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Shatanika, aka: Satanika, Śatānīka; 5 Definition(s)


Shatanika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatānīka can be transliterated into English as Satanika or Shatanika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Śatānīka (शतानीक) is the name of the King from the Pāṇḍava family, who was the son of Janamejaya, and the grandson of King Parīkṣit, who was the great-grandson of Abhimanyu, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. The name of his wife was Viṣṇumatī, and they had a son named Sahasrānīka. The favorite dwelling place of King Śatānīka was Kauśāmbī, a great city in the land Vatsa.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.


1a) Śatānīka (शतानीक).—A son of Nakula and Draupadī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 29; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 53.

1b) A son of Janamejaya, versed in Trayī, and a pupil of Yājñavalkya, and also of Śaunaka; learnt the science of arms from Kṛpa; father of Sahasrānīka (Aśvamedhadatta, Viṣṇu-purāṇa);1 performed Aśvamedha;2 asked Śaunaka about Yayāti and his reply;3 anointed by Brahmans;4 realised ātmajñāna from Śaunaka and attained nirvāṇa.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 38-39.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 65-6.
  • 3) Ib. 25. 3.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 256.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 3-5.

1c) A son of Sudāsa and father of Durdamana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 43.

1d) A son of the second Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 72.

1e) A son of Vasudāma.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 86.

1f) A son of Bṛhadratha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Śatānīka (शतानीक):—Son of Nakula (one of the sons of Pāṇḍu) and Draupadī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-30)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śatānīka (शतानीक).—The son of Nakula who was killed by Aśvatthāmā while awaking from sleep in his tent; the brother of King Virāṭa. He was killed by Droṇa during the Kurukṣetra war.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Satanika (सतनिक): Virata's son whose bead was severed by Drona.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nakula (नकुल).—Born to Mādrī (Mādravatī) through the favour of the Aśvins: father of Śatā...
Janamejaya (जनमेजय):—King Janamejaya was born into the Pūru dynasty. Pūru was one of t...
1a) Śaunaka (शौनक).—A son of Śunaka; a great sage of the Ṛg Veda school. A kulapati; addr...
Nirvāṇa (निर्वाण).—Is mokṣa;1 gained by doing the vibhūtīdvādaśivrata on the Ganges;2 P...
Mātali (मातलि) is a messenger of Indra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. When a...
Udayana (उदयन) is the name of the King of Vatsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter ...
Sahasrānīka (सहस्रानीक) is the son of King Śatānīka and Viṣṇumatī, who later became the king...
Aśvamedha (अश्वमेध).—Thrice performed by Yudhiṣṭhira.1 One hundred performed by Bali;2 ...
Draupadī (द्रौपदी).—The daughter of Yajñasena-Draupada, queen of the Pāṇḍavas and mother ...
1) Supratīka (सुप्रतीक) is the name of a yakṣa, who was cursed by Kubera and became a piśāca...
Kauśāmbī (कौशाम्बी) is the principal city in the kingdom of Vatsa. The brick-built fort of king...
Śāṇḍilya (शाण्डिल्य) is the name of a sage (forest hermit), who prepared an oblation for Kin...
1a) Kṛpa (कृप).—(Kṛpaśāradvata) the son of Satyadhṛti (Śaradvat, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa), found...
Vidhūma (विधूम) is the name of a vasu who fell in love with an apsara named Alambuṣā at the ...
1a) Sudāsa (सुदास).—A son of Sarvakāma, father of Kalmāṣanemi (Mitrasaha, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*...

Relevant text

Search found 29 books containing Shatanika, Satanika or Śatānīka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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