Camu, Camū, Cāmu: 12 definitions


Camu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chamu.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Camū (चमू) is the name of a plant, the petals of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Camū] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Camū (चमू).—A division of an army. (See Aksauhiṇī)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Cāmu (चामु):—The Sanskrit word for an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many chariots, 2,187 horses and 3,645 soldiers..

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

camū : (f.) an army.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Camu, (f.) (Both derivation and exact meaning uncertain. The Vedic camū is a peculiar vessel into wh. the Soma flows from the press. In late Pali & Sk. it means a kind of small army, perhaps a division drawn up more or less in the shape of the Vedic vessel) an army J. II, 22; camūpati a general Mhvs 10, 65; 23, 4; Dāvs. I, 3. (Page 262)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

camū (चमू).—f An army.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f. [cam-ū Uṇ.1.81]

1) An army (in general); पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम् (paśyaitāṃ pāṇḍuputrāṇāmācārya mahatīṃ camūm) Bg.1.3; वासवीनां चमूनाम् (vāsavīnāṃ camūnām) Me.43; गजवती जवतीव्रहया चमूः (gajavatī javatīvrahayā camūḥ) R.9.1.

2) A division of an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3645 foot.

3) Ved. A dish or vessel.

4) A grave.

Derivable forms: camūḥ (चमूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Camu (चमु).—(1) as in Sanskrit, host, army, but with masc. ending (otherwise only fem.): mārasya jetuṃ camūn Lalitavistara 276.6 (end of stanza; no v.l.); (2) f., coffin (rare in Sanskrit, only early, see [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. camū 2, and Kauś 48.4): (so mṛtako puruṣo…) camusmiṃ prakṣipitvā subaddhaṃ kṛtvā…Mahāvastu ii.173.6; etāṃ camuṃ 173.12; camuṃ 173.13, 14; 174.4, 9.

Camu can also be spelled as Camū (चमू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f.

(-mūḥ) 1. An army. 2. A squadron, a division of an army consisting of 129 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3685 foot. E. cam to eat or destroy, (the enemy.) and ū Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू).—[feminine] the bottom of the Soma-press; squadron, army.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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