Urja, Ūrja, Ūrjā: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Urja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ūrjā (ऊर्जा) refers to the “vital essence”, and is mentioned in verse 2.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Vṛṣya (“viriligenic”), āyuṣya (“vitalizing”), and ūrjābalaprada (“generative of vigour and strength”) have been combined to rotsa daṅ thse daṅ mdaṅs daṅ stobs rah (b)skyed (“generates virility, life, vigour, and strength”)—ūrjā (~mdaṅs) denotes the vital essence, usually called ojas, that consists of the seven elements, pervades the whole body, and brings about the functioning of the organs. It is described in Suśrutasaṃhitā I.15.21 as a soma-like, unctuous, white, cold, solidifying, mobile, distinct, soft, and slimy substance and identified by Bhishagrantna (Transl. I p. 130) as albumen.—rab is used pleonastically for the prefix pra.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ūrjā (ऊर्जा) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. The eleven younger daughters were [... Ūrjā,...]. The great aspirants [Vasiṣṭha] and others took the hands of these famous daughters (e.g., Ūrjā married Vasiṣṭha). Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ūrja (ऊर्ज).—A son of Vatsara and Svarvīthi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 12.

1b) Month (kārtika) sacred to Hari; with iṣa forms śarat.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 15; 62. 16

1c) A god of the Harita gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85.

1d) A son of Auttama Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 12.

1e) The originator of the Agnisambhava gaṇa of Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 54.

1f) The son of Sudhanvā, the powerful.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 225.

1g) One of the seven sages of Śvārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 11.

1h) The son of Śuci and father of Śatadhvaja.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 30-31.

1i) A grāmaṇi with the sun in the spring.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 4.

1j) A son of Vasiṣṭha and a sage of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 17.

1k) One of the ten branches of the Harita group of devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 89.

2) Ūrjā (ऊर्जा).—A daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Vasiṣṭha; mother of Citraketu and six other sons besides a daughter Puṇḍarīkā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 40; X. 39. 55; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 52 and 56; 11. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 28, 32; 28. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 25; 10. 12.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Ūrjā (ऊर्जा) refers to one of the daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti: one of the two daughters of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Ūrjā was given to Vasiṣṭha.] From Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā, seven sons—Raja, Gotra, Ūrdhvabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapā and Śukla and a daughter Puṇḍarikā were born.

2) Ūrjā (ऊर्जा) is the name of one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Svārociṣa-Manvantara: the second of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In this second [Svārociṣa] Manvantara the deities are the Tuṣitas, Vipaścit is the name of the Indra, and Ūrja, Stambha, Prāṇa, Dānta, Ṛṣabha, Timira and Sārvarivān (Arvarīvān?) are the seven sages”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Urja is a daughter of Daksha, and was married to the sage Vasishta. More common accounts say that Arundhati was the wife of Vasishta.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūrja (ऊर्ज).—m S Power, strength, vigor.

--- OR ---

ūrjā (ऊर्जा).—f S See the popular form urajā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrja (ऊर्ज).—1 Name of the month Kārtika (as giving vigour and energy); 'बाहुलोर्जौ कार्तिकिकः (bāhulorjau kārtikikaḥ)' इत्यमरः (ityamaraḥ); ऊर्जमतङ्गजम् (ūrjamataṅgajam) Śiśupālavadha 6.5.

2) Energy.

3) Power, strength.

4) Procreative power.

5) Life, breath.

6) Name of the sons of हिरण्यगर्भ (hiraṇyagarbha) (reckoned among the seven Ṛiṣis of the third Manvantara).

-rjā 1 Food ऊर्जावती (ūrjāvatī) (gaṅgā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.26.84.

2) Energy.

3) Strength, sap. नाप्यूर्जां बिभरामास वैदेह्यां प्रसितो भृशम् (nāpyūrjāṃ bibharāmāsa vaidehyāṃ prasito bhṛśam) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.3.

4) Growth.

5) Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Vasiṣṭha.

-rjam Water.

Derivable forms: ūrjaḥ (ऊर्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrja (ऊर्ज).—m.

(-rjaḥ) 1. The month Kartik, (Oct.-Nov.) 2. Effort, exertion. 3. Power, strength. 4. Breath, breathing. 5. Procreative power. n.

(-rjaṃ) Water. E. ūrja to live, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrja (ऊर्ज).—[ūrj + a], m. Strength, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrja (ऊर्ज).—[adjective] strong; [masculine] & [feminine] ā = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūrja (ऊर्ज):—[from ūrj] mfn. strong, powerful, eminent, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [v.s. ...] invigorating, strengthening

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a month (= kārttika), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā i; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta i, 19, 9; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] power, strength, vigour, sap, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti ii, 55; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] life, breath, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] effort, exertion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of several men

8) Ūrjā (ऊर्जा):—[from ūrja > ūrj] f. strength, vigour, sap, [Ṛg-veda x, 76, 1; Atharva-veda; Sāma-veda; Suśruta] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Vasiṣṭha, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) Ūrja (ऊर्ज):—[from ūrj] n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrja (ऊर्ज):—(rjaḥ) 1. m. The month Kārtik, Oct.-Nov. n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ūrja (ऊर्ज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ujja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Urja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ūrjā (ऊर्जा):—(nf) energy; vigour and vitality; ~[vijñāna] energetics.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ūrja (ಊರ್ಜ):—

1) [noun] ability to do; capacity of doing; power.

2) [noun] exertion or striving; a vigorous attempt; effort.

3) [noun] the eighth month of the Hindu calendar.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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