Nyasa, Nyāsa: 37 definitions


Nyasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “ritualistic touching of the body in various parts” and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] with the mantra ‘Yāmiṣum’ etc. the Nyāsa (ritualistic touching of the body in various parts) shall be performed. The offering of fragrance shall be performed endearingly with the mantra ‘Adhyavocat’ etc. The Nyāsa of the deity shall be performed with the mantra ‘Asau Jīva’ etc. The rite of approaching the deity (upasarpaṇa) shall be performed with the mantra ‘Asau Yovasarpati’ etc.”.

Nyāsa is also mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the Nyāsa rite shall be duly performed and the Aṅganyāsa of the two hands shall also be performed. The devotee shall perform meditation with the six-syllabled mantra—Om namaśśivāya”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nyāsa (न्यास).—A Saimhikeya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “terminal note” in Indian music, and is one of the ten characteristics (gati) of the jāti (melodic class), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is also known as nyāsagati or nyāsasvara. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.99-100, “nyāsa occurs at the conclusion of the song (lit. limb) and is of twenty-one kinds”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Nyāsa (न्यास).—lit. position, placing;a word used in the sense of actual expression or wording especially in the sūtras; cf. the usual expression क्रियते एतन्न्यास एव (kriyate etannyāsa eva) in the Mahābhāșya, cf. M. Bh. on I. 1.11, 1.1.47 etc.;

2) Nyāsa.—A name given by the writers or readers to works of the type of learned and scholarly commentaries on vŗitti-type-works on standard sūtras in a Śāstra; e. g. the name Nyāsa is given to the learned commentaries on the Vŗtti on Hemacandra's Śabdānuśasana as also on the Paribhāşāvŗtti by Hemahamsagani. Similarly the commentary by Devanandin on Jainendra grammar and that by Prabhācandra on the Amoghāvŗtti on Śākatāyana grammar are named Nyāsa. In the same way, the learned commentary on the Kāśikāvŗtti by Jinendrabuddhi, named Kāśikāvivaranapaňjikā by the author, is very widely known by the name Nyāsa. This commentary Nyāsa was written in the eighth century by the Buddhist grammarian Jinendrabuddhi, who belonged to the eastern school of Pānini's Grammar. This Nyāsa has a learned commentary written on it by Maitreya Rakșita in the twelfth century named Tantrapradipa which is very largely quoted by subsequent grammarians, but which unfortunately is available only in a fragmentary state at present. Haradatta, a well-known southern scholar of grammar has drawn considerably from Nyāsa in his Padamañjarī, which also is well-known as a scholarly work.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “purification”, representing one of the possible preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Each act in a pūjā is not only physical and/or mental, but also symbolic, cosmic, and spiritual. Sprinkling, sipping, and bathing are symbolic of purification, of the worshipped as well as of the worshipper and the surroundings. Various offerings [viz., nyāsa] symbolize the surrendering of one’s latent tendencies (vāsanā) as expressed in thoughts, words, and deeds.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to:—Touching various parts of the body and at the same time pronouncing a mantra and visualizing a devata or a bīja mantra in order to spiritualize the body of the worshiper. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nyāsa (न्यास):—Indrawing

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “depositions” (i.e., the ‘projections’ of letters and mantras onto the body).—The goddess of each transmission is enveloped by twenty-seven depositions [i.e., nyāsa]. This is a way of saying that the sonic body of the goddess of each of the transmissions is the transmission—Krama—that is the sequence of mantras—Krama—of which it consists. This accords with the manner in which the Krama is presented in the Siddhakhaṇḍa. There each Krama consists of each of the three Kramas and each of these, in their turn, consists of all three. Thus there are twenty-seven Kramas, the mantras of which the Siddhakhaṇḍa presents systematically in full for the Transmission of the Child. These correspond to a series of twenty-seven projections (nyāsa) of letters and mantras onto the body. As usual, these are deposited on the body to purify it and so prepare it to receive the Kramas inwardly and worship them externally. In this way the adept’s body is transformed into that of the goddess of all the Kramas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “installation of mantras on the body”, and formed a part of the Navarātra Tantric ritual (an autumnal festival of the warrior goddess Caṇḍikā).—On Mahāṣṭamī is the worship of the Nine Durgās, the eight mothers, the sixty-four Yoginīs, purification of the gross elements, installation of mantras on the body (nyāsa); [...] Goddess is believed to morph into a more uncontrollable presence requiring constant placation.—Various 8th century sources refer to rituals such as bhūtaśuddhi, for example: Devīpurāṇa, Kālikāpurāṇa, Kṛtyakalpataru, Durgābhaktitaraṅgiṇī, Durgāpūjātattva, Durgāpūjāviveka, Bhadrakālīmantravidhiprakaraṇa in Sanderson (2007); account of the Durgā Pūjā in Kelomal, West Bengal (Nicholas 2013).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Nyāsa (न्यास) (Cf. Vinyāsa) refers to the “installation” (of the houses), according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“[...] The installation of the houses (nyāsagṛhāṇāṃ svecchayā nyāsaḥ) is according to the wishes [of the patron]. There should be a [door for] entry and exit to the north. [The houses] may have one, two, or three floors, or as is pleasing. Externally, [the building] is surrounded by a long hall. In the eastern side of the building is the place for worship. One should install the kitchen and so forth as appropriate. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “writing down the equation”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—After an equation (samīkaraṇa or samīkāra) is formed, writing it down for further operations is technically called nyāsa (putting down, statement) of the equation. In the Bakhshali treatise the two sides of an equation are put down one after the other in the same line without any sign of equality being interposed. [...] The operation to be performed on an equation nest to its statement (nyāsa) is technically known as samaśodhana or simply śodhana.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “placement of mantra” (and the name of the afflicted person on the maṇḍala).—In the Tantric context, nyāsa does not leave any visible markings at all. Here the Mantrin uses his hands, formed into specialized gestures (mudrās), to place mantras onto the body. It is only when mantras are written on the maṇḍala that one can see the mantras with the physical eye. Both the visible and non-visible mantras transform the physical world that they interact with because the deities they call forth are inherent within them. These deities are embodied within the mantras and can therefore protect the bodies of practitioners from the epidemics and illnesses inflicted upon them by demons. Like the deities and the mantras, these demons too are invisible but physical.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to one of the thirteen Jātis or “proper combination of two grāmas (in Indian music), according to the Kallinātha’s commentary Kalānidhi on the Saṃgītaratnākara.—In the Nāṭyaśāstra, jātis are broadly divided into two types viz., śuddhā and vikṛtā. The Saṃgītaratnākara also agrees on it. But in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the reference about the types of jātis is not found. The Saṃgītaratnākara accepts thirteen kinds of characteristic features of jātis. For example: Nyāsa, which is also accepted by the Nāṭyaśāstra.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “making a mental concentration on the deities” and represents one of the elements of Newar rituals.—Books such as the Daśakarmavidhi detail on the most common rules to be followed by the Newar priests, the priest’s clients, or the clan’s oldest men or women who are mostly ritually responsible for the ritual, and the individual(s) for whom the life-cycle ritual is performed.—The Nyāsa rite is mentioned under the heading “Preliminary rites”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1a) Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “concentrating (the powers of mantras)”, as discussed in the twelfth chapter of the Jayākhyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra Āgama text composed of 4500 verses in 33 chapters dealing with topics such as mantra (formulas), japa (repetitions), dhyāna (meditations), mudrā (gesticulations), nyāsa (concentrations) etc.—Description of the chapter [mantra-nyāsa-vidhi]:—If one practices nyāsa-concentrations during the disciplined repetition of mantras, he will achieve great spiritual as well as mundane rewards (1-3). The detailed instructions for undertaking nyāsa-concentrations of the mantra’s powers into one’s own body are given step-by-step (4-38a). [...]

1b) Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “strengthening oneself (with mantra powers)”, as discussed in chapter 4 (Kriyākāṇḍa) of the Pārameśvarasaṃhitā: an important Pāñcarātra text of 8700 verses followed closely by the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam—dealing with priestly concerns such as their daily routines, occasional liturgies and expiatory services.—Description of the chapter [mantra-nyāsa-vidhi]: [...] This brief chapter turns to an explanation of how nyāsa, such as is enjoined upon the aspiring worshipper, is to be done. Nyāsa is a spiritual undertaking wherein mantras are chanted to invoke God's Presence while mudrā-gestures indicate what aspect of God’s Personality is concentrated in what part of the body of  the believer (4-44a).

2) Nyāsa (न्यास) or Nyāsamudrā refers to one of the fifty-three Mudrās (ritual hand gestures) described in chapter 22 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [mudrālakṣaṇa-vidhi]: Brahmā asks the meaning, uses and varieties of mudrā-gestures. Bhagavān says these finger movements are ways to fend off evil and to prevent those taking pleasure in harming others. Furthermore, they please the Lord-so long as they are demonstrated in private (1-5a). He then names and describes 53 mudrā-gestures: [e.g., nyāsa (23b-24)] [...]

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context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Tantric Mantras

The word Nyāsa (न्यास) is derived from the prefix ni (‘below’, ‘under’) and the verbal root as (‘to throw’, to project)—from which the verb nyas, nyāsati, to throw, to project, is derived along with the masculine substantive nyāsa, translated as ‘putting down or in, placing, fixing, insertingm applying... drawing, painting, writing down... depositing, intrusting, delivering... mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to tutelary deities’.’

Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to the “assignment of alphabets” representing one of the various preparatory rites performed before pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—Nyāsa is the assignment of alphabets, parts of mantras, word divisions, etc. to various parts of the body, thus believed to be invested with divine power and made secure. The tradition of nyāsa seems to be of Tantric origin. Nyāsa mainly serves to make the devotee’s body divine and thereby fit for worship. As part of the smārtapūjā-nyāsa is not performed by all.

In the first series of nyāsa on the limbs (aṅga-nyāsa) the sixteen verses of the Puruṣa-sūkta (Ṛgveda 10.90) are assigned to sixteen limbs of the worshipper’s body (left and right hand and foot, left and right knee, left and right hip, navel, heart, throat, left and right arm, mouth, eyes and head). In the second series of nyāsa on five limbs, which optionally may substitute the first series or may be performed in addition to it, the last five verses of the Puruṣa-sūkta are assigned to three places of the body: Heart, head, tuft of the hair and are pronounced “for the armour” and “for the weapon”.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A grammatical treatise by Vimalabuddhi. It is also called Mukhamattadipani. Vimalabuddhi Thera also wrote a glossary on it. Gv.72; Bode, op. cit., 21; see also Svd.1240.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “abandonment (of attachment)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Tolerance of anger and humility towards pride, moreover straightforwardness towards deception [and] abandonment of attachment [com.saṃga-nyāsa], these are the enemies of desire respectively. Yogis continually drive away desire and dislike through equanimity or through the state of non-attachment , and they drive away wrong faith through the application of right faith”.

Synonyms: Saṃnyāsa, Saṃtyāga.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Yale Journal of Music & Religion: Ritual Music in Contemporary Brahmanical Tantric Temples of Kerala

Nyāsa (न्यास) refers to “fixing alphabets” (in the various parts of one’s body) which is commonly performed by the priests of a Temple.—In Tantras, the concept of creating bodies by means of sound is known for its association with mantras and nyāsa. It has been seen that the priest, through alphabets and mantras, creates a new purified and divinized sound body that allows him to worship gods. The Tantrasamuccaya (V.14–15) clearly says that the priest has to fix alphabets (nyāsa) in the various parts of his body in order to shape a new body made of letters. It instructs him to visualize all the letters of the Devanāgarī alphabet in the cakra of the heart as a spring of nectar and to imagine that such nectar falls over his head and spreads to all his limbs.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nyāsa : (m.) a mortgage; pawn.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nyāsa (न्यास).—m S Placing, depositing, fixing; esp. the setting down of the figures of a calculation to be made; the infixing or establishing by charms and spells of divinity (as upon arrows, darts &c.); laying up (in the mind or memory). 2 Certain religious ceremonies consisting in putting the fingers in various forms. See mahānyāsa, laghunyāsa, ṣaḍaṅga- nyāsa &c. 3 Renouncing, rejecting, abandoning. See karmanyāsa, phalanyāsa, sarvanyāsa &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nyāsa (न्यास).—m Placing. Certain religious ceremonies consisting in putting the fingers in various forms. Renoun- cing, rejecting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—1 Placing, putting down or upon, planting, तस्या खुरन्यासपवित्रपांसुम् (tasyā khuranyāsapavitrapāṃsum) R.2.2; Kumārasambhava 6.5; M.2.9; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.5; चरणन्यास, अङ्गन्यास (caraṇanyāsa, aṅganyāsa) &c.; सैन्दूरं क्रियते जनेन चरण- न्यासैः पुनः कुट्टिमम् (saindūraṃ kriyate janena caraṇa- nyāsaiḥ punaḥ kuṭṭimam) Ratnāvalī 1.1.

2) Hence, any impression, mark, stamp, print; अतिशस्त्रनखन्यासः (atiśastranakhanyāsaḥ) R.12.73; 'where the nail-marks surpassed those of weapons'; दन्तन्यासः (dantanyāsaḥ).

3) Depositing.

4) A pledge, deposit; प्रत्यर्पित- न्यास इवान्तरात्मा (pratyarpita- nyāsa ivāntarātmā) Ś.4.22; R.12.18; Y.2.67.

5) Entrusting, committing, giving over, delivering, consigning.

6) Painting, writing down.

7) Giving up, resigning, abandoning, relinquishing; शस्त्र° (śastra°); न्यासो दण्डस्य भूतेषु (nyāso daṇḍasya bhūteṣu) Bhāgavata 7.15.8; काम्यानां कर्मणां न्यासं संन्यासं कवयो विदुः (kāmyānāṃ karmaṇāṃ nyāsaṃ saṃnyāsaṃ kavayo viduḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.2.

8) Bringing forward, adducing.

9) Digging in, seizing (as with claws).

1) Assignment of the various parts of the body to different deities, which is usually accompanied with prayers and corresponding gesticulations.

11) Lowering the tone or voice.

12) संन्यास (saṃnyāsa) q. v.; एवं वसन् गृहे कालं विरक्तो न्यासमास्थितः (evaṃ vasan gṛhe kālaṃ virakto nyāsamāsthitaḥ) Bhāg. 9.6.53.

13) Written or literal text (yathānyāsam).

14) Bringing forward, introducing (cf. arthāntaranyāsa).

Derivable forms: nyāsaḥ (न्यासः).

--- OR ---

Nyāsa (न्यास).—&c. See under न्यस् (nyas).

See also (synonyms): nyāsin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—m. (1) threshold, door-sill: Mahāvyutpatti 5571 = Tibetan them pa; (2) one of the arts, presumably = nyasana, and perhaps nikṣepa, qq.v., hence working out mathemat- ical problems (?): Divyāvadāna 3.18; 26.12; 58.17; 100.2; 441.28 (in a cliché quoted s.v. nikṣepa); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.20.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. A deposit, a pledge. 2. Deserting, abandoning. 3. Delivering, presenting. 4. Mental delivering, consigning or entrusting any thing to the mind. 5. Mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to tutelary divinities. accompanied with certain prayers and gesticulations. 6. Painting, stamp, mark. 7. Bringing forward. 8. Seizing. (with the claws.) E. ni before, as to throw or cast away, aff. karmaṇi, bhāve vā ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—i. e. ni- 2. as + a, m. 1. Planting (as the foot), [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 31, 60. 2. Striking in, seizing with, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 73. 3. Seizing with one’s claws, Mahābhārata 12, 552. 4. Putting on, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 8, 15. 5. Writing down, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 170. 6. Laying aside, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 87, 2; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 2. 7. A deposit, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 67.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास).—[masculine] putting in, placing, settling; putting down, writing, painting; depositing, deposit, pledge ([jurisprudence]); giving up, abandoning, renunciation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Nyāsa (न्यास) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] See Kāśikāvṛttinyāsa, Anunyāsa, Bālabodhinīnyāsa, Mahānyāsa, Śiṣyahitānyāsa. Quoted in Gaṇaratnamahodadhi, in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti, by Ujjvaladatta, Rāyamukuṭa, Mallinātha, Bharatasena on Bhaṭṭikāvya 14, 63,
—[commentary] on Abhidhānacintāmaṇi Oxf. 185^b. A Nyāsa is also alluded to by Māgha 2, 112.

2) Nyāsa (न्यास):—a gloss on Śākaṭāyana’s grammar. Rice. 308.

3) Nyāsa (न्यास):—[dharma] Oppert. 6515. 6750 (Nyāsakhaṇḍa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nyāsa (न्यास):—[=ny-āsa] [from ny-as] a m. putting down or in, placing, fixing, inserting, applying, impressing, drawing, painting, writing down, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (cf. akṣara-, khura-, caraṇa-, nakha-, pada-., pāda-., bīja-, rekhā-)

2) [v.s. ...] putting away, taking off, laying aside, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Daśakumāra-carita; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. deha-, śarīra-, śastra-)

3) [v.s. ...] abandoning, resigning, [Upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] depositing, intrusting, delivering

5) [v.s. ...] any deposit or pledge, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] written or literal text (cf. yathā-nyāsam), [Patañjali]

7) [v.s. ...] lowering (the voice), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

8) [v.s. ...] (in music) the final tone

9) [v.s. ...] bringing forward, introducing (cf. arthāntara.)

10) [v.s. ...] consigning or intrusting anything to the mind, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to tutelary deities, [Religious Thought and Life in India 205 etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce works., ([especially]) of a [commentator or commentary] on [Kāśikā-vṛtti]

13) [=ny-āsa] b etc. See under ny-as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास):—(saḥ) 1. m. A deposit or pledge; a deserting; a delivering to another or to memory.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nyāsa (न्यास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nyasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nyāsa (न्यास) [Also spelled nyas]:—(nm) a trust; deposit; arrangement; ~[dhārī] a trustee.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nyāsa (ನ್ಯಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the act of an instance of putting down or in.

2) [noun] the condition of being given or held as security for a contract, payment, etc.; pledge.

3) [noun] that by which something is done or obtained.

4) [noun] a touching of different parts of one’s body ritualistically while meditating or worshipping.

5) [noun] a manner, kind or sort.

6) [noun] a bequest, gift or deposit of a sum of money, that provides an income for an institution or person; an endowment.

7) [noun] a body of a few persons given with the nominal ownership of a property, money, etc. that is to be kept, used or administered for another’s benefit or for the purpose meant by the owner of the property or money; a trust.

8) [noun] an explanation or translation, of a technical or unusual text; a gloss.

9) [noun] a relatively long fictional prose narrative with a more or less complex plot or pattern of events, about actions, feelings, motives, etc. of a group of characters; a novel.

10) [noun] (mus.) the note with which a composition or rendering of a rāga is brought to an end.

11) [noun] the breadth or width of a thing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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