Murali, Mūrali: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Murali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Murli.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Flute Playing Lord"

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Muralī (मुरली) refers to:—One of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s flutes that is thirty-six inches long, has four holes on its body and a mouthpiece at the end, and produces a very enchanting sound. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Murali or Venu refers to a type of musical instrument, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Murali or Venu is a flute made, as its name indicates, from a thin and hollow bamboo. In a piece of bamboo, suitably chosen, holes are bored in proper places. By blowing in the hole which is near the closed end and stopping one or more of the other holes with the fingers as required, music of a very high standard of perfection is often elicited from this simple instrument.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Muralī (मुरली) refers to a musical instrument classified as Suṣira (“those instruments which are filled with holes (and is hollow from inside)”) which represents one of the four kinds of Instrumental Music, produced by an instrument (ātodya), according to the Saṃgītaratnākara.—The suṣira kind of instrument is also known as wind instrument. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, instruments like flute etc. fall under the group of suṣira kind of instrument. In the Saṃgītaratnākara, different kinds of wind instruments are mentioned, e.g., muralī.

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Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muralī (मुरली).—f (S & H) A flute. 2 C The instrument commonly called iḷī.

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muraḷī (मुरळी).—f A female dedicated to the god khaṇḍōbā. 2 C The instrument commonly called iḷī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muralī (मुरली).—f A flute.

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muraḷī (मुरळी).—f A female dedicated to the god khaṇḍōbā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muralī (मुरली).—A flute, pipe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Murali (मुरलि).—f. (-lī) A flute, a pipe. E. mura surrounding, to get or have, affs. ka and ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muralī (मुरली).—f. A flute.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muralī (मुरली):—[from murala] a f. See below.

2) [from murala] b f. a flute, pipe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muralī (मुरली):—(lī) 3. f. A flute or pipe.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Muralī (मुरली) [Also spelled murli]:—(nf) flute, pipe; ~[dhara] a flute-player, piper; an epithet of Lord Krishna ~[manohara] Lord Krishna.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Murali (ಮುರಲಿ):—[noun] a musical wind instrument consisting of a tube with a series of fingerholes along its length, played, holding it transversely, by blowing the wind through a whole near the closed end; a flute.

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Muraḷi (ಮುರಳಿ):—[noun] = ಮುರಲಿ [murali].

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Muraḷi (ಮುರಳಿ):—[noun] a kind of grass.

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Murāli (ಮುರಾಲಿ):—[noun] a kind of ornament for an elephant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Murali (முரலி) noun See முரளி [murali], 1. (W.)

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Muraḷi (முரளி) noun < muraḷī.

1. Flute or pipe made of bamboo; வேய்ங்குழல். (சதுராகராதி) [veynguzhal. (sathuragarathi)]

2. A small flute, blown by the nose; மூக்கால் வாசிக்குஞ் சிறுகுழல். [mukkal vasikkugn siruguzhal.] (W.)

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Mūrali (மூரலி) [mūralittal] 11 intransitive verb < மூரல். [mural.] To laugh, smile; புன்முறுவல் செய்தல். மூரலித்த முகத்தினன் [punmuruval seythal. muralitha mugathinan] (உபதேசகாண்டம் அயமுகி. [upathesagandam ayamugi.] 61).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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