Nish, Ṅīṣ, Niś, Niṣ: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Nish means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṅīṣ and Niś and Niṣ can be transliterated into English as Nis or Nish, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṅīṣ (ङीष्).—Fem. afix ई (ī), which is udatta, applied to words in the class of words headed by गौर (gaura), as also to noun bases ending in affixes marked with.mute ष् (), as also to words mentioned in the class headed by बहुः (bahuḥ) cf. P.IV.1.41-46.It is also added in the sense of 'wife of' to any word denoting a male person; cf. P. IV. 1. 48, and together with the augment आनुक् (ānuk) (आन् (ān)) to the words इन्द्र, वरुण (indra, varuṇa) etc e.g. इन्द्राणी, वरुणानि, यवनानि (indrāṇī, varuṇāni, yavanāni) meaning 'the script of the Yavanas' cf. P. IV. 1.49. It is also added words ending in क्रीत (krīta) and words ending in क्त (kta) and also to words expressive of ' limbs of body ' under certain conditions; cf. P.IV.1. 50-59 and IV. 1.61-65.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niś (निश्).—1 P. (neśati) To lose oneself in abstract meditation, meditate upon.

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Niś (निश्).—f. (This word is optionally substituted for niśā in all cases after acc. dual; it has no forms for the first five inflections).

1) Night.

2) Turmeric.

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Niṣ (निष्).—1 Ā. (neṣate) To moisten, wet.

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Nis (निस्).—ind.

1) As a prefix to verbs it implies separation (away from, outside of), certainty, completeness or fulness, enjoyment, crossing over, transgressing &c.; (for examples see under (nir).

2) As a prefix to nouns, not directly derived from verbs, it forms nouns or adjectives, and has the sense of (a) 'out of', 'away from'; as in निर्वन, निष्कौशाम्बि (nirvana, niṣkauśāmbi); or (b) more usually, 'not', 'without', 'devoid of' (having a privative force); निःशेष (niḥśeṣa) 'without a remainder'; निष्फल, निर्जल (niṣphala, nirjala), &c. N. B. In compound the स् (s) of निस् (nis) is changed to र् (r) before vowels and soft consonants (see nir), to a visarga before sibilants, to श् (ś) before च् (c) and छ् (ch), and to ष् () before क् (k) and प् (p); cf. दुस् (dus).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṇiś (णिश्).—[ṇiśa] r. 1st cl. (neśati praṇeśati) To meditate profoundly.

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Ṇiṣ (णिष्).—[ṇiṣa] r. 1st cl. (u) ṇiṣu (neṣati) To sprinkle, to shed as water.

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Ṇis (णिस्).—[(i) ṇisi] r. 2nd cl. (niṃste praṇiṃste) To kiss: the change of ṇa after a preposition is optional in the derivatives. adā-aka-seṭ idit .

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Niś (निश्).—f. (-niṭ) 1. Night. 2. Turmeric. see niśā. nitarāṃ śyati tanūkaroti vyāpārān śo-ka-pṛṣo0 .

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Niṣ (निष्).—[(u) niṣu] r. 1st. cl. (neṣati) To sprinkle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niś (निश्).— i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To meditate profoundly.

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Niś (निश्).—probably curtailed niśā, f. Night, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 60.

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Niṣ (निष्).— i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To sprinkle. niṣaṅga niṣaṅga i. e. ni-sañj + a m. A quiver, Mahābhārata 4, 1693.

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Nis (निस्).—adv. (ved.), and preposition, Outward, out, forth. I. Combined and compounded with verbs and their derivatives. Ii. Compounded with nouns, and implying: 1. Out of, e. g. nirvana, Being out of a forest, Mahābhārata 5, 863. 2. Negation, No, without, e. g. niranukrośa, 1. m. No compassion = mercilessness, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 19, 21. 2. adj. Without mercy = merciless, 2, 34, 11 Gorr. nirjīva, 1. m. Death, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 15. 2. adj. Without life, Mahābhārata 7, 1954.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niś (निश्).—[feminine] night.

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Nis (निस्).—[preposition] out of, away from ([ablative]), mostly °— as [preposition] or neg. [prefix] (cf. 2 a) in subst. & adj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niś (निश्):—[from niḥ] 1. niś for nis (q.v.) before c, ch.

2) Niṣ (निष्):—[from niḥ] a for nis (q.v.) before k, kh; p, ph.

3) Nis (निस्):—[from niḥ] a ind. out, forth, away etc. (rarely used as an independent word e.g. [Atharva-veda vi, 18, 3; vii, 115, 3; xvi, 2, 1], but mostly as a prefix to verbs and their derivatives cf. niḥ- √kṣi etc. below, or to nouns not immediately connected with verbs, in which case it has the sense, ‘out of’, ‘away from’ cf. nirvana, niṣ-kauśāmbi etc. or that of a privative or negative adverb = 3 a, ‘without’, ‘destitute of’, ‘free from’, ‘un-’ cf. nir-artha, nir-mala etc., or that of a strengthening particle ‘thoroughly’, ‘entirely’, ‘very’ cf. nih-śūnya, niṣ-kevala, nir-muṇḍa; it is liable to be changed to niḥ, nir, niś, niṣ, and ; cf. above and below).

4) Niś (निश्):—a for nis, in [compound] See p. 542, col. 3.

5) 2. niś [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] neśati, to meditate upon, be absorbed in meditation, [Dhātupāṭha xvii, 73.]

6) 3. niś f. (occurring only in some weak cases as niśi, śas, śau, śos [and niḍbhyas, [Pāṇini 6-1, 63]], for or with niśā, and [probably] connected with nak, nakta; cf. also dyu-, mahā-) night, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Śakuntalā] etc.

7) niśi niśi, every night, [Manu-smṛti iv, 129.]

8) Niṣ (निष्):—1. niṣ for nis in [compound] See p. 542, col. 3.

9) 2. niṣ [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] neṣati, to moisten, sprinkle, [Dhātupāṭha xvii, 49.]

10) Nis (निस्):—b See p. 543, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṇiś (णिश्):—neśati 1. a. To meditate profoundly, or abstractedly.

2) Ṇiṣ (णिष्):—neṣati a. To meditate closely.

3) Ṇis (णिस्):—[(la, i-ṅa) niṃste] 2. d. To kiss.

4) Niś (निश्):—(niṭ) 5. f. Night.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nish in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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