Nyasa, aka: Nyāsa; 9 Definition(s)


Nyasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “terminal note” in Indian music, and is one of the ten characteristics (gati) of the jāti (melodic class), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is also known as nyāsagati or nyāsasvara. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.99-100, “nyāsa occurs at the conclusion of the song (lit. limb) and is of twenty-one kinds”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Nyāsa (न्यास).—A Saimhikeya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The word Nyāsa (न्यास) is derived from the prefix ni (‘below’, ‘under’) and the verbal root as (‘to throw’, to project)—from which the verb nyas, nyāsati, to throw, to project, is derived along with the masculine substantive nyāsa, translated as ‘putting down or in, placing, fixing, insertingm applying... drawing, painting, writing down... depositing, intrusting, delivering... mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to tutelary deities’.’

Source: Google Books: Tantric Mantras

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A grammatical treatise by Vimalabuddhi. It is also called Mukhamattadipani. Vimalabuddhi Thera also wrote a glossary on it. Gv.72; Bode, op. cit., 21; see also Svd.1240.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Nyasa in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nyāsa : (m.) a mortgage; pawn.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

nyāsa (न्यास).—m S Placing, depositing, fixing; esp. the setting down of the figures of a calculation to be made; the infixing or establishing by charms and spells of divinity (as upon arrows, darts &c.); laying up (in the mind or memory). 2 Certain religious ceremonies consisting in putting the fingers in various forms. See mahānyāsa, laghunyāsa, ṣaḍaṅga- nyāsa &c. 3 Renouncing, rejecting, abandoning. See karmanyāsa, phalanyāsa, sarvanyāsa &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nyāsa (न्यास).—m Placing. Certain religious ceremonies consisting in putting the fingers in various forms. Renoun- cing, rejecting.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—1 Placing, putting down or upon, planting, तस्या खुरन्यासपवित्रपांसुम् (tasyā khuranyāsapavitrapāṃsum) R.2.2; Ku.6.5; M.2.9; Māl.5.5; चरणन्यास, अङ्गन्यास (caraṇanyāsa, aṅganyāsa) &c.; सैन्दूरं क्रियते जनेन चरण- न्यासैः पुनः कुट्टिमम् (saindūraṃ kriyate janena caraṇa- nyāsaiḥ punaḥ kuṭṭimam) Ratn.1.1.

2) Hence, any impression, mark, stamp, print; अतिशस्त्रनखन्यासः (atiśastranakhanyāsaḥ) R.12.73; 'where the nail-marks surpassed those of weapons'; दन्तन्यासः (dantanyāsaḥ).

3) Depositing.

4) A pledge, deposit; प्रत्यर्पित- न्यास इवान्तरात्मा (pratyarpita- nyāsa ivāntarātmā) Ś.4.22; R.12.18; Y.2.67.

5) Entrusting, committing, giving over, delivering, consigning.

6) Painting, writing down.

7) Giving up, resigning, abandoning, relinquishing; शस्त्र° (śastra°); न्यासो दण्डस्य भूतेषु (nyāso daṇḍasya bhūteṣu) Bhāg.7.15.8; काम्यानां कर्मणां न्यासं संन्यासं कवयो विदुः (kāmyānāṃ karmaṇāṃ nyāsaṃ saṃnyāsaṃ kavayo viduḥ) Bg.18.2.

8) Bringing forward, adducing.

9) Digging in, seizing (as with claws).

1) Assignment of the various parts of the body to different deities, which is usually accompanied with prayers and corresponding gesticulations.

11) Lowering the tone or voice.

12) संन्यास (saṃnyāsa) q. v.; एवं वसन् गृहे कालं विरक्तो न्यासमास्थितः (evaṃ vasan gṛhe kālaṃ virakto nyāsamāsthitaḥ) Bhāg. 9.6.53.

13) Written or literal text (yathānyāsam).

14) Bringing forward, introducing (cf. arthāntaranyāsa).

Derivable forms: nyāsaḥ (न्यासः).

--- OR ---

Nyāsa (न्यास).—&c. See under न्यस् (nyas).

See also (synonyms): nyāsin.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 106 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṅganyāsa (अङ्गन्यास).—[aṅgeṣu mantra- bhedasya nyāsaḥ] touching the limbs of the body with the...
Garbhanyāsa (गर्भन्यास).—1) laying the foundation. 2) the foundations. Derivable forms: garbhan...
Padanyāsa (पदन्यास).—1) stepping, tread, step. 2) a foot-mark. 3) position of the feet in a par...
Nyāsāpahāra (न्यासापहार, “misappropriation”) refers to one of the five transgressions (aticara)...
Karmanyāsa (कर्मन्यास).—renunciation of the result of religious acts. Derivable forms: karmanyā...
Arthāntaranyāsa (अर्थान्तरन्यास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentio...
Śastranyāsa (शस्त्रन्यास).—laying down arms; so शस्त्र (śastra) (pari) त्यागः (tyāgaḥ). Derivab...
Iṣṭakānyāsa (इष्टकान्यास).—laying the foundation of a house. Derivable forms: iṣṭakānyāsaḥ (इष्...
Vyastanyāsa (व्यस्तन्यास).—a. rumpled (as a couch). Vyastanyāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Nyāsaharaṇa (न्यासहरण) refers to “untruth told for the sake of making away with a pledge” (e.g....
Khuranyāsa (खुरन्यास).—prints of hoof; तस्याः खुरन्यासपवित्रपांसुम् (tasyāḥ khuranyāsapavitrapā...
Caraṇanyāsa (चरणन्यास).—a footstep. Derivable forms: caraṇanyāsaḥ (चरणन्यासः).Caraṇanyāsa is a ...
Bījanyāsa (बीजन्यास).—making known the germ of the plot of a play. Derivable forms: bījanyāsaḥ ...
Lipinyāsa (लिपिन्यास) or Lipīnyāsa (लिपीन्यास).—the art of writing or transcribing. Derivable f...
Patranyāsa (पत्रन्यास).—inserting feathers (into an arrow). Derivable forms: patranyāsaḥ (पत्रन...

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