Kajjali, Kajjalī: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Kajjali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

1) Kajjalī and Parpaṭi : Both of them are black sulphide of mercury. The difference between them is the way they are prepared. The preparation of Kajjalī does not involve heating while Parpati is obtained after heating Kajjalī. Parpaṭi is a rasa preparation. Purified mercury and sulphur are thoroughly mixed (triturating) to obtain Kajjalī. Later, prescribed ingredients mentioned in the formula are added one after the other by triturating and kept over fire in the vālukāyantra. Example: Pancāmrita-parpaṭi.

2) Kajjali is made from the amalgamation of sulphur and mercury without adding any other liquid. It’s in the form of very fine black powder.

Source: CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I

Kajjalī is the fine black colored powder obtained by triturating Sulphur (Gandhaka) and Mercury (Pārada) without adding any liquid. (see the Rasataraṅgiṇī 2.27, which is a 16th century alchemical century treatise on Rasaśāstra by Bhānudatta).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Kajjalī (कज्जली) refers to “black sulphide of mercury”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.—Kajjalī means a “black-coloured powder”, but when this word is used in Rasaśāstra, it means black sulphide of mercury prepared from definite proportions of Mercury and Sulphur.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kajjalī (कज्जली):—A Black sulphide of mercury prepared by rubbing the gandhak etc in different proportions with mercury in a mortar and pestle

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kajjalī (कज्जली) refers to a “collyrium girl” and is identified with the sacred site of Varaṇā and the Mātṛkā named Māheśvarī (Śāṅkarī), according to the Mādhavakula and the Devyāyāmala (both Kālī Tantras that prescribe the worship of Kālasaṃkarṣaṇī as the supreme form of Kālī).—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Varaṇā is identified with (a) the class of liquor seller (śuṇḍinī) [or collyrium girl (kajjalī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Māheśvarī (Śāṅkarī), and (c) with the location of ‘heart’.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kajjalī (कज्जली).—f (S) Sulphuret of mercury, Ӕthiops mineral. 2 Medicaments levigated to an impalpable powder resembling kajjala or lamp-black.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kajjalī (कज्जली):—[from kajjala] f. Aethiops Mineralis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ink, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kajjaḷi (ಕಜ್ಜಳಿ):—[noun] a medicinal compound.

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Kajjāli (ಕಜ್ಜಾಲಿ):—

1) [noun] a woman whose complexion is as black as collyrium.

2) [noun] a vile, wicked woman.

3) [noun] a woman inclined or ready to quarrel; a quarrelsome woman.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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