Nishedha, Nisedha, Niṣedha: 24 definitions


Nishedha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niṣedha can be transliterated into English as Nisedha or Nishedha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nishedh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Niṣedha (defence): the Mukula hand enclosed by the Kapittha hand. Patron deity Tumburu. Usage: establishing the conclusion of an argument, truth, saying “Verily”, holding the nipples, aṅga-pūja.

Source: Natya Shastra

Niṣedha (निषेध).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Obstruction to one’s desired object is called Opposition (niṣedha).

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Niṣedha (निषेध) refers to one of the thirteen Saṃyuktahastas or “combined hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.—The word niṣedha means prohibition. In the niṣedha posture mukula hand covers the kapittha hand and this posture is used in reducing, throwing and pressing.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Niṣedha (निषेध) refers to the “prohibiting of inimical acts”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Niṣedha (निषेध, “prohibition”) is one of the five divisions of subject-matter of the Vedic, Puranic and Tantric literature according to Mīmāṃsā philosophy.—The opposite of an injunction or vidhi. A prohibition or negative precept which proscribes doing a thing which is either injurious or disadvantageous.

These are of two types:—

  1. Paryudāsa—a prohibition that applies to the person who is undertaking to perform a yajña.
  2. Pratiṣedha—a prohibition of general applicability.
Mimamsa book cover
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Niṣedha (निषेध).—Negation; prohibition; cf निषे-धपञ्चसूत्रीयं स्वरार्था (niṣe-dhapañcasūtrīyaṃ svarārthā) Bhasavrtti on P. II. 2.16; cf. निषेधाश्च बलीयांसः (niṣedhāśca balīyāṃsaḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 112. The word प्रतिषेध (pratiṣedha) is used frequently in this sense in old grammar works such as the Mahabhasya, the word निषेध (niṣedha) being comparatively a modern one.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Niṣedha (निषेध) refers to a “refutation” (of a philosophical concept), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.1.2.—Accordingly, “What conscious Self could produce either a refutation (niṣedha) or a demonstration [of the existence] of the agent, the knowing subject, the always already established Self, the Great Lord?”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nishedha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Niṣedha (निषेध) refers to “forbidding someone” (from entering the apartment), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.13 (“The birth of Gaṇeśa”).—Accordingly, after Gaṇeśa prevented Śiva: “On seeing him Śiva said ‘O foolish fellow, whom are you forbidding (niṣedha) [prāha kaṃ niṣedhasi]? O wicked knave, don’t you know me? I Śiva, none else’ Thereupon Gaṇeśa beat Śiva with the staff. Śiva expert in various sports became infuriated and spoke to his son thus. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Niṣedha.—(LP), same as vyāṣedha (q. v.). Note: niṣedha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishedha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nisedha : (m.) prevention; prohibition; holding back.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nisedha, (adj. -n.) (fr. ni+sedh) holding back, restraining; prevention, prohibition Dh. 389; DhA. IV, 148; hirī° restrained by shame S. I, 168=Sn. 462; Dh. 143. (Page 374)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niṣēdha (निषेध).—m (S) Prohibition or interdiction. 2 Denial or disallowal: negativing or refusing. niṣēdhamukhēṃ By negatives--describing &c. dvau niṣēdhau vidhiṃ bōdhayata: Two negatives make an affirmative.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niṣēdha (निषेध).—m Prohibition or interdiction. Denial or disallowing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—

1) Prohibition, warding or keeping off, stopping, prevention.

2) Negation, denial.

3) The particle of negation. द्वौ निषेधौ प्रकृतार्थं गमयतः (dvau niṣedhau prakṛtārthaṃ gamayataḥ)

4) A prohibitive rule (opp. vidhi)

5) Deviation from a rule, exception.

Derivable forms: niṣedhaḥ (निषेधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Prohibition, negation. 2. Stop, discontinuance. 3. Contrariety to or deviation from rule, irregularity, exception. 4. Negation. 5. A prohibitive rule or precept (In religious law). E. ni before, sida to complete, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—i. e. ni-sidh + a, m. Keeping off, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 1. 2. Prohibition, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 1, 50. 3. Negation, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 106, 10, v. r.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध).—[masculine] keeping off, probition (also na [neuter]); denial, negation, contradiction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣedha (निषेध):—[=ni-ṣedha] [from ni-ṣidh] m. warding or keeping off, hindering, prevention, prohibition, [Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] contradiction, negation, denial, [Śakuntalā vii, 20/21] ([varia lectio] for vi-vāda), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 1, 8]

3) [v.s. ...] discontinuance, exception, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] (with aṅgirasām etc.) Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध):—[ni-ṣedha] (dhaḥ) 1. m. Prohibition, prevention, stop; exception to rule.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niṣedha (निषेध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiseha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nishedha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nishedha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niṣedha (निषेध) [Also spelled nishedh]:—(nm) a taboo; prohibition, ban, negation; ~[vāda] negativism; ~[vādī] negativistic; a negativist; -[vidhi] negative rule, forbidding rule; -[vṛtti] negativism, negativitic attitude; hence ~[ka] (nm); ~[na] (nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niṣēdha (ನಿಷೇಧ):—

1) [noun] the act of rejecting with disapproval or denial; repudiation.

2) [noun] a social, religious or governmental prohibition or interdiction of anything; exclusion from use, consumption or practice; taboo.

3) [noun] (gram.) the negative mood of verbs, that indicate absence of action.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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