Nisarga, Nisharga: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Nisarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nisarg.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nisarga (निसर्ग) refers to “natural state” (i.e., the natural characteristic one is born with), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O sage, listen to another surprising influence of the penance of Pārvatī, the mother of the universe. [...] Lions and cows prone to the passions of love, hatred etc. ceased to harass one another, thanks to her greatness. O excellent sage, creatures like cats, mice etc. who are born enemies [i.e., nisarganisargādvairiṇo] to one another did not exhibit any bad characteristics there. O excellent sage, trees bore fruits, grasses grew in plenty and flowers of variegated nature and colour blossomed there. The entire forest became comparable to Kailāsa as it were the achievement of her penance”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Nisarga (निसर्ग) refers to “approval of de-meritorious” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as nisarga) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

2) Nisarga (निसर्ग) refers to “urging” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the non-living beings (ajīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.

Nisarga is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Nisarga (निसर्ग).— What is meant by ‘urging’ (nisarga)? Inclination, to act is called ‘urging’ (nisarga). It is of three types, namely:

  1. intention of mind,
  2. intention of speech,
  3. intention of body.

Wicked behaviour of the mental faculty is called ‘mental urge’. Wicked behaviour of the speech faculty is called ‘speech urge’. Wicked behaviour of the body is called ‘body urge’.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Nisarga (निसर्ग, “intuition”).—What is right faith (samyagdarśana) attained by intuition (nisarga)? The right faith developed by one without the guidance or sermons of others i.e. self originated is called nisarga. What is the difference between nisarga and adhigama? Nisarga is self-originated, while the origin of adhigama is dependent on some direct cause (nimitta).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nisarga (निसर्ग).—m S The natural state; the peculiar character or condition; nature.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nisarga (निसर्ग).—m The natural state. Nature.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग).—

1) Bestowing, granting, presenting, giving away; न चाधेः कालसंरोधान्निसर्गोऽस्ति न विक्रयः (na cādheḥ kālasaṃrodhānnisargo'sti na vikrayaḥ) Ms.8.143.

2) A grant.

3) Evacuation, voiding excrement.

4) Abandoning, relinquishing.

5) Creation; प्रजा निसर्गाद् विप्रान् वै क्षत्रियाः पूजयन्ति ह (prajā nisargād viprān vai kṣatriyāḥ pūjayanti ha) Mb.14.58.5.

6) Nature, natural character, natural state or condition; निसर्ग दुर्बोधम् (nisarga durbodham) Ki.1.6;18.31; R.3.35; Ku.4.16; निसर्गतः, निसर्गेण (nisargataḥ, nisargeṇa) 'by nature', or 'naturally'.

7) Exchange, barter.

Derivable forms: nisargaḥ (निसर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. The natural state, nature, peculiar character or condition. 2. Form. 3. Creation. 4. Relinquishment, abandoning. 5. Transfer, barter. 6. Voiding excrement. E. ni before, sṛj to create, or to abandon, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग).—i. e. ni-sṛj + a, m. 1. Evacuation of excrements, Mahābhārata 12, 7951. 2. Giving away, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 143. 3. Grant, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10033. 4. Creation, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 543. 5. The natural state, peculiar character, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग).—[masculine] evacuation, discharging ([especially] of the body); giving forth, ceding, granting, bestowing; dismission, creation; natural state or character, nature; °—, [instrumental], & [ablative] by nature, originally.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣarga (निषर्ग):—[=ni-ṣarga] [wrong reading] for ni-sarga.

2) Nisarga (निसर्ग):—[=ni-sarga] m. (√sṛj) evacuation, voiding excrement, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] giving away, granting, bestowing, a favour or grant, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] relinquishing, abandoning, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] creation, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] natural state or condition or form or character, nature (nisarga [in the beginning of a compound], geṇa ind., gāt ind., or ga-tas ind. by nature, naturally, spontaneously), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग):—[ni-sarga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. Natural state or condition, nature; form; creation; leaving; barter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nisarga (निसर्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇisagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nisarga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nisarga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nisarga (निसर्ग) [Also spelled nisarg]:—(nm) nature; ~[ja] natural; innate, inborn; spontaneous; ~[ta]: spontaneously, naturally; ~[siddha] natural; spontaneous; innate, inborn.

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