Camu, aka: Camū, Cāmu; 9 Definition(s)


Camu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chamu.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Camū (चमू) is the name of a plant, the petals of which is considered a vegetable fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.128b-134 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., Camū] are to be cut with a knife or sickle uttering vīryanantra, shall notice the (presence of the worms), insects and wash them (vegetables) many times, with water. They are to be kept as before, in cooking vessels, either alone or mixed up with each other with salt, pepper, mustards, jīraka, leaves of śrīparṇī, water, waters of the coconut, their fruits and grinded with honey mixed up with ghee, together with pulses, black gram, neem and varieties of green gram with soups. Kinds of green gram and others without soup but with salt and others”.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Camū (चमू).—A division of an army. (See Aksauhiṇī)

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Cāmu (चामु):—The Sanskrit word for an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many chariots, 2,187 horses and 3,645 soldiers..

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

camū : (f.) an army.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Camu, (f.) (Both derivation and exact meaning uncertain. The Vedic camū is a peculiar vessel into wh. the Soma flows from the press. In late Pali & Sk. it means a kind of small army, perhaps a division drawn up more or less in the shape of the Vedic vessel) an army J. II, 22; camūpati a general Mhvs 10, 65; 23, 4; Dāvs. I, 3. (Page 262)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

camū (चमू).—f An army.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f. [cam-ū Uṇ.1.81]

1) An army (in general); पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम् (paśyaitāṃ pāṇḍuputrāṇāmācārya mahatīṃ camūm) Bg.1.3; वासवीनां चमूनाम् (vāsavīnāṃ camūnām) Me.43; गजवती जवतीव्रहया चमूः (gajavatī javatīvrahayā camūḥ) R.9.1.

2) A division of an army consisting of 729 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3645 foot.

3) Ved. A dish or vessel.

4) A grave.

Derivable forms: camūḥ (चमूः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Camū (चमू).—f.

(-mūḥ) 1. An army. 2. A squadron, a division of an army consisting of 129 elephants, as many cars, 2187 horse, and 3685 foot. E. cam to eat or destroy, (the enemy.) and ū Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Camūpati (चमूपति).—m. (-tiḥ) A general of division, any general. E. camū, and pati master.
Camūcara (चमूचर).—m. (-raḥ) A soldier, a warrior. E. camū, and cara who marches.
Camūpa.—(IA 10), a general; same as Camūpati, etc. Note: camūpa is defined in the “Indian epigr...
Camūnātha (चमूनाथ).—the leader of an army, a general, commander; R.13.74. Derivable forms: camū...
Mahācamū (महाचमू).—f. a large army. Derivable forms: mahācamūḥ (महाचमूः).Mahācamū is a Sanskrit...
Camūhara (चमूहर).—an epithet of Śiva.Derivable forms: camūharaḥ (चमूहरः).Camūhara is a Sanskrit...
Pratiṣṭheti (प्रतिष्ठेति).—[, acc. to Lefm. LV 317.5 (prose) with all mss., but read praviṣṭeti...
Cham (छम्).—[(u) chamu] r. 1st cl. (chamati) To eat: see camu. bhvā-pa-saka-seṭ .
Cam (चम्).—[(u) camu] r. 1st and 5th cls. (camati, camnoti) To eat, to drink, to take any thing...

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