Nihshanka, Niḥśaṅka: 9 definitions



Nihshanka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niḥśaṅka can be transliterated into English as Nihsanka or Nihshanka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nihshanka in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क) means “freedom from fear” and refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (e.g., Pūjyapāda, Samantabhadra, Cāmuṇḍarāya, Somadeva and Amṛtacandra). This meaning is preferred by Samantabhadra (Ratna-karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra verse 1.2), who sees in it a determination “rigid as the temper of steel” to follow the path of righteousness, and by Cāmuṇḍarāya, who lists the seven types of fear (bhaya) in his Caritrasāra.

Amṛtacandra (Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 23), however, prefers to interpret niḥśaṅka as freedom from doubt about the truths proclaimed by the Jina. Somadeva offers both explanations: doubt, in his view, would mean an inability to choose between one doctrine and another, one vow andanother, and one divinity and another.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihshanka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niḥśaṅka (निःशंक).—See niśśaṅka.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nihshanka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क).—a. Free from fear, careless, secure.

-ṅkam ind. Fearlessly, easily; निःशङ्कं दीयते लोकैः पश्य भस्मचये पदम् (niḥśaṅkaṃ dīyate lokaiḥ paśya bhasmacaye padam).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क).—mfn.

(-ṅkaḥ-ṅkā-ṅkaṃ) Fearless. E. nir and śaṅkā apprehension.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क).—[adjective] fearless, not afraid of (—°), confident; °— & [neuter] [adverb]

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Niḥśaṅkā (निःशङ्का).—[feminine] fearlessness; [instrumental] = [preceding] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क):—[=niḥ-śaṅka] [from niḥ] mf(ā)n. free from fear or risk, not afraid of ([compound])

2) [v.s. ...] careless, secure, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc. (also nikita, [Pañcatantra])

3) [=niḥ-śaṅka] [from niḥ] m. (in music) a kind of measure or dance

4) Niḥśaṅkā (निःशङ्का):—[=niḥ-śaṅkā] [from niḥ-śaṅka > niḥ] f. absence of fear or hesitation

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क):—[niḥ-śaṅka] (ṅkaḥ-ṅkā-ṅgaṃ) a. Fearless.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क):—(nis + śaṅkā) adj. f. ā frei von Besorgniss, furchtlos, der Nichts zu befürchten hat, kein Bedenken habend [Harivaṃśa 3741.] [Rāmāyaṇa.5,38,39.] [?ad Bhartṛhari.3,4 bei Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s und WEBER. Kathāsaritsāgara 22,197. Pañcatantra 24,13. (ed. orn. 21,5). 124,1. Hitopadeśa II,94. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 21,15. Vetālapañcaviṃśati in Lassen’s Anthologie.4,15. Sāhityadarpana 34,1. Oxforder Handschriften 91,b,9.] antarātman [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 101, 32.] manas [Pañcatantra 213, 24.] (vraṇaḥ) rohati ca niḥśaṅkaḥ so v. a. ohne Weiteres [Suśruta 2, 14, 9.] wobei man Nichts zu besorgen —, Nichts ängstlich zu bedenken braucht: niḥśaṅkāṅgavikarṣaṇa [Bhartṛhari 1, 25.] śaṅkam adv. ohne Zagen, unbesorgt, ohne sich ängstlich zu bedenken, ohne Weiteres [Mahābhārata 1, 3012.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 15, 24.] [Bhartṛhari 3, 15.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 4.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 257.] [Pañcatantra I, 299.] abhiṣicyatām [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 189.] ruroda [2, 43.] am Anfange eines comp. ohne Casuszeichen: niḥśaṅkasupta unbesorgt —, ruhig schlafend [Spr. 406.]

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Niḥśaṅkā (निःशङ्का):—f. Abwesenheit aller Scheu: niḥśaṅkayā ohne alle Scheu, ohne Bedenken [Spr. 2079.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Niḥśaṅka (निःशङ्क):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) frei von Besorgniss , furchtlos , der Nichts zu befürchten hat , — von (im Comp. vorangehend) [232,10]), kein Bedenken habend. m und niḥśaṅka Adv. ohne Zagen , unbesorgt , ohne sich ängstlich zu bedenken , ohne Weiteres. — b) wobei man Nichts zu besorgen — , Nichts ängstlich zu bedenken hat. ( vraṇaḥ) rohati ca niḥśaṅkaḥ so v.a. (die Wunde) heilt ohne Weiteres.

2) m. — a) ein best. Tact [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 214.] — b) eine Art Tanz [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 260.]

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Niḥśaṅkā (निःशङ्का):—f. Abwesenheit aller Scheu. Instr. ohne alle Scheu , ohne Bedenken.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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