Priyavrata: 9 definitions


Priyavrata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Priyavrata in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत).—One of the two sons of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa (the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata had ten sons: Āgnīdhra, Agnibāhu, Medhas, Medhātithi, Dhruva, Jyotiṣmān, Dyutimān, Havya, Vapuṣmān and Savana. Seven of these sons became Lords of the seven islands (dvīpa).

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत).—The eldest son of Svāyambhuva Manu. He had another son named Uttānapāda and three daughters named Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti. The daughters were married to Ruci, Kardama and Dakṣa respectively. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

Priyavrata married Barhiṣmatī daughter of Kardamaprajāpati. He got of her two daughters named Samrāṭ and Kukṣi and ten sons named Agnīdhra, Agnibāhu, Vapuṣmān, Dyutimān, Medhas, Medhātithi, Bhavya, Savana, Putra and Jyotiṣmān. Of these Jyotiṣmān was really possessing jyotis (brilliance). All the sons, Medhas, Agnibāhū and Putra, were interested in the practice of yoga and were aware of their previous births. Priyavrata disributed seven islands to seven of his sons as follows:

Jambūdvīpa to Agnīdhra; Plakṣadvīpa to Medhātithi; Śālmalīdvīpa to Vapuṣmān; Kuśadvīpa to Jyotiṣmān; Krauñcadvīpa to Dyutimān; Śākadvīpa to Bhavya; and Puṣkaradvīpa to Savana.

Agnīdhra had nine sons named Nābhi, Kimpuruṣa, Harivarṣa, Ilāvṛta, Ramya, Hiraṇvān, Kuru, Bhadrāśva and Ketumāla. (Chapter 1, Aṃśa 2, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

Priyavrata once circled round Meru in his chariot. As if competing with the Sun Priyavrata started his circling along with sunrise and ended it at sunset. He did so seven days making nights look like day and the sun appear dim and faded. The Sun was dejected and it was at the request of the Trimūrtis that Priyavrata stopped his circumambulation. It was the path of Priyavrata’s circling for seven days that later became the seven oceans of Purāṇic fame. (Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Kamba Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत) is one of the two sons of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] He (Svāyambhuva Manu) begot of her (Śatarūpā) two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and three daughters Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti, all of them very famous. He gave Ākūti in marriage to Ruci and the middle one to Kardama. He gave Prasūti the younger sister of Uttānapāda in marriage to Dakṣa. Their sons and progeny are spread over the world both mobile and immobile. [...] Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत).—One of the two sons of Svāyambhuva Manu and an aṃśa of Vasudeva;1 married two wives Barhiṣmatī daughter of Viśvakarman and another; had ten sons and a daughter through his first wife; among whom were two sons Āgnidhra and Manu Uttama; through the second wife he had three sons, all rulers of Manvantaras; though a Bhāgavata and devoted to Nārada, in obedience to his father's wishes remained a house-holder and administered his kingdom; three of the ten sons by the first wife Mahāvīra, Kavi and Savana remained bachelors all through life; ruled for eleven arbuda years; possessed superhuman powers; he followed the sun by making seven circuits, determined to make night also day; these seven circuits resulted in the formation of seven seas and seven continents of which his sons became rulers; gave his daughter to Uśanas; following the footsteps of Nārada he classified the land fixing rivers, mountains and forests as boundaries;2 founder of a glorious line; his descendents;3 obliged to Viṣṇu;4 went to heaven by tapas.5 Married the daughter of Kardama and had two daughters, Samrāt and Kukṣī besides ten sons; to this line belong the Manus, Svārociṣa, Uttama, Tāmasa and Raivata.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 55; 21. 2; IV. 1. 9; XI. 2. 15; IV. 8. 7; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 6; 57. 57; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 18.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. (whole); 16. 2; VIII. 1. 23; XI. 2. 15;
  • 3) Ib. V. 6. 14; ch. 15 (whole).
  • 4) Ib. IV. 21. 28; 31. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 6; 29. 63; 30. 39; 36. 65; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 24-5.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 143. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 11. 1.
  • 6) Ib. II. 1. 3-6.

1b) A son of Śatarūpā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 59.

1c) A son of Vairāja Manu;1 married Kāmyā;2 had ten sons and two daughters.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 66; 10. 16.
  • 2) Ib. 28. 28.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 33.

1d) A god of the Ādyā group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 69

1e) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Ṛbhu and narrated it to Bhāguri.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 43.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत) is the name of one of the two sons of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] By penance Śatarūpā got Manu as her husband. As a result two sons—Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and two daughters—Ākūti and Prasūti were born. [...] In Raivata Manvantara the name of Indra was Vibhu. The gods were divided into four groups like Vaikuṇṭha etc. The Saptarṣis were said to be Hiraṇyaromā, Viśvasśrī, Aindrabāhu, Urdhavabāhu, Subāhu, Parjanya and Mahāmuni who were born in the race of Priyavrata (privavratakula-udbhava).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत) refers to:—The first son of Svāyambhuva Manu and a powerful king who harnessed the power of the sun. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of priyavrata in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Priyavrata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Priyavrata (प्रियव्रत):—[=priya-vrata] [from priya > prī] mfn. (priya-) having desirable ordinances or fond of obedience (said of the gods), [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king (a son of Manu and Śata-rūpā), [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Brāhmaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Priyavrata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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