Muraja, aka: Murajā; 6 Definition(s)


Muraja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Muraja (मुरज) refers to “drums” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “Vajrekṣaṇa, Śaṅkukarṇa and Mahāgrāmaṇī are said to be gods of Murajas (drums). Mṛdaṅgas are so called because of being made of mṛt (earth), and they are called Bhāṇḍas because they bhramayati (move about). Murajas are so called because they are placed in an upright position (ūrdhvakaraṇa), and they are called Ātodya because of relating to todanā (striking).”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Muraja in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Muraja (मुरज) refers to a “musical instruments” (a sort of drum) that existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Nīlamata says that the land of Kaśmīra was thronged with ever-sportive and joyful people enjoying continuous festivities. Living amidst scenes of sylvan beauty they played, danced and sang to express their joys, to mitigate their pains, to please their gods and to appease their demons.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

An inhabitant of Rammavati. He was a previous birth of Bodhi upatthayaka Thera. Ap.i.194.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Muraja in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

muraja : (m.) a tambourine.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Muraja, (cp. Epic. & Class. Sk. muraja, Prk. murava: Pischel, Prk. Gr. § 254) 1. a small drum, tambourine J. V, 390; Vv 353 (=bheri VvA. 161); 8418 (=mudinga VvA. 340); SnA 370.—2. a kind of girdle Vin. II, 136. (Page 539)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muraja (मुरज).—[murāt veṣṭanāt jāyate jan-ḍa]

1) A kind of drum or tabor; सानन्दं नन्दिहस्ताहतमुरजरव (sānandaṃ nandihastāhatamurajarava) &c. Māl.1.1; संगीताय प्रहतमुरजाः (saṃgītāya prahatamurajāḥ) Me.66,58; M.1.22; Ku.6.4.

2) A stanza artificially arranged in the form of a drum; also called मुरजबन्ध (murajabandha), see K. P.9 ad loc.

Derivable forms: murajaḥ (मुरजः).

--- OR ---

Murajā (मुरजा).—

1) A large drum.

2) Name of Kubera's wife.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Murajaphala (मुरजफल).—m. (-laḥ) The jack-fruit tree, (Artocarpus integrifolia.)
Mahā-muraja.—(ASLV), a musical instrument. Note: mahā-muraja is defined in the “Indian epigraph...
Prahatamuraja (प्रहतमुरज).—a. having drums beaten; resounding with the beating of drums; संगीता...
Loka (लोक).—[, see aloka.]
Bhaṇḍa (भण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) A mime, a jester, a buffoon, an actor. E. bhaḍi to deride, &c. af...
Kuṭapa (कुटप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. A saint, a divine sage or Muni. 2. A garden or grove near a house. ...
Ambara (अम्बर).—(1) m., garment (recorded only as nt. in Sanskrit and Pali): LV 92.16 (verse) ...
Ātodya.—(EI 23), music. Note: ātodya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can...
Murava (मुरव).—m. or nt. (= AMg. id.; compare Sanskrit, Pali muraja), a kind of drum (in cpds. ...
Thera. An Arahant. Eighteen kappas ago he was born in Rammavati under the name of Muraja and pa...
Samalekha (समलेख) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣ...
1. Rammavati. The birthplace of Kondanna Buddha (J.i.30; Bu.iii.25). There Bodhiupatthayaka T...
Svarūpānugata (स्वरूपानुगत) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of ...

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