Samuccaya; 10 Definition(s)


Samuccaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samuchchaya.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Samuccaya (समुच्चय) refers to “compounding together” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Samuccaya in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samuccaya (समुच्चय).—Accumulation which is one of the four senses of the indeclinable च (ca) and which means the anticipation of an allied another by the express mention of one, in which sense the Dvandva compound prescribed by the rule चार्थे द्वन्द्वः (cārthe dvandvaḥ) does not take place; cf. समुच्चयः । प्लक्षश्च इत्युक्ते गम्यत एतन्न्यग्रोधश्चेति (samuccayaḥ | plakṣaśca ityukte gamyata etannyagrodhaśceti) M. Bh. on P. II. 2.29 Vart. 15.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Samuccaya in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samuccaya (समुच्चय) or Samuccayatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Samuccaya-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Samuccaya (समुच्चय) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Among the ancient Ālaṃkārikas Rudraṭa is the first to admit samuccaya. Ruyyaka (A.S.P. 159) in his Ālaṃkārasarvasa has defined samuccaya. When attributes and actions are described as occurring at a time it is samuccaya.

Cirañjīva defines samuccaya as:—“bhūyasāmekasambandhabhājāṃ gumphaḥ samuccayaḥ”.—“When many objects are described to be related with one thing it is called samuccaya”. Cirañjīva perhaps follows Jayadeva in defining this samuccaya. Jayadeva has given the same definition in his Candrāloka (V/97). According to Jayadeva when many attributes and actions are related with one thing, it is sammuccaya.

Example of the samuccaya-alaṃkāra:—

nipīya madirāṃ durodaravaśo vasāpaṅkilaṃ sadā’ tti piśitaṃ hitaṃ na khalu veda naivā’hitam |
ayaṃ patati dhāvati bhramati mūrcchati dhyāyati pratāmyati palāyate pralapati sphuratyañcati ||

“The person who is under the control of dice having drunk fully is eating meat mixed with marrow of the flesh and does know neither good nor bad. He falls, runs, wonders, faiths, meditates, becomes extremely fatigued, flees away, raves, shines and goes away or worships”.

Notes: Here so many actions like patati, dhāvati, bhramati etc. are connected with the nominative ayaṃ on account of the relation of so many actions with single nominative ayaṃ that is the dice player. It is an example of samuccaya.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Samuccaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

samuccaya : (m.) collection; accumulation.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samuccaya, (saṃ+uccaya) collection, accumulation J. II, 235 (the signification of the particle vā); SnA 266 (id.).—samuccaya-kkhandhaka the third section of Cullavagga Vin. II, 38—72. (Page 687)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Samuccaya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

samuccaya (समुच्चय).—m (S) Assemblage, collection, accumulation, aggregate; a multitude or a mass. 2 By meton. A decision or settlement of a matter by an assembly. 3 In grammar. Conjunction of words, clauses, or sentences; the power of the particle and or also.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samuccaya (समुच्चय).—m Assemblage. A decision of a matter by an assembly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samuccaya in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samuccaya (समुच्चय).—

1) Collection, assemblage, aggregation, mass, multitude.

2) Conjunction of words or sentences; see च (ca).

3) A figure of speech; K. P.1 (Kārikās 115 and 116); (it consists in joining together two or more things, independent of each other, but connected in idea with reference to some common action).

Derivable forms: samuccayaḥ (समुच्चयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samuccaya (समुच्चय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Assemblage, collection, either in thought or fact. 2. Conjunction of words or sentences, the power of the particle and, or also; but it implies the conjunction of different objects of one act or different acts with the same object, as īśvaraṃ guruñca bhajasva worship God, and (or also) the Guru. E. sam and ud before ci to collect, aff. ac or ṇac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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