Nirvriti, Nirvṛti: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nirvriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirvṛti can be transliterated into English as Nirvrti or Nirvriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvriti in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—The son of Dhṛṣṭā(i) (Vṛṣṇi, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) the righteous, and father of Daśārha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 40.

1b) The son of Sunetra, ruled for 58 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 26.

1c) A son of Dhṛṣṭa and father of Vidūratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 39-40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f.

1) Satisfaction, happiness, pleasure, bliss; व्रजति निर्वृतिमेकपदे मनः (vrajati nirvṛtimekapade manaḥ) V.2.9; R.9.38;12.65; Ś.7.19; Śi.4.64;1.28; Ki.3.8.

2) Tranquillity, rest, repose; न जातु बाला लभते स्म निर्वृतिं तुषारसंघातशिलातलेष्वपि (na jātu bālā labhate sma nirvṛtiṃ tuṣārasaṃghātaśilātaleṣvapi) Ku.5.55; Pt.1.21.

3) Final emancipation or liberation from worldly existence; द्वारं निर्वृतिसद्मनो विजयते कृष्णेति वर्णद्वयम् (dvāraṃ nirvṛtisadmano vijayate kṛṣṇeti varṇadvayam) Bv.4.14.

4) Completion, accomplishment,

5) Freedom.

6) Disappearance; death, destruction.

Derivable forms: nirvṛtiḥ (निर्वृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f. (parallel to nirvṛta, q.v.; already in Sanskrit extinction, of fire, so e.g. Mahāvastu i.66.9; also bliss, happiness, [Page305-a+ 71] in worldly sense, so e.g. Mahāvastu i.293.8), (1) like Pali nibbuti (see Childers) = nirvāṇa (Pali nibbāna); so even in Sanskrit of Jains, Ind. St. 14.385: Mahāvastu iii.418.11; Lalitavistara 38.1 (verse); 46.17 (verse); 245.11 (prose); 355.22 (verse); (2) also like Pali nibbuti (see especially Childers), destruction, annihilation; but in Pali cited only of destruction of evils, whereas app. in Mahāvastu i.134.2—3 used of good things: phala-nirvṛty-apari- kāṅkṣiṇaḥ (of Bodhisattvas), not desiring extinction of the Fruits; v.l. °apratikāṅkṣ°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f. (-ti) 1. Final emancipation from existence. 2. Death. 3. Happiness. 4. Rest, repose, tranquillity, ceasing or abstaining from. 5. Setting, departure, disappearance. 6. Completion, accomplishment, conclusion. E. nir affirmative particle, vṛ to choose, affix bhāve ktin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—i. e. nis-vṛ + ti, f. 1. Tranquillity, Mahābhārata 12, 4114. 2. Happiness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 71. 3. Pleasure, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—[feminine] extinction, tranquillity, happiness, bliss; poss. mant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—[=nir-vṛti] [from nir-vṛ] f. complete satisfaction or happiness, bliss, pleasure, delight, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] emancipation, final beatitude (= nir-vāṇa), [Bhāminī-vilāsa] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 137])

3) [v.s. ...] attainment of rest, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] extinction (of a lamp), [Kādambarī]

5) [v.s. ...] destruction, death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for 1. nir-vṛtti, [Hitopadeśa iv, 6/7]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vṛṣṇi, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—[nir-vṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Final absorption, death, happiness; repose; setting; cessation; completion.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—(von var mit nis)

1) f. a) innere Zufriedenheit, Wohlbehagen, Glückseligkeit, Wonne, Entzücken; = sukha [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1370.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 271. 272] (wo fälschlich mukha gedruckt ist). [Medinīkoṣa t. 120.] = susthitatva [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 161.] = susthiti [Medinīkoṣa] = saustha (d. i. sausthya) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] nirvṛtīrvedanāni ca [Mahābhārata 2, 893.] vicārya khalu paśyāmi tatsukhaṃ yatra nirvṛtiḥ [12, 4114.] hṛdayasya [Nalopākhyāna 22, 3.] (arājake janapade) vedānnādhīyate viprā na ca vindate nirvṛtim [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 69, 16.] ārtāḥ prajā naravyāghra kva nu yāsyanti nirvṛtim [3, 71, 7.] [Suśruta 2, 348, 16.] na brahma saṃsmarasi nirvṛtimeṣi kena [Bhartṛhari 3, 71.] [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 37] sa prāpa priyāliṅgananirvṛtim [12, 65.] [Śākuntala 178.] svargādadhikataraṃ nirvṛtisthānam [100, 17] (die richtige Lesart für nirvṛtti). [Vikramorvaśī 28.] sānandāmiva nirvṛtim [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 205.] ratinivṛtī [?16, 123. 26, 283. Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 325. Pañcatantra 5, 9. I, 383. Vetālapañcaviṃśati in Lassen’s Anthologie 31, 12. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 6, 7. 3, 15, 50. 5, 1, 41. 4, 4. 14, 17. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 23, 108. Prabodhacandrodaja 89, 4] (wo mit der v.l. so st. nivṛtti zu lesen ist). [95, 4.] [Śiśupālavadha 4, 64.] Hieher viell. auch [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 42, 2. 138, 2.] Nach FOUCAUX Erlösung. Vgl. citta . — b) Erlösung (nirvāṇa, mokṣa) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 74.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — c) das zur - Ruhe - Kommen (= nivṛtti) bhūmyambuvāyujaiḥ pittaṃ kṣipramāpnoti nirvṛtim [Suśruta 1, 152, 12]; vgl. das gleichbedeutende śama in der vorangehenden und folgenden Zeile. — d) Untergang, Tod (astaṃgamana, mṛtyu) [Medinīkoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] Durch Tod übersetzt [BURNOUF] das Wort [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 30, 4. fg.], doch scheint hier Bed. 1. besser zu passen. — e) Ungezogenheit [Hitopadeśa 110, 20.] Falsche Form für nirvṛtti, wie die v.l. hat. —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Harivaṃśa 1206.] eines Sohnes des Vṛṣṇi [Viṣṇupurāṇa 422.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 3.]

--- OR ---

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—

1) a) mano [Spr. 2279.] nātinirvṛtyā [Kathāsaritsāgara 119, 49.] Am Schluss, im [Rgva tch’er rol pa] Erlösung. — Vgl. pari .

--- OR ---

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—

1) b) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 1, 5. 3, 154.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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