Nishedha, Nisedha, Niṣedha: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nishedha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣedha can be transliterated into English as Nisedha or Nishedha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nishedh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Niṣedha (defence): the Mukula hand enclosed by the Kapittha hand. Patron deity Tumburu. Usage: establishing the conclusion of an argument, truth, saying “Verily”, holding the nipples, aṅga-pūja.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Niṣedha (निषेध).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Obstruction to one’s desired object is called Opposition (niṣedha).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Niṣedha (निषेध) refers to the “prohibiting of inimical acts”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Niṣedha (निषेध, “prohibition”) is one of the five divisions of subject-matter of the Vedic, Puranic and Tantric literature according to Mīmāṃsā philosophy.—The opposite of an injunction or vidhi. A prohibition or negative precept which proscribes doing a thing which is either injurious or disadvantageous.

These are of two types:—

  1. Paryudāsa—a prohibition that applies to the person who is undertaking to perform a yajña.
  2. Pratiṣedha—a prohibition of general applicability.
context information

Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Niṣedha (निषेध).—Negation; prohibition; cf निषे-धपञ्चसूत्रीयं स्वरार्था (niṣe-dhapañcasūtrīyaṃ svarārthā) Bhasavrtti on P. II. 2.16; cf. निषेधाश्च बलीयांसः (niṣedhāśca balīyāṃsaḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 112. The word प्रतिषेध (pratiṣedha) is used frequently in this sense in old grammar works such as the Mahabhasya, the word निषेध (niṣedha) being comparatively a modern one.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Niṣedha.—(LP), same as vyāṣedha (q. v.). Note: niṣedha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishedha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nisedha : (m.) prevention; prohibition; holding back.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nisedha, (adj. -n.) (fr. ni+sedh) holding back, restraining; prevention, prohibition Dh. 389; DhA. IV, 148; hirī° restrained by shame S. I, 168=Sn. 462; Dh. 143. (Page 374)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niṣēdha (निषेध).—m (S) Prohibition or interdiction. 2 Denial or disallowal: negativing or refusing. niṣēdhamukhēṃ By negatives--describing &c. dvau niṣēdhau vidhiṃ bōdhayata: Two negatives make an affirmative.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niṣēdha (निषेध).—m Prohibition or interdiction. Denial or disallowing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—

1) Prohibition, warding or keeping off, stopping, prevention.

2) Negation, denial.

3) The particle of negation. द्वौ निषेधौ प्रकृतार्थं गमयतः (dvau niṣedhau prakṛtārthaṃ gamayataḥ)

4) A prohibitive rule (opp. vidhi)

5) Deviation from a rule, exception.

Derivable forms: niṣedhaḥ (निषेधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Prohibition, negation. 2. Stop, discontinuance. 3. Contrariety to or deviation from rule, irregularity, exception. 4. Negation. 5. A prohibitive rule or precept (In religious law). E. ni before, sida to complete, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—i. e. ni-sidh + a, m. Keeping off, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 1. 2. Prohibition, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 1, 50. 3. Negation, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 106, 10, v. r.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—[masculine] keeping off, probition (also na [neuter]); denial, negation, contradiction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣedha (निषेध):—[=ni-ṣedha] [from ni-ṣidh] m. warding or keeping off, hindering, prevention, prohibition, [Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] contradiction, negation, denial, [Śakuntalā vii, 20/21] ([varia lectio] for vi-vāda), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 1, 8]

3) [v.s. ...] discontinuance, exception, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] (with aṅgirasām etc.) Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध):—[ni-ṣedha] (dhaḥ) 1. m. Prohibition, prevention, stop; exception to rule.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Niṣedha (निषेध):—(wie eben) m. gaṇa suṣāmādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 98.]

1) Abwehr, Abweisung, Verhinderung, Verbot [Halāyudha 5, 48.] [Suśruta 1, 9, 20. 11, 1. 4.] niṣedhe pyaheḥ kartavye [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 1.] kurvāṇā bhaktiśīlaśrīniṣedhaṃ mūrdhadhūnanaiḥ [6, 12.] kṛt [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 88, 18.] aśeṣaviśeṣamāyā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 4, 28.] praveśasya [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 50.] pūrvasūtrasyaivāyaṃ niṣedhaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 3, 58,] [Scholiast] kakāro guṇavṛddhiniṣedhārthaḥ [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 67. 1, 1, 58. 2, 45.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 32] [?(COLEBR. 28), 14. 16. Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 219] (nikhedha gedr.). [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 201.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 285.] vidhi, niṣedha Gebot, Verbot [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 20, 27.] vidhiniṣedhatā [7, 15, 61.] dvau niṣedhau prakṛtyarthaṃ gamayataḥ so v. a. zwei Negationen bejahen [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 10, 6.] das Verneinen, Widersprechen [Śākuntala 106, 10, v. l.] für vivāda . —

2) Name verschiedener Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 221.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 15, 9, 11. 19, 7, 1.] [LĀṬY. 7, 4, 1. 8, 10.]

--- OR ---

Niṣedha (निषेध):—

1) definirt [KUVALAY. 154,b.] Negation [SARVADARŚANAS. 52, 16. 105, 12. fgg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Niṣedha (निषेध):—m.

1) Abwehr , Abweisung , Verhinderung , Verbot.

2) Negation [Indische sprüche 7804.] —

3) das Verneinen , Wiedersprechen. vivāda v.l. —

4) in Verbindung mit aṅgirasām u.s.w. Namen von Sāman [Ārṣeyabrāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishedha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध) [Also spelled nishedh]:—(nm) a taboo; prohibition, ban, negation; ~[vāda] negativism; ~[vādī] negativistic; a negativist; -[vidhi] negative rule, forbidding rule; -[vṛtti] negativism, negativitic attitude; hence ~[ka] (nm); ~[na] (nm).

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