Sharad, Śarad: 14 definitions


Sharad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarad can be transliterated into English as Sarad or Sharad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śarad (शरद्, “autumn”):—One of the six season of the year, comprising the months Aśvin and Kārtika.—This season takes place dusing visarga, when the moon is dominant, and releases nutrient essence to the living being. In these months, Pitta-doṣa is aggrevated. A skilled physician should moniter these conditions during the treatment of a patient.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Sharad is the Hindu season corresponding to autumn. The two months known as Isha and Urja (Ashvina and Kartika) constitute what is called the season of Autumn.

Diseases which owe their origin to a deranged state of bile, phlegm and wind, are respectively ameliorated in Hemanta, summer, and autumn by natural causes, [such as the variations of atmospheric or earthly temperature, rainfall, etc.].

Likewise the features, which specifically mark the different seasons of the year are observed to characterise the different parts of a complete day and night, [or in other words] the midnight is marked by those of autumn.

In autumn the sun’s rays assume a mellow golden tint. Masses of white clouds are seen to sail the dark deep blue of heaven. Ponds are decked with the full blown lotus flowers, agitated by the wings of the diving swans The high grounds become dry, while the lowlands still retain their muddy character. The level plains are covered with shrubs and undergrowths, and plants and trees such as, Vána, Saptáhva, Vandhuka, Kasha and Asana, flower in abundance.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śarad (शरद्) refers to “autumn”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; Never shall one take them at night, never warm, (and) not in spring, summer, and autumn [viz., vasatna-uṣṇa-śarad] (in any other season) not without mung-bean soup nor without honey nor without ghee and sugar nor without emblic myrobalans, also not continuously and not slightly unfinished”.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Śarad (शरद्) refers to the season consisting (partially) of October and November, whose pitta-provocative symptoms are dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., in Śarad).

The 101st stanza is related with provocation of Doṣas in particular seasons. Seasons for provocation of Vāta are Hemanta (Jan-Feb), Varṣa (Rainy season) and Śiśira (Dec-Jan). Season for provocation of Pitta is Grīṣma (summer) and Śarad (Oct-Nov) while for provocation of Kapha is Vasanta (Feb-Mar).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śarad (शरद्) refers to “crops” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Anurādhā will be valiant; heads of parties; fond of the company of Sādhus, keep vehicles and grow every species of crop [i.e., śaradsarvaṃ ca śaratsamutpannam]. Those who are born on the lunar day of Jyeṣṭhā will be valiant, of good descent, wealthy, famous; disposed to cheat others of their property, fond of travelling, rulers of provinces or commanders of armies. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarad (शरद्).—f. [śṝ-adi Uṇādi-sūtra 1.129]

1) The autumn, autumnal season (comprising the two months āśvina and kārtika); यात्रायै चोदयामास तं शक्तेः प्रथमं शरद् (yātrāyai codayāmāsa taṃ śakteḥ prathamaṃ śarad) R.4.24.

2) A year; त्वं जीव शरदः शतम् (tvaṃ jīva śaradaḥ śatam); शरदामयुतं ययौ (śaradāmayutaṃ yayau) R.1.1; U. 1.15; धारिणीभूतधारिण्योर्भव भर्ता शरच्छतम् (dhāriṇībhūtadhāriṇyorbhava bhartā śaracchatam) M.1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarad (शरद्).—f. (-rat or rad) 1. The season of autumn or the sultry season; the two months succeeding the rains; according to the Vaidikas, comprising the months Bhadra and Ashwin, and according to the Pauranikas, Ashwin and Kartika, fluctuating thus from August to November. 2. A year. E. śṝ to injure, adi Unadi aff.; also with ṭāp added śaradā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarad (शरद्).—and śaradā śaradā (probably from śṛ10), f. 1. The autumn, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 42 (rad). 2. A year, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 11, 8 (rad).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarad (शरद्).—[feminine] autumn, [plural] also = year.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarad (शरद्):—f. ([probably] [from] √śrā, śṝ) autumn (as the ‘time of ripening’), the autumnal season (the sultry season of two months succeeding the rains; in some parts of India comprising the months Bhādra and Āśvina, in other places Āśvina and Kārttika, fluctuating thus from August to November), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a year (or [plural] poetically for ‘years’ cf. varṣa), [ib.]

3) Saraḍ (सरड्):—[from saragh] m. ([probably]) a kind of tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of camel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarad (शरद्):—[(t-d)] 5. f. Autumn (September and October;) a year.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śarad (शरद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharad in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sharad in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) the autumn; -[puno/purnima] the full moon night in the month of [kvara]..—sharad (शरद) is alternatively transliterated as Śarada.

2) Sharad in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) autumnal; born, produced in or pertaining to autumn; also [sharadi, sharadiya] (a)..—sharad (शारद) is alternatively transliterated as Śārada.

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