Camu, Camū, Cāmu: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Camu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chamu.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Camū (चमू) is the name of a plant, the petals of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Camū] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Camū (चमू).—A division of an army. (See Aksauhiṇī)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Cāmu (चामु):—The Sanskrit word for an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many chariots, 2,187 horses and 3,645 soldiers..

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Camu in Togo is the name of a plant defined with Crateva adansonii in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Capparis trifoliata Roxb. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1908)
· Fl. Mal. (1960)
· Reliquiae Haenkeanae (1835)
· Botanique (1902)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (DC.) (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Camu, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

camū : (f.) an army.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Camu, (f.) (Both derivation and exact meaning uncertain. The Vedic camū is a peculiar vessel into wh. the Soma flows from the press. In late Pali & Sk. it means a kind of small army, perhaps a division drawn up more or less in the shape of the Vedic vessel) an army J. II, 22; camūpati a general Mhvs 10, 65; 23, 4; Dāvs. I, 3. (Page 262)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

camū (चमू).—f An army.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f. [cam-ū Uṇādi-sūtra 1.81]

1) An army (in general); पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम् (paśyaitāṃ pāṇḍuputrāṇāmācārya mahatīṃ camūm) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.3; वासवीनां चमूनाम् (vāsavīnāṃ camūnām) Meghadūta 43; गजवती जवतीव्रहया चमूः (gajavatī javatīvrahayā camūḥ) R.9.1.

2) A division of an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3645 foot.

3) Ved. A dish or vessel.

4) A grave.

Derivable forms: camūḥ (चमूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Camu (चमु).—(1) as in Sanskrit, host, army, but with masc. ending (otherwise only fem.): mārasya jetuṃ camūn Lalitavistara 276.6 (end of stanza; no v.l.); (2) f., coffin (rare in Sanskrit, only early, see [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. camū 2, and Kauś 48.4): (so mṛtako puruṣo…) camusmiṃ prakṣipitvā subaddhaṃ kṛtvā…Mahāvastu ii.173.6; etāṃ camuṃ 173.12; camuṃ 173.13, 14; 174.4, 9.

Camu can also be spelled as Camū (चमू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f.

(-mūḥ) 1. An army. 2. A squadron, a division of an army consisting of 129 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3685 foot. E. cam to eat or destroy, (the enemy.) and ū Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f. An army, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 74, 16, consisting of 729 elephants, 729 chariots, 2187 horses, and 3645 foot, Mahābhārata 1, 292.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू).—[feminine] the bottom of the Soma-press; squadron, army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Camū (चमू):—[from camu-pati] f. ([Vedic or Veda] [locative case] , [Ṛg-veda] six times; once mvi, [x, 91, 15]; [nominative case] [dual number] mvā, iii, 55, 20; [genitive case] [locative case] mvos; [nominative case] [plural] mvas, viii, 2, 8; [locative case] [plural] mūṣu) a vessel or part (two or more in number) of the reservoir into which the Soma is poured, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] f. [dual number] mvau ‘the two great receptacles of all living beings’, heaven and earth, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 30] (cf. [Ṛg-veda iii, 55, 20])

3) [v.s. ...] sg. a coffin (?), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii, 8, 2, 1; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xiv, 22, 19]

4) [v.s. ...] an army or division of an army (129 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3645 foot, [Mahābhārata i, 292]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Camū (चमू):—(mūḥ) 3. f. An army, a squadron, 129 elephants, 129 cars, 2187 horse, 3615 foot.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Camū (चमू) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Camū.

[Sanskrit to German]

Camu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Camu (चमु):—(nf) a division of an army; ~[nāyaka/pati] an army-commander, a general.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Camū (चमू) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Camū.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Camu (ಚಮು):—[noun] the military force of a nation; an army.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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