Sharman, Śarman: 9 definitions


Sharman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarman can be transliterated into English as Sarman or Sharman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śarman (शर्मन्) refers to “comfort”, as mentioned in verse 4.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] If (a patient) has been debilitated by medicine, strengthening (him) gradually by food such as rice, sixty-day-old rice, wheat, mung-beans, meat, and ghee—(which), in combination with cardiac and stomachic remedies, (is) promotive of appetite and digestion—as well as by inunctions, massages, baths, and purgative and lubricant enemas (is) wholesome. Thus he recovers comfort [viz., śarman], intensity of all the fires, faultlessness of intellect, colour, and senses, potency, (and) longness of life”.

Note: Śarman (“comfort”) has been moved to the end of the series of objects and turned dpal daṅ gzi-mdaṅs (“happiness and vitality”), gzi-mdaṅs being a tautological expression either component of which corresponds to Sanskrit ojas; on this term see 2.15.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarman (शर्मन्).—a. [śṝ-manin Uṇ.4.144] Happy, prosperous. -m.

1) An affix added to the name of a Brāhmaṇa; as विष्णुशर्मन् (viṣṇuśarman); cf. वर्मन्, दास, गुप्तः, शर्मवद्ब्राह्मणस्य स्याद्राज्ञो रक्षा- समन्वितम् (varman, dāsa, guptaḥ, śarmavadbrāhmaṇasya syādrājño rakṣā- samanvitam) Ms.2.32. -n.

1) Pleasure, happiness, delight; त्यजन्त्यसून् शर्म च मानिनो वरं त्यजन्ति न त्वेकमयाचितं व्रतम् (tyajantyasūn śarma ca mānino varaṃ tyajanti na tvekamayācitaṃ vratam) N.1. 5; R.1.69; Bh.3.97.

2) A blessing.

3) Protection.

4) A house, receptacle (mostly Vedic in this sense).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarman (शर्मन्).— (vb. śri, cf. śaraṇa), n. 1. Blessing, Chr. 292, 12 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 12 (ved. śarma for śarmāṇi). 2. Happiness, delight, [Indralokāgamana] 3, 9; [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarman (शर्मन्).—[neuter] cover, protection, shelter, refuge, comfort, welfare, joy, bliss (often —° in Brahman-names).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śarman (शर्मन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(Śrīmānaśarman?) of the Campahaṭṭi family: Varṣakṛtya [dharma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarman (शर्मन्):—n. ([probably] [from] √śri and connected with 1. śaraṇa, śarīra) shelter, protection, refuge, safety, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) etc.

3) a house, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 4]

4) Joy, bliss, comfort, delight, happiness (often at the end of names of Brāhmans, just as varman is added to the names of Kṣatriyas, and gupta to those of Vaiśyas), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) Name of [particular] formulas, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

6) identified with śarva ([Kauśika-sūtra]) and with vāc ([Aitareya-brāhmaṇa])

7) mfn. happy, prosperous, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarman (शर्मन्):—[(rmmā-rmmā-rmma) a.] Happy, glad. n. Happiness. m. Title of Brāhmaṃs.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sarman (सर्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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