Samudaya, aka: Samudāya; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samudaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Samudaya in Vyakarana glossaries]

Samudāya (समुदाय).—Aggregate, totality, collection of individual members; cf. समुदाये प्रवृत्ताः शब्दाः क्वचिदवयवेष्वपि वर्तन्ते (samudāye pravṛttāḥ śabdāḥ kvacidavayaveṣvapi vartante) also cf. समुदाये व्याकरणशब्दः अवयवे नोपपद्यते (samudāye vyākaraṇaśabdaḥ avayave nopapadyate) M.Bh. Ahnika 1 Vart. 14; cf. also समुदाये वाक्यपरिसमाप्तिः। (samudāye vākyaparisamāptiḥ|) Par.Sek.Pari.108.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Samudaya in Theravada glossaries]

T Cause of dukkha (attachment).

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Samudaya in Buddhism glossaries]

Samudaya (समुदय, “arising”) refers to the second of the “four noble truths” (caturāryasatya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 21). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., samudaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Samudaya or Samudayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of arising” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Samudaya in Pali glossaries]

samudaya : (m.) rise; origin; produce. || samudāya (m.), a multitude.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samudaya, (saṃ+udaya) 1. rise, origin D. I, 17; II, 33, 308; III, 227; A. I, 263 (kamma°); Vin. I, 10; Sn. p. 135; It. 16 (samuddaya metri causa) etc. dukkha° the origin of ill, the second ariya-sacca, e.g. D. III, 136; A. I, 177; Vism. 495 (where samudaya is expld in its parts as sam+ u+aya); VbhA. 124.—2. bursting forth, effulgence (pabhā°) J. I, 83. - 3. produce, revenue D. I, 227. (Page 687)

— or —

Samudāya, (fr. saṃ+ud+ā+i) multitude, quantity VvA. 175; the whole VvA. 276. (Page 688)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Samudaya in Marathi glossaries]

samudāya (समुदाय).—m (S) corruptly samudāva m A multitude, a collection, a number collected. 2 A whole or aggregate; a mass of particulars or individuals.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samudāya (समुदाय).—m A multitude. An aggregate.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Samudaya in Sanskrit glossaries]

Samudaya (समुदय).—1 Ascent, rising up (of the sun).

2) Rise (in general).

3) A collection, multitude, number, heap; सामर्थ्यानामिव समुदयः संचयो वा गुणानाम् (sāmarthyānāmiva samudayaḥ saṃcayo vā guṇānām) U.6.9.

3) Combination.

4) The whole.

5) Revenue; Ms.7.56 (com. samudayantyutpadyante'smādarthā iti samudayaḥ).

6) Effort, exertion.

7) War, battle; महासमुदयं चक्रे शरैः सन्नतपर्वभिः (mahāsamudayaṃ cakre śaraiḥ sannataparvabhiḥ) Mb.6.116.45.

8) Day.

9) The rear of an army.

1) Finance, account; सर्वं राज्ञः समुदयमायं च व्ययमेव च । एकाऽहं वेद्मि कल्याणि पाण्डवानां यशस्विनि (sarvaṃ rājñaḥ samudayamāyaṃ ca vyayameva ca | ekā'haṃ vedmi kalyāṇi pāṇḍavānāṃ yaśasvini) || Mb.2.233.53.

11) A producing cause; आश्रमेषु चतुर्ष्वाहुर्दममेवोत्तमं व्रतम् । तस्य लिङ्गं प्रवक्ष्यामि येषां समुदयो दमः (āśrameṣu caturṣvāhurdamamevottamaṃ vratam | tasya liṅgaṃ pravakṣyāmi yeṣāṃ samudayo damaḥ) || Mb.5.63.13.

-yam 1 The rising of a planet &c.

2) An auspicious moment (lagna).

Derivable forms: samudayaḥ (समुदयः).

--- OR ---

Samudāya (समुदाय).—

1) A collection, multitude &c.

2) A word of more than one syllable; see समुदय (samudaya).

Derivable forms: samudāyaḥ (समुदायः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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