Mahidhara, aka: Mahi-dhara, Mahīdhara; 13 Definition(s)
Mahidhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahīdhara (महीधर).—An epithet of Viṣṇu.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 5. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the son of Devadatta and his wife, who was the daughter of King Suśarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7. Devadatta was one of the sons of Govindadatta, a learned Brāhman from Bahusuvarṇaka.
2) Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the name of a merchant (vaṇij) from Lampā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 67. Accordingly as Candrasāra said to Naravāhanadatta: “... a merchant, named Mahīdhara, a resident in that town [Lampā], who knew my family, went and interceded with the king on my behalf, and said: ‘King, this is the son of a great merchant, who lives in the city of Lampā, and, as he is innocent, it is not creditable to your Majesty to keep him in prison’”.
3) Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the name of a Brāhman from Nāgasthala, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 112. Accordingly, as a heavenly voice said to king Malayasiṃha: “... long ago, there lived in a village called Nāgasthala a virtuous Brāhman, of the name of Baladhara, the son of Mahīdhara. When his father had gone to heaven, he was robbed of his wealth by his relations, and being disgusted with the world he went, with his wife, to the bank of the Ganges”.
4) Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the chaplain (purodhas) of Mahendrāditya, a world-conquering king (jagajjayin) from Avanti, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 120. Accordingly, as sage Kaṇva narrated to Naravāhanadatta: “... When some more days had passed, there was born to that king’s minister named Sumati a son, of the name of Mahāmati, and the warder Vajrāyudha had a son born to him, named Bhadrāyudha, and the chaplain Mahīdhara had a son of the name of Śrīdhara. And that prince Vikramāditya grew up with those three ministers’ sons as with spirit, courage and might.”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahīdhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Mahīdhara (महीधर) is one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Mahīdhara was one of the six princes not having the authority to teach.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Mahīdhara (महीधर) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Mahīdhara).Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Mahīdhara (महीधर).—A grammarian of the sixteenth century who, besides many small treatises on other subjects, wrote a commentary on the Sarasvata-Prakriya Vyakarana.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Mahīdhara (महीधर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahīdhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the name of a minister of King Candraprabha according to appendix 6 at Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter IV.—King Candraprabha of Bhadraśilā (according to other sources, King Mahāprahāsa of Vāraṇasī) is renowned for his generosity. The brahmin Raudrākṣa comes to ask him for his head. The ministers Mahācandra and Mahīdhara offer him a head made of precious substances; the brahmin does not accept; the king attaches his hair to a tree and cuts his head off himself to give it to the brahmin.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Mahidhara (महिधर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mahidhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Mahīdhara (महीधर) is the name of a prince and one of the four friends of Jīvānanda: Vṛṣabhanātha’s ninth incarnation (bhava).—Getting out of the bhava of Dhannā, the caravan merchant and crossing over various stages of human existence, Vṛṣabhanātha was born as son of physician Suvidhi. This was Vṛṣabhanātha’s 9th bhava. He was named Jīvānanda. Jīvānanda had four close friends - first was the prince Mahīdhara, second was the son of a trader, third was the son of a minister and fourth the son of a merchant.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Vṛṣabhanātha
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
mahīdhara : (m.) a mountain.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
mahīdhara (महीधर).—m S A mountain. 2 A title of the śēṣa or serpent upholding the earth.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahīdhara (महीधर).—m A mountain.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a mountain; महीधरं मार्गवशादुपेतम् (mahīdharaṃ mārgavaśādupetam) R.6.52; Ku.6.89.
2) an epithet of Viṣṇu.
Derivable forms: mahīdharaḥ (महीधरः).
Mahīdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahī and dhara (धर).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 12 books and stories containing Mahidhara, Mahi-dhara or Mahīdhara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 6: Story of Vanamālā < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 6: Mahāpadma’s adventures in voluntary exile < [Chapter VIII - Śrī Mahāpadmacakricaritra]
Part 17: Ninth incarnation as a physician Jīvānanda < [Chapter I]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 8 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 6 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)