Samudga, Sāmudga: 12 definitions


Samudga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Samudga (समुद्ग) refers to one of the ten kinds of yamaka, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. Yamaka is one of the four “figures of speech” (alaṃkāra), used when composing dramatic compositions (kāvya).

2) Samudga (समुद्ग) refers to one of the three kinds of vivadha, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Vivadha refers to one of the three limbs of vastu (‘thing’), or “principal parts of songs”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sāmudga (सामुद्ग):—Consuming the medicine both at beginning and also end of the meals.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Samudga (समुद्ग) refers to “beans”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Vaiśākha cotton, gingelly and beans [i.e., samudga] will be injured; the Ikṣvākus, the Yaudheyas, the Śakas and the Kaliṅgas will suffer; but there will be prosperity over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samudga (समुद्ग).—1 Ā.

1) To rise, ascend.

2) To rise together.

3) To come forth, issue, exude.

Derivable forms: samudgam (समुद्गम्).

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Samudga (समुद्ग).—a.

1) Rising, ascending.

2) Completely pervading.

3) Having a covering or lid.

4) Having beans.

-dgaḥ 1 A covered box or casket; शुक्लंश्चन्दनकल्कांश्च समुद्गेष्वव- तिष्ठतः (śuklaṃścandanakalkāṃśca samudgeṣvava- tiṣṭhataḥ) Rām.2.91.75; चित्तादर्शं निधातुं महितमिव सतां ते समुद्गायमाने । वृत्ताकारे विधत्तां हृदि मुदमजितस्यानिशं जानुनी नः (cittādarśaṃ nidhātuṃ mahitamiva satāṃ te samudgāyamāne | vṛttākāre vidhattāṃ hṛdi mudamajitasyāniśaṃ jānunī naḥ) || Viṣṇupāda. S.19.

2) A round form of a temple.

3) A kind of artificial stanza; Kāv.3.54-56; see समुद्गक (samudgaka) below.

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Sāmudga (सामुद्ग).—A joint with cup-like socket e. g. the shoulder-joint, hip-joint.

-dgam Medicine taken before and after a meal.

Derivable forms: sāmudgaḥ (सामुद्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudga (समुद्ग).—mfn.

(-dgaḥ-dgā-dgaṃ) 1. Who or what rises or goes up. 2. Who or what pervades entirely. 3. Having a cover or lid. 4. Having beans. m.

(-dgaḥ) 1. A casket, a covered box. 2. A stanza in which two or more of the Padas correspond in sound, though in a different sense. E. sam and ud before gam to go, aff. ḍa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudga (समुद्ग).—i. e. I. sam-ud-ga, adj. 1. Who or what rises. 2. Who or what pervades. Ii. sa-mudga, m. A covered box, a casket.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudga (समुद्ग).—[masculine] tip, point (only —°); a small round box (also ka [masculine]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samudga (समुद्ग):—a m. (of doubtful derivation; for sam-udga See below) the point of a bud (in arka-s q.v.)

2) a round box or casket (said to be also n.; ifc. f(ā). ), [Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) a round form of a temple, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) (in [rhetoric]) a kind of paronomasia (in which a verse or part of a verse identical in sound but different in meaning is repeated), [Kāvyādarśa iii, 54-56]

5) [=sam-udga] [from samud-gam] b mfn. (for samudga See above) going up or rising together, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Sāmudga (सामुद्ग):—m. ([from] samudga; cf. mudga) a joint with a socket like a cup (e.g. the shoulder-joint, hip-joint), [Suśruta]

7) n. medicine taken before and after a meal (and, as it were, enclosing the food), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudga (समुद्ग):—[samu-dga] (dgaḥ) 1. m. A casket, a covered box; a stanza whose parts are alike in sound but not in sense. a. Rising up, pervading completely.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sāmudga (सामुद्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāmugga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samudga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samudga (ಸಮುದ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] a small container having a lid; a casket.

2) [noun] (pros.) repetition of any of the two lines in a verse.

3) [noun] (dance.) blowing up of the closed lip.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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