Aindri, Aindrī, Aimdri: 18 definitions


Aindri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Diṅmaheśvara (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री) or Māhendrī is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Aindrī) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री).—Indra's town; Amarāvatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 89. 44.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Aindri or Indrani refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Indrani from Indra. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari and Varahi. Then, Indrani is the sovereignty intolerant of opposition and disorder.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4) (shilpa)

Aindri or Indrani refers to the sixth Matrka and is the shakthi of Indra. Her complexion is dark-red. She is seated under the Kalpaka tree. She is depicted as having two or three or a thousand eyes, like Indra. The Indrani is depicted with four arms. In two of her hands she carries the vajra (thunderbolt) and the shakti; while the other two gesture Varada and Abhaya mudra. Sometimes, she is shown holding ankusha (goad) and lotus. She is richly ornamented; and adorned with kirita-makuta. Her vahana as well as the emblem on her banner is the charging elephant. (Devi-purana and Purvakaranagama)

According to the Vishnudharmottara, Indrani should be depicted with thousand eyes; and she should be of golden colour. She should have six arms, four of the hands carrying the sutra, vajra, kalasa (a pot) and patra (a drinking cup) and the remaining hands being held in Abhaya and Varada mudra.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री) is another name for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (colocynth, bitter apple or desert gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.70-72 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Aindrī and Indravāruṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of poison due to donkeys (gardabha), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the 12h adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita adds external and internal antidotes for poisons of various animals [e.g., donkeys (gardabha)] and insects. [...] Accordingly, “A drink of goat’s milk mixed with powdered Trikaṭu, Uśīra, Mustā, lotus, Māṃsī and Padmaka nullifies poison of donkey, etc. A paste or lepa made of Aindrī, turmeric, Śaṅkhapīta leaves and Tānasa is also effective”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री) refers to one of the various Mātṛs and Mahāmātṛs mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Aindrī).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Aindri in India is the name of a plant defined with Amomum subulatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cardamomum subulatum Kuntze (among others).

2) Aindri is also identified with Centella asiatica It has the synonym Hydrocotyle lurida Hance (etc.).

3) Aindri is also identified with Citrullus colocynthis It has the synonym Cucumis colocynthis L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1820)
· Flora Helvetica (1828)
· Revision of North American Umbelliferae (1888)
· Nucleus (1997)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1986)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Aindri, for example side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aindri (ऐन्द्रि).—[indrasyāpatyaṃ-iñ]

1) Name of Jayanta, Arjuna, or Vāli, the monkey-chief.

2) A crow; ऐन्द्रिः किल नखैस्तस्या विददार स्तनौ द्विजः (aindriḥ kila nakhaistasyā vidadāra stanau dvijaḥ) R.12.22.

Derivable forms: aindriḥ (ऐन्द्रिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindri (ऐन्द्रि).—m.

(-ndriḥ) 1. The patronymick of Jayanta the son of Indra. 2. A name of the monkey Bali. 3. A name of Arjuna. 4. A crow. E. indra, iñ patronymick aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindri (ऐन्द्रि).—i. e. indra + i, patron. Offspring of Indra, Mahābhārata 1, 2751.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aindrī (ऐन्द्री):—[from aindra] f. ([scilicet] ṛc) a verse addressed to Indra, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iv; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra vi; Nirukta, by Yāska] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] diś) Indra’s quarter, the east, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] tithi) the eighth day in the second half of the month Mārgaśīrṣa

4) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] śakti) Indra’s energy (personified as his wife and sometimes identified with Durgā), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

5) [from aindra] a species of cucumber, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Caraka]

6) [v.s. ...] Cardamom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] misfortune, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Aindri (ऐन्द्रि):—[from aindra] m. a descendant of Indra

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Jayanta, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] of Arjuna, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] of the monkey-king Vālin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a crow, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 22.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindri (ऐन्द्रि):—(ndriḥ) 1. m. Son of Indra; monkey Bāli; Arjuna; a crow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aindrī (ऐन्द्री) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iṃdā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aindri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aiṃdri (ಐಂದ್ರಿ):—

1) [noun] Śaci, the wife of Indra.

2) [noun] the direction in which sun appears to rise (of which Indra is the regent); the east.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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