Nirvriti, Nirvṛti: 14 definitions


Nirvriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirvṛti can be transliterated into English as Nirvrti or Nirvriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvriti in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—The son of Dhṛṣṭā(i) (Vṛṣṇi, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) the righteous, and father of Daśārha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 40.

1b) The son of Sunetra, ruled for 58 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 26.

1c) A son of Dhṛṣṭa and father of Vidūratha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 39-40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति) [=Nirvṛtti?] refers to “liberation”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] The lokadharmadīkṣā is a Śaiva ritual [and therefore] proceeds contrary to established [practice] (i.e. the Brahmanical order), but also conforms to worldly religion. Either [the Ācārya] should purify all [karma] or only not purify the dharma (i.e. the auspicious karma); [then the initiate] is dedicated to [the accumulation of] dharma through mundane observances, and having enjoyed this [dharma] he proceeds to liberation (nirvṛtibhuktvā nirvṛtiṃ vrajet). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति) refers to “supreme bliss” (of Akula), according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.10cd-15.—Accordingly, “The supreme (reality) attained by the teacher's Command is Akula that bestows worldly benefits and liberation. It is pure consciousness free of the impurity of Māyā. The omnipresent and tranquil Void—that is said to be Akula. Akula’s supreme bliss (nirvṛtijāyate nirvṛtiḥ parā) arises within consciousness. Its state, which is two-fold, is (now) going to be explained. Listen. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f.

1) Satisfaction, happiness, pleasure, bliss; व्रजति निर्वृतिमेकपदे मनः (vrajati nirvṛtimekapade manaḥ) V.2.9; R.9.38;12.65; Ś.7.19; Śiśupālavadha 4.64;1.28; Kirātārjunīya 3.8.

2) Tranquillity, rest, repose; न जातु बाला लभते स्म निर्वृतिं तुषारसंघातशिलातलेष्वपि (na jātu bālā labhate sma nirvṛtiṃ tuṣārasaṃghātaśilātaleṣvapi) Kumārasambhava 5.55; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.21.

3) Final emancipation or liberation from worldly existence; द्वारं निर्वृतिसद्मनो विजयते कृष्णेति वर्णद्वयम् (dvāraṃ nirvṛtisadmano vijayate kṛṣṇeti varṇadvayam) Bv.4.14.

4) Completion, accomplishment,

5) Freedom.

6) Disappearance; death, destruction.

Derivable forms: nirvṛtiḥ (निर्वृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f. (parallel to nirvṛta, q.v.; already in Sanskrit extinction, of fire, so e.g. Mahāvastu i.66.9; also bliss, happiness, [Page305-a+ 71] in worldly sense, so e.g. Mahāvastu i.293.8), (1) like Pali nibbuti (see Childers) = nirvāṇa (Pali nibbāna); so even in Sanskrit of Jains, Ind. St. 14.385: Mahāvastu iii.418.11; Lalitavistara 38.1 (verse); 46.17 (verse); 245.11 (prose); 355.22 (verse); (2) also like Pali nibbuti (see especially Childers), destruction, annihilation; but in Pali cited only of destruction of evils, whereas app. in Mahāvastu i.134.2—3 used of good things: phala-nirvṛty-apari- kāṅkṣiṇaḥ (of Bodhisattvas), not desiring extinction of the Fruits; v.l. °apratikāṅkṣ°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—f. (-ti) 1. Final emancipation from existence. 2. Death. 3. Happiness. 4. Rest, repose, tranquillity, ceasing or abstaining from. 5. Setting, departure, disappearance. 6. Completion, accomplishment, conclusion. E. nir affirmative particle, vṛ to choose, affix bhāve ktin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—i. e. nis-vṛ + ti, f. 1. Tranquillity, Mahābhārata 12, 4114. 2. Happiness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 71. 3. Pleasure, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति).—[feminine] extinction, tranquillity, happiness, bliss; poss. mant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—[=nir-vṛti] [from nir-vṛ] f. complete satisfaction or happiness, bliss, pleasure, delight, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] emancipation, final beatitude (= nir-vāṇa), [Bhāminī-vilāsa] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 137])

3) [v.s. ...] attainment of rest, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] extinction (of a lamp), [Kādambarī]

5) [v.s. ...] destruction, death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for 1. nir-vṛtti, [Hitopadeśa iv, 6/7]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vṛṣṇi, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति):—[nir-vṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Final absorption, death, happiness; repose; setting; cessation; completion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirvṛti (निर्वृति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivvui.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirvṛti (ನಿರ್ವೃತಿ):—

1) [noun] complete satisfaction or happiness; blessedness.

2) [noun] emancipation; final beatitude.

3) [noun] a release or being released;freedom;liberty;4. death; destruction.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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