Samudaya, Samudāya: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samudaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samudāya (समुदाय).—Aggregate, totality, collection of individual members; cf. समुदाये प्रवृत्ताः शब्दाः क्वचिदवयवेष्वपि वर्तन्ते (samudāye pravṛttāḥ śabdāḥ kvacidavayaveṣvapi vartante) also cf. समुदाये व्याकरणशब्दः अवयवे नोपपद्यते (samudāye vyākaraṇaśabdaḥ avayave nopapadyate) M.Bh. Ahnika 1 Vart. 14; cf. also समुदाये वाक्यपरिसमाप्तिः। (samudāye vākyaparisamāptiḥ|) Par.Sek.Pari.108.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

T Cause of dukkha (attachment).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samudaya (समुदय, “arising”) refers to the second of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samudaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Samudaya or Samudayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of arising” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samudāya.—(EI 25), official designation. Note: samudāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Samudāya.—(ASLV), same as gaṇa-bhoga; a tenure in which land is enjoyed by a group of people. (SITI), a village under the gaṇa-bhoga tenure. (SITI), village common; managing committee of a temple. Note: samudāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samudaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samudaya : (m.) rise; origin; produce. || samudāya (m.), a multitude.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samudaya, (saṃ+udaya) 1. rise, origin D. I, 17; II, 33, 308; III, 227; A. I, 263 (kamma°); Vin. I, 10; Sn. p. 135; It. 16 (samuddaya metri causa) etc. dukkha° the origin of ill, the second ariya-sacca, e.g. D. III, 136; A. I, 177; Vism. 495 (where samudaya is explained in its parts as sam+ u+aya); VbhA. 124.—2. bursting forth, effulgence (pabhā°) J. I, 83. - 3. produce, revenue D. I, 227. (Page 687)

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Samudāya, (fr. saṃ+ud+ā+i) multitude, quantity VvA. 175; the whole VvA. 276. (Page 688)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samudāya (समुदाय).—m (S) corruptly samudāva m A multitude, a collection, a number collected. 2 A whole or aggregate; a mass of particulars or individuals.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samudāya (समुदाय).—m A multitude. An aggregate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samudaya (समुदय).—1 Ascent, rising up (of the sun).

2) Rise (in general).

3) A collection, multitude, number, heap; सामर्थ्यानामिव समुदयः संचयो वा गुणानाम् (sāmarthyānāmiva samudayaḥ saṃcayo vā guṇānām) U.6.9.

3) Combination.

4) The whole.

5) Revenue; Ms.7.56 (com. samudayantyutpadyante'smādarthā iti samudayaḥ).

6) Effort, exertion.

7) War, battle; महासमुदयं चक्रे शरैः सन्नतपर्वभिः (mahāsamudayaṃ cakre śaraiḥ sannataparvabhiḥ) Mb.6.116.45.

8) Day.

9) The rear of an army.

1) Finance, account; सर्वं राज्ञः समुदयमायं च व्ययमेव च । एकाऽहं वेद्मि कल्याणि पाण्डवानां यशस्विनि (sarvaṃ rājñaḥ samudayamāyaṃ ca vyayameva ca | ekā'haṃ vedmi kalyāṇi pāṇḍavānāṃ yaśasvini) || Mb.2.233.53.

11) A producing cause; आश्रमेषु चतुर्ष्वाहुर्दममेवोत्तमं व्रतम् । तस्य लिङ्गं प्रवक्ष्यामि येषां समुदयो दमः (āśrameṣu caturṣvāhurdamamevottamaṃ vratam | tasya liṅgaṃ pravakṣyāmi yeṣāṃ samudayo damaḥ) || Mb.5.63.13.

-yam 1 The rising of a planet &c.

2) An auspicious moment (lagna).

Derivable forms: samudayaḥ (समुदयः).

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Samudāya (समुदाय).—

1) A collection, multitude &c.

2) A word of more than one syllable; see समुदय (samudaya).

Derivable forms: samudāyaḥ (समुदायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samudaya (समुदय).—m. (rarely nt. in Mahāvastu, ii.138.4; = Pali id.; compare Sanskrit udaya; see also samodaya), origin: duḥkha-sam°, origin of misery, the second of the four Noble Truths, see s.v. āryasarya; also used alone, without duḥkha, in the same sense, Mahāvyutpatti 1221 ff.; 1312; Dharmasaṃgraha 21; Bodhisattvabhūmi 38.10. See also next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudaya (समुदय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Multitude, number, heap or quantity. 2. War, battle. 3. Assent, rise. 4. Rising, (as of the sun, &c.) 5. Effort, exertion, perseverance. 6. A day. 7. The rear of an army. 8. Revenue. E. sam and ud before iṇ to go, aff. ac or ṇac; also samudāya .

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Samudāya (समुदाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. War, battle. 2. Multitude, quantity, number, heap. 3. Rise, ascent. 4. The rear or reserve of an army. E. sam and ud up, iṇ to go, aff. ṇac; also samudaya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudaya (समुदय).—samudāya, i. e. sam-ud-i + a, m. 1. Rising (as of the sun), rise. 2. A day. 3. Effort. 4. Revenue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 56 (ă). 5. Multitude, [Pañcatantra] 82, 5 (ā); number, heap, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 145, 8; Chr. 53, 5 (samu- [Pagê15-b+ 41] dayaṃ balānāṃ kṛtvā, Having collected his armies). 6. War, battle. 7. The rear or reserve of an army.

Samudaya can also be spelled as Samudāya (समुदाय).

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Samudāya (समुदाय).—see samudaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudaya (समुदय).—[masculine] ([neuter]) coming together, meeting, gathering, combination, aggregate ([with] kṛ collect, assemble); revenue, income, success, prosperity.

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Samudāya (समुदाय).—[masculine] union, combination, aggregate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samudaya (समुदय):—[=sam-udaya] [from samud-i] m. (rarely n.) coming together, union, junction, combination, collection, assemblage, multitude, aggregation, aggregate ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to collect or assemble’), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) the aggregate of the constituent elements or factors of any being or existence (in later times equivalent to ‘existence’ itself), [Buddhist literature; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] a producing cause (e.g. duḥkhas ‘the cause of suffering’), [Dharmasaṃgraha 22]

4) [v.s. ...] income, revenue, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] success, prosperity, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

6) [v.s. ...] war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a day, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = udgama or samudgama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] rising (of the sun etc.), [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] n. an auspicious moment (= lagna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Samudāya (समुदाय):—[=sam-udāya] [from samud-i] m. combination, collection, multitude, mass, totality, a whole, [Prātiśākhya; Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

12) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) = sam-udaya, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Nakṣatra, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

14) [v.s. ...] war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] the rear or reserve of an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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