sahastramūlī.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatavari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatāvarī (शतावरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A shrub, (Asparagus recemosus.) 2. The wife of Indra. E. śata a hundred, (roots,) āṅ before vṛ to choose, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatāvarī (शतावरी):—[from śatāvara > śata] f. Asparagus Racemosus, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of plant, zedoary (= śaṭī), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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