Vakyapadiya, Vākyapadīya, Vakya-padiya: 9 definitions


Vakyapadiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Vakyapadiya in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय).—A celebrated work on meanings of words and sentences written by the famous grammarian Bhartrhari (called also Hari) of the seventh century. The work is looked upon as a final authority regarding the grammatical treatment of words and sentences, for their interpretation and often quoted by later grammarians. It consists of three chapters the Padakanda or Brahmakanda, the Vakyakanda and the Samkirnakanda, and has got an excellent commentary written by Punyaraja and Helaraja.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)

Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय) is the name of a philosophical work partly inspired by the science of Sanskrit grammar (vyākaraṇa).—Sanskrit grammar is also accepted in India’s intellectual tradition as a philosophy. Bhartṛhari’s Vākyapadīya (5th century) is the landmark work in the domain of philosophy of language.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vakyapadiya in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bhartṛhari is the author of the Vākyapadīya ("[treatise] on words and sentences"). The work is divided into three books,

  • the Brahma-kāṇḍa, (or Āgama-samuccaya "aggregation of traditions"),
  • the Vākya-kāṇḍa,
  • and the Pada-kāṇḍa (or Prakīrṇaka "miscellaneous").
Source: Brill: The Saṃbandha-Samuddeśa (Chapter on Relation)

The Vākyapadīya (by Bhartṛhari) consists of about 2000 philosophical couplets or kārikās. Since the latter half of the nineteenth century, the Vākyapadīya has been known to Western Sanskritists, but its language-philosophical contents have started to receive serious attention only in the last few decennia. The subject matter of the Vākyapadīya resonates strongly with crucial themes in twentieth-century Western thought, although the background and the way the issues are elaborated are quite different.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vakyapadiya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय).—Name of a work attributed to Bhartrihari.

Derivable forms: vākyapadīyam (वाक्यपदीयम्).

Vākyapadīya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vākya and padīya (पदीय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय).—[neuter] T. of a work.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on the philosophy of grammar, by Bhartṛhari. Distributed into Brahmakāṇḍa or Āgamasamuccaya, Vākyakāṇḍa, Padakāṇḍa or Prakīrṇaka. Io. 954. W. p. 217. Report. Xx. Lgr. 111. Rādh. 9. Oppert. 2999. Ii, 4918. 6419. Sb. 436. 437. Cambr. University Library. Quoted by Kaiyaṭa, by Abhinavagupta in Īśvarapratyāsattivṛtti, in Gaṇaratnamahodadhi, in Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha Oxf. 247^b, etc.
—[commentary] by Puṇyarāja. Report. Xx. Ben. 24. Lgr. 112.
—[commentary] Prakirṇaprakāśa, a
—[commentary] on the third part, by Helārāja. Io. 329. K. 90. Lgr. 63. P. 22.

2) Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय):—by Bhartṛhari. Cu. add. 876.
—[commentary] by Puṇyarāja. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 57. Stein 46 (Vākyakāṇḍa).
—[commentary] Prakīrṇaprakāśa by Helārāja. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 56.

3) Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय):—by Bhartṛhari. Ulwar 1168.
—[commentary] by Puṇyarāja on the Vākyakāṇḍa, Ulwar 1169.
—[commentary] by Helārāja, son of Bhūtirāja, on the Prakīrṇakakāṇḍa. Ulwar 1170.

4) Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय):—philosophy of grammar. by Bhartṛhari. As p. 169 (Brahmakāṇḍa. 2 Mss.). Bc 307. Quoted by Utpala in Spandapradīpikā. C. by Puṇyarāja. As p. 169 (on the Vākyakāṇḍa). C. by Helārāja on the Prakīrṇaprakāśa. Bc 307. 463 (inc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vākyapadīya (वाक्यपदीय):—[=vākya-padīya] [from vākya > vāc] n. Name of a celebrated [work] on the science of grammar by Bhartṛ-hari (divided into Brahma-kāṇḍa or Āgama-samuccaya, Vākya-kāṇḍa, Pada-kāṇḍa or Prakīrṇaka).

[Sanskrit to German]

Vakyapadiya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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