Ruta, Rūta: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Ruta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ruta (रुत) refers to the “language” (spoken by the Devas, Nāgas, Yakṣas and Gandharvas), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 22, v2).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, O Subhūti, the Bodhisattva-mahāsattva in the ninth ground (sādhumatī-bhūmi) must completetly fulfill twelve dharmas. What are these twelve? [...] The knowledge of the languages [i.e., ruta-jñāna] spoken by the Devas, Nāgas, Yakṣas and Gandharvas. – This is by virtue of the unhindered modes of expression.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ruta (रुत) (Cf. Brahmasvara) refers to a “language” [?] , according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (43) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Ornaments for body’, the characteristics of a great man and the marks of beauty will be fulfilled; (44) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Ornaments for speech’, by the voice of Brahmā (brahmasvara-ruta), the thoughts of all beings will be pleased; (45) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Ornaments for thought’, they will never give up their concentration; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ruta : (pp. of ravati) made a noise; cried. (nt.), cry of an animal. (pp. of rudati), cried; lamented.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rūta, at J. III, 276 read ruta (q. v.). (Page 574)

— or —

Ruta, (nt.) (pp. of ravati: see rava & ravati) noise, sound‹-› (ing); cry, singing Th. 1, 1103; J. I, 207 (T. reading ruda is explained in C. as ruta with °da for °ta: ta-kārassa dakāro kato); III, 276 (sabba-ruta-jānana-manta: spell of knowing all animal-sounds; T. reads rūta; cp. sabbarāva-jānana J. III, 415); VI, 475 (rudaññu=ruta-jña C.; same meaning); Miln. 178 (sakuṇa-ruta-ravita); VvA. (karavīka°). (Page 573)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruta (रुत).—p. p. [ru-kta]

1) Sounded.

2) Broken to pieces.

-tam A cry, yell, roar, sound or noise in general; neigh (of horses), note (of birds), humming (of bees); पक्षि°, हंस°, कोकिल°, अलि° (pakṣi°, haṃsa°, kokila°, ali°); समदशिखिरुतानि (samadaśikhirutāni) Ki.1.25; आमत्तकोकिलरुतव्यथिता (āmattakokilarutavyathitā) Māl.8.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ruta (रुत).—nt. (= Pali id.; in Sanskrit seems to be used only of cries of animals and especially birds; see also next), (1) voice, cry, sound, especially (perhaps exclusively) of any living being, incl. men and notably Buddhas: sattvānāṃ rutāni Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 357.5, of all creatures in the universe; sarva-ruta-kauśalyā- vartāṃ (see āvarta) ca nāma dhāraṇīṃ 475.9; ruta ma- dhura Lalitavistara 421.14 (verse), of Buddha's voice; of the voice or speech of various creatures incl. Buddhas, Bhadracarī 4, 18, 30, 31; snigdharutaiḥ Lalitavistara 173.17 (verse), by sweet sounds, here parallel with rūpa, gandha, rasa, and sparśa, hence may be more general, = -śabda, sound of any sort; rutāni ca divyāni…saṃpravādyetsuḥ Mahāvastu ii.160.18; (2) in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra, and compare Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) i.7 with Lévi's note, used in derogatory sense (Lévi connects it directly with the Sanskrit application of ruta to animal cries), (mere) words, the ‘letter’ as dis- tinguished from the (real, esoteric) meaning (artha): yathā- rutārthābhiniviṣṭānāṃ Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 14.3, attached to the (super- ficial) meaning according to (literal) words; yathārutār- thagrahaṇaṃ na kartavyam bodhisattvena 154.8; de- finition of ruta, physiological speech, 154.14 ff., while in contrast (true, esoteric) artha is defined 154.17 ff.; in sub- stantially the same sense vyañjana, q.v., is commoner.

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Rutā (रुता).—voice, speech: in Lalitavistara 286.20—21 (prose) read, ekarutā-(Lefm. °tāṃ, misprint?)-sarva-ruta-ravaṇī (Lefm. °racanī, v.l. °ramaṇī; our reading proved by Tibetan skad cig gis skad thams cad sgrog pa daṅ, by one speech proclaiming all speech), epithet of the Buddha's voice or speech; this form, in prose, confirms rutā in Mahāvyutpatti 482—3, cited s.v. ravita, despite the fact that the same passage in Sūtral. xii.9, commentary (p.80, lines 19—20) has ruta.

Rutā can also be spelled as Ruta (रुत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruta (रुत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. The cry of birds, &c. 2. The humming of bees. 3. Any cry or noise. E. ru to sound, to make a particular sound, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruta (रुत).—1. [adjective] sounding with (—°); [neuter] roaring, shouting, neighing, singing (of birds), etc.

--- OR ---

Ruta (रुत).—2. [adjective] broken down, ill.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ruta (रुत):—[from ru] 1. ruta mfn. sounded, made to resound, filled with cries (of animals), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. (often [plural]) any cry or noise, roar, yell, neigh (of horses), song, note (of birds), hum (of bees), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

3) [from ru] 2. ruta mfn. broken to pieces, shattered, divided, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

4) a 1. 2. ruta etc. See p. 881, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruta (रुत):—(taṃ) 1. n. Cry of birds; any cry.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ruta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ruta (ರುತ):—

1) [adjective] sounded; uttered; spoken.

2) [adjective] broken into pieces; shattered.

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Ruta (ರುತ):—[noun] the characteristic cry of an animal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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