Rudrani, Rudrāṇī: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rudrani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—Another name of Pārvatī. (For further details see under Pārvatī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—A name of Umā:1 the world of.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 22.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 64. 26.

1b) The Goddess enshrined at Rudrakoṭi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 32.

1c) In 31st Kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Rudrani or Maheshvari refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Maheshvari from Shiva. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi. Then, Maheshvari, who resides in the hearts of all beings, breaths in life and individuality.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Rudrāṇī and Rudrajaṭā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—

1) The wife of Rudra, Name of Pārvatī; रुद्राण्या भगवान् रुद्रो ददर्श स्वगणैर्वृतः (rudrāṇyā bhagavān rudro dadarśa svagaṇairvṛtaḥ) Bhāg.12.1.3.

2) Epithet of a girl 11 years old.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—f. (-ṇī) The goddess Durga, as the wife of Ruda or Siva. E. rudra Siva, ṅīṣ aff., ānuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी).—[feminine] Rudra's wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rudrāṇī (रुद्राणी):—[from rud] f. Rudra’s wife, the goddess Durgā, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a girl eleven years of age (in whom menstruation has not yet commenced, representing the goddess D° at the D° festival), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a species of plant (= rudra-jaṭā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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