Samudaya, Samudāya: 22 definitions
Samudaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Samuday.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Samudāya (समुदाय).—Aggregate, totality, collection of individual members; cf. समुदाये प्रवृत्ताः शब्दाः क्वचिदवयवेष्वपि वर्तन्ते (samudāye pravṛttāḥ śabdāḥ kvacidavayaveṣvapi vartante) also cf. समुदाये व्याकरणशब्दः अवयवे नोपपद्यते (samudāye vyākaraṇaśabdaḥ avayave nopapadyate) M.Bh. Ahnika 1 Vart. 14; cf. also समुदाये वाक्यपरिसमाप्तिः। (samudāye vākyaparisamāptiḥ|) Par.Sek.Pari.108.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Samudāya (समुदाय) refers to “everything” (to be done), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [trees for the surrounding gardens]—“[...] Beyond the residence, it is surrounded by a garden and has a surrounding wall. Everything (samudāya) to be done has been altogether declared. Thus ends the chapter on the residence”.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
T Cause of dukkha (attachment).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Samudaya (समुदय, “arising”) refers to “suffering arises from craving” and represents one of the “four noble truths”, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—The primary teaching of Śākyamuni Buddha was the Catvāri Āryasatyāni (“The Four Noble Truths”, which are as follows: 1. duḥkha "life is suffering" 2. samudaya "suffering arises from craving" 3. nirodha "the cessation of craving is the end of suffering" 4. mārga "there is a path which leads to the end of suffering".
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Samudaya (समुदय, “arising”) refers to the second of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samudaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Samudaya or Samudayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of arising” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).
India history and geography
Samudāya.—(EI 25), official designation. Note: samudāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Samudāya.—(ASLV), same as gaṇa-bhoga; a tenure in which land is enjoyed by a group of people. (SITI), a village under the gaṇa-bhoga tenure. (SITI), village common; managing committee of a temple. Note: samudāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
samudaya : (m.) rise; origin; produce. || samudāya (m.), a multitude.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Samudaya, (saṃ+udaya) 1. rise, origin D. I, 17; II, 33, 308; III, 227; A. I, 263 (kamma°); Vin. I, 10; Sn. p. 135; It. 16 (samuddaya metri causa) etc. dukkha° the origin of ill, the second ariya-sacca, e.g. D. III, 136; A. I, 177; Vism. 495 (where samudaya is explained in its parts as sam+ u+aya); VbhA. 124.—2. bursting forth, effulgence (pabhā°) J. I, 83. - 3. produce, revenue D. I, 227. (Page 687)
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Samudāya, (fr. saṃ+ud+ā+i) multitude, quantity VvA. 175; the whole VvA. 276. (Page 688)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
samudāya (समुदाय).—m (S) corruptly samudāva m A multitude, a collection, a number collected. 2 A whole or aggregate; a mass of particulars or individuals.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
samudāya (समुदाय).—m A multitude. An aggregate.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Samudaya (समुदय).—1 Ascent, rising up (of the sun).
2) Rise (in general).
3) A collection, multitude, number, heap; सामर्थ्यानामिव समुदयः संचयो वा गुणानाम् (sāmarthyānāmiva samudayaḥ saṃcayo vā guṇānām) Uttararāmacarita 6.9.
4) The whole.
5) Revenue; Manusmṛti 7.56 (com. samudayantyutpadyante'smādarthā iti samudayaḥ).
6) Effort, exertion.
7) War, battle; महासमुदयं चक्रे शरैः सन्नतपर्वभिः (mahāsamudayaṃ cakre śaraiḥ sannataparvabhiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.116.45.
9) The rear of an army.
1) Finance, account; सर्वं राज्ञः समुदयमायं च व्ययमेव च । एकाऽहं वेद्मि कल्याणि पाण्डवानां यशस्विनि (sarvaṃ rājñaḥ samudayamāyaṃ ca vyayameva ca | ekā'haṃ vedmi kalyāṇi pāṇḍavānāṃ yaśasvini) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2.233.53.
11) A producing cause; आश्रमेषु चतुर्ष्वाहुर्दममेवोत्तमं व्रतम् । तस्य लिङ्गं प्रवक्ष्यामि येषां समुदयो दमः (āśrameṣu caturṣvāhurdamamevottamaṃ vratam | tasya liṅgaṃ pravakṣyāmi yeṣāṃ samudayo damaḥ) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.63.13.
-yam 1 The rising of a planet &c.
2) An auspicious moment (lagna).
Derivable forms: samudayaḥ (समुदयः).
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1) A collection, multitude &c.
2) A word of more than one syllable; see समुदय (samudaya).
Derivable forms: samudāyaḥ (समुदायः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Samudaya (समुदय).—m. (rarely nt. in Mahāvastu, ii.138.4; = Pali id.; compare Sanskrit udaya; see also samodaya), origin: duḥkha-sam°, origin of misery, the second of the four Noble Truths, see s.v. āryasarya; also used alone, without duḥkha, in the same sense, Mahāvyutpatti 1221 ff.; 1312; Dharmasaṃgraha 21; Bodhisattvabhūmi 38.10. See also next.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. Multitude, number, heap or quantity. 2. War, battle. 3. Assent, rise. 4. Rising, (as of the sun, &c.) 5. Effort, exertion, perseverance. 6. A day. 7. The rear of an army. 8. Revenue. E. sam and ud before iṇ to go, aff. ac or ṇac; also samudāya .
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(-yaḥ) 1. War, battle. 2. Multitude, quantity, number, heap. 3. Rise, ascent. 4. The rear or reserve of an army. E. sam and ud up, iṇ to go, aff. ṇac; also samudaya .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Samudaya (समुदय).—samudāya, i. e. sam-ud-i + a, m. 1. Rising (as of the sun), rise. 2. A day. 3. Effort. 4. Revenue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 56 (ă). 5. Multitude, [Pañcatantra] 82, 5 (ā); number, heap, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 145, 8;
Samudaya can also be spelled as Samudāya (समुदाय).
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Samudāya (समुदाय).—see samudaya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Samudaya (समुदय).—[masculine] ([neuter]) coming together, meeting, gathering, combination, aggregate ([with] kṛ collect, assemble); revenue, income, success, prosperity.
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Samudāya (समुदाय).—[masculine] union, combination, aggregate.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Samudaya (समुदय):—[=sam-udaya] [from samud-i] m. (rarely n.) coming together, union, junction, combination, collection, assemblage, multitude, aggregation, aggregate ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to collect or assemble’), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) the aggregate of the constituent elements or factors of any being or existence (in later times equivalent to ‘existence’ itself), [Buddhist literature; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
3) [v.s. ...] a producing cause (e.g. duḥkhas ‘the cause of suffering’), [Dharmasaṃgraha 22]
4) [v.s. ...] income, revenue, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] success, prosperity, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]
6) [v.s. ...] war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a day, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] = udgama or samudgama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] rising (of the sun etc.), [Horace H. Wilson]
10) [v.s. ...] n. an auspicious moment (= lagna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Samudāya (समुदाय):—[=sam-udāya] [from samud-i] m. combination, collection, multitude, mass, totality, a whole, [Prātiśākhya; Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]
12) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) = sam-udaya, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Nakṣatra, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]
14) [v.s. ...] war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] the rear or reserve of an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Samudaya (समुदय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Ascent; rise; accumulation; war; effort; a day.
2) Samudāya (समुदाय):—[samudā-ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. War; multitude; ascent; rear of an army.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Samudaya (समुदय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samudaya, Samudāya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Samudāya (समुदाय) [Also spelled samuday]:—(nm) community; aggregate, collection; [gata] collective.
1) Samudaya (समुदय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samudaya.
2) Samudāya (समुदाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Samudāya.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] the rising (of the sun).
2) [noun] an associating or being associated; association.
3) [noun] a large number of persons, animals or things gathered at a place and considered as a single unit; a multitude; a group; a throng.
4) [noun] the total; aggregation.
5) [noun] an earnest attempt; an endeavour.
6) [noun] the result of mixing; a mixture.
7) [noun] a prolonged armed fight between two military forces; a war.
8) [noun] that portion of an army that follows the main division.
9) [noun] (Buddh.) one of the four means for enlightenment.
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1) [noun] a large number of persons, animals or things gathered at a place and considered as a single unit; a multitude; a group; a throng.
2) [noun] a body of persons belonging to a sect, caste or religion or pursuing the same trade.
3) [noun] the total; aggregation.
4) [noun] (fig.) the beauty of the whole (as of the aggregate, diff. from that of individual parts).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Ya, Sam, Udaya.
Starts with: Samudaya Sacca, Samudaya Sutta, Samudaya-bahya, Samudaya-prapti, Samudayabahy-adyastamba, Samudayadhamma Sutta, Samudayajnana, Samudayam, Samudayanusamaya, Samudayaprakarana, Samudayaprasiddhi, Samudayasacca, Samudayasatya, Samudayashabda, Samudayastamgama, Samudayata, Samudayati, Samudayavasi.
Ends with: Aharasamudaya, Ditthisamudaya, Dukkhasamudaya, Gosamudaya, Nandisamudaya, Nirnayasamudaya, Paramasamudaya, Pratyangiramantrariksamudaya, Sakkayasamudaya, Senasamudaya.
Full-text (+53): Samujjama, Samudayaprakarana, Paramasamudaya, Samudayika, Samudayin, Samudayam, Samudaya-prapti, Senasamudaya, Matu, Pratyangiramantrariksamudaya, Samuddaya, Nirnayasamudaya, Four Noble Truths, Samudaya-bahya, Vyapari, Samuday, Ditthisamudaya, Lokanirodha, Aharasamudaya, Samudayajnana.
Search found 60 books and stories containing Samudaya, Samudāya, Sam-udaya, Sam-udāya, Samuda-ya, Samudā-ya; (plurals include: Samudayas, Samudāyas, udayas, udāyas, yas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 7.56 < [Section IV - Duties of the King]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.5 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.10 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
The Catusacca Dipani (by Mahathera Ledi Sayadaw)
The Interpretation Of Samudaya-sacca < [Part I - The Manual Of The Four Noble Truths]
Part II - The Exposition Of The Meaning Of Samudaya-sacca
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - The three turnings and twelve aspects of the Wheel of Dharma < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Note (3): The Eleven Knowledges in the Mahāyāna < [Part 1 - The eleven knowledges (jñāna, ñāṇa)]
I. Knowledge of the Śrāvakas < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
The Doctrine of Paticcasamuppada (by U Than Daing)
Chapter 10 - How To Dismantle And Break The Spokes, Hub, Axis, Wheel Rod And Rim
Chapter 15 - Vipassana Meditation
Chapter 9 - The Circling Of Paticcasamuppada
Samarangana-sutradhara (Summary) (by D. N. Shukla)