Raudri, aka: Raudrī; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Raudri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Raudrī (रौद्री, “terrible, dreadful”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ रौद्र्यै नमः
oṃ raudryai namaḥ.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Raudri or Maheshvari refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Maheshvari from Shiva. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi. Then, Maheshvari, who resides in the hearts of all beings, breaths in life and individuality.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Raudri in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Raudrī (रौद्री) is the form of Trikalā having a black body representing the energy of Maheśvara (Śiva), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 90. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Raudrī (रौद्री).—A kalā of Rudra and a Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 73; 35. 96.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Raudrī (रौद्री, “cruel”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses the ‘furious sentiment’ (raudrarasa). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Raudrī (रौद्री) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Raudrī has a frequency of 294.3288Hz.

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Raudrī (रौद्री).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing sentiment (rasa);—The pitiless Glance in which the eyeballs are rough, red, raised, and the eyelids are still and the eyebrows knitted, is called Raudrī (cruel), and it is used in the Furious Sentiment.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Raudrī (रौद्री, “terrible”).—Illustration of Raudrī-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is yellow. She holds a vīṇā with both hands. The colour of her bodice is green. Her scarf is rosy with a red design, the lower garment is sky-blue with a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Raudrī) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Raudri (रौद्रि) or Raudra refers to the fifty-fourth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘raudri’ is of horrible appearance, rears cattle, speaks ill of others, is excessively deceitful, gets a bad name, is of vicious heart and is very fierce.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year raudri (2040-2041 AD) will be a rake, perverse, proud and wicked.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Raudrī (रौद्री) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Raudrī and Rudrajaṭā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Raudrī (रौद्री):—One of the six Īśvarī performing the rites of pacification.—The greenish-white leopard-headed Raudrī, holding a trident, is one of a pair of carnivores directing Watery-Fiery prāṇas to and from the Stomach centre, (the western direction) which processes the forceful predatory saṃskāras of mental-emotions, aggression, as well as the general manasic propensities developed by the emotions through sense contact. The carnivores are represented here because they express the energies of the will, and the stalking tendencies associated with ambitious and aggressive activities. These are iḍā in nature because the necessities of the hunt tends to develop the attributes of the mind.

Raudrī, who prāṇically embodies the ambidexterity of the left thumb, directs the most powerful kāma-mamasic prāṇas the Solar Plexus centre has developed to the Stomach centre. The powerful leopard consequently is used to symbolise this prāṇic flow. It is quite capable of seeking out the desirous propensities of mind within the jungles of saṃsāra. The trident allows Raudrī to control the general Watery disposition of the Solar Plexus by means of the attributes of mind.

The counterpart of this pair is Vaiṣṇāvī..

Source: Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Raudrishruti
Raudrīśruti (रौद्रीश्रुति) is another name for raudrī: one of the twenty-two śrutis (pitches) u...
Vajraraudri
Vajraraudrī (वज्ररौद्री) is the name of a deity associated with the syllable “hrīḥ” of the Quas...
Shruti
Śruti (श्रुति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. The Vedas, severally or collectively, scripture, holy writ. 2. An ...
Camunda
Cāmuṇḍā (चामुण्डा) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Puṇḍravardhana: one of the tw...
Shanti
Śānti (शान्ति, “peace”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the thr...
Ruru
Ruru (रुरु).—m. (-ruḥ) 1. A sort of deer. 2. A Daitya flayed by Siva. E. ru to weep, ku aff.
Maheshvari
Māheśvarī (माहेश्वरी) refers to the Ḍākinī of the northern gate in the Medinīcakra, according t...
Kalaratri
Kālarātri (कालरात्रि).—m. (-triḥ) 1. A particular night, one which occurs on the 7th day of the...
Gayatri
1) Gāyatrī (गायत्री) is a most sacred verse of the Ṛgveda which is the duty of every Brāhmaṇa t...
Trikala
Tri-kāla.—(SII 1; SITI), the three parts of the day, viz. morning, noon and evening [when worsh...
Raudra
Raudra (रौद्र).—mfn. (-draḥ-drā or drī-draṃ) 1. Formidable, fearful, terrific 2. Sharp, acute. ...
Drishti
Dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि).—f. (-ṣṭiḥ) 1. The eye. 2. Sight, seeing. 3. Knowledge, wisdom. 4. The sight of ...
Vaishnavi
Vaiṣṇavī (वैष्णवी) refers to the Ḍākinī of the southern gate in the Medinīcakra, according to t...
Samvatsara
Saṃvatsara.—(CII 3; 4; IA 17), ‘a year’; ‘an cra’, the earlier years of the Indian eras being q...
Matri
Mātṛ (मातृ) or Mātṛkā refers to a set of Goddesses.—As has been pointed out by Avalon in the In...

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