Cakora: 35 definitions


Cakora means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakora.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Cakora (चकोर)—The following are said to resound the forests such as Caitraratha, Nandana, etc. with their melodious sounds: sārikās, mayūras, cakoras, śukas, bhṛṅgarājas, kokilas, sugrīvas and bhramaras etc. (Vāyu-purāṇa 36.1-5)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cakora (चकोर) or Cakoraka refers to a type of bird, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] In this troublesome time, even crows and Cakora birds build their nests. But you don’t. Without a home how will you be happy? O Pināka-bearer Śiva, let not the great fear originating from clouds befall us. Hence endeavour for a residence. Do not delay. Heed my words”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cakora (चकोर).—(Svātikarṇa) Andhra king ruled for 6 months; son of Sunandana. His son was Bahava?*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 11. Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Cakora (चकोर) refers to the “greek partridge”, whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “celestial” (khecara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as celestial (khecara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The celestial animals are [viz., cakora (greek partridge)].

Cakora (partridge) is mentioned in a discusses regarding the reaction of certain insects and other living beings on consumption of poisionous food. The after-effect of intake of poison for Cakora (partridge) is defined as: “akṣivairāgyaṃ (eyes turn pale)”.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Cakora (चकोर) refers to a kind of bird, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Cakora (चकोर) also refers to the Chukor patridge (Alectoris Chukar).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cakora (चकोर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “chukar partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Cakora is part of the group of birds named Lāvādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The eggs of the Cakora are useful in diminished semen, cough, heart disease and injuries. They are sweet, bot cauising burning sensation and immediately strength-promoting.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Chakora (छकोर)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “Alectoris Graeca”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Cakora (चकोर).—A bird that drinks only water from the Śvāti Nakṣatra.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Cakora (चकोर) refers to:—A bird that lives solely on moonlight. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Cakora (चकोर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara says, Cakora is a mountain in Eastern India. It may be identified as Caraṇādri or Cunār, the hill-fort in the district of Mirzapur, builded by the Pāla kings.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Cakora (चकोर).—A grammarian who .wrote a commentary on the 'Sabdalingarthacandrika of Sujanapandita.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Cakora (चकोर) or Biṣkira refers to the bird “Greek partridge” (Perdix rufa).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Cakora] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Chakora, a kind of partridge, is a legendary bird described in Hindu mythology. It is believed to reside upon the beams of the moon, that is, the Chandra. The association of Chakora and Chandra has given rise to a number of folk love stories in north India.

2) Chakora is a village in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located at 32°47'0N 72°43'0E with an altitude of 642 metres (2109 feet). Inhabited (as the legend goes) by Baba Kamal a brother of Baba Odher the ancestor of Oudherwal. Chakora is fully aboded by Kahuts (although Oudherwal consists of Myres and Gonadals also) is the birthplace of Chaudhry Muhammad Zaman Khan a prominent and respected zamindar and educationist who was a founder father of Education movement to educate Kahuts and first Councillor of Sadwal Union Council.

Source: Hebridean Sprite Beauty: Hinduism

The Chakora bird (or Lunar bird) is from Hindu mythology and often takes the form of a partridge. There are two tales about these special birds, the first that they only live within the beams of the moon itself. The other is that the Chakora eat solely moonbeams to survive.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Cakora (चकोर) refers to “rain-birds”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “[...] with [this] ‘Heart of the snakes;’ the cloud-monarchs too must be depicted, emitting a shower, and rubbing against one another; at the end masses of rain-birds and lightning (cakoraante vidyuccakoramālā) are to be painted; and parched rice canopied by the swastika, also fish and flesh, and honey-food without curds, and a sumptuous offering must be made there. [...]”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Cakora (चकोर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Cakora] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Cakora (चकोर) refers to a kind of partridge (said to live on moon-beams), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] after [Śreyāṃsa] had risen and circumambulated the Lord of the World three times, he bowed, washing his feet with tears of joy, as it were. Rising and standing before the Master [i.e., Ṛṣabha], he looked at the lotus-face with joy, like the Cakora seeing the full-moon”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Cakora (r. 77-78 CE) or Cakora Śātakarṇi is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Chakora or Cakora Śātakarṇi) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Cakora Śātakarṇi was preceded by Sundara Śātakarṇi and succeeded by Śivasvāti.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Cakora in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus maxima in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aurantium decumanum (L.) Mill. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· J. Hunan Agric. Coll. (1991)
· Annales du muséum national d’histoire naturelle (1813)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Proceedings, Indian Academy of Sciences. Section B, Biological Sciences (1983)
· Phytomorphology (1998)
· The Flora of Jamaica (1837)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Cakora, for example extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cakora : (m.) the francolin partridge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cakora, (Sk. cakora to kol (kor), see note on gala) the francolin partridge (Perdix rufa) J. V, 416; Vv 358; VvA. 163. See also caṅkora. (Page 258)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cakōra (चकोर).—(S) Bartavelle or Greek partridge, Tetrao rufus. Linn. Perdix Rufa. Lath. Said to subsist upon the moonbeams.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cakōra (चकोर).—m Bartavelle or Greek partridge, said to subsist upon the moonbeams.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakora (चकोर).—[cak-tṛptau oran Uṇādi-sūtra 1.64] A kind of bird, the Greek partridge (said to feed on moonbeams); ज्योत्स्नापानमदालसेन वपुषा मत्ताश्चकोराङ्गनाः (jyotsnāpānamadālasena vapuṣā mattāścakorāṅganāḥ) Vb.1.11; इतश्च- कोराक्षि विलोकयेति (itaśca- korākṣi vilokayeti) R.6.59;7.25; स्फुरदधरसीधवे तव वदन- चन्द्रमा रोचयति लोचनचकोरम् (sphuradadharasīdhave tava vadana- candramā rocayati locanacakoram) Gītagovinda 1. (cakorakaḥ also.) (viṣā- bhyāśe) चकारस्ये अक्षिणी विरज्येते (cakārasye akṣiṇī virajyete) Kau. A.1.2.17.

Derivable forms: cakoraḥ (चकोरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakora (चकोर).—m.

(-raḥ) The bartavelle or Greek patridge, (Perdix rufa or Tetrao rufus.) E. cak to be satisfied, oran Unadi affix; also with kan added cakoraka; what is satisfied with the moonbeams, upon which the bird is fabulously said to subsist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakora (चकोर).—m. The Greek partridge. Perdix rufa, Mahābhārata 3, 936.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakora (चकोर).—[masculine] a kind of partridge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakora (चकोर):—m. (√cak, [Uṇādi-sūtra]) the Greek partridge (Perdix rufa; fabled to subsist on moonbeams [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]; cf. [Gīta-govinda i, 23], hence ‘an eye drinking the nectar of a moon-like face’ is poetically called c, [Brahma-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara lxxvii, 50]; the eyes of the Cakora are said to turn red when they look on poisoned food, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Naiṣadha-carita; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti vii, 217]), [Mahābhārata; Lalita-vistara; Suśruta] etc.

2) ([plural]) Name of a people, [Atharva-veda.Pariś. lvi]

3) (sg.) of a prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 1, 24]

4) of a town (?), [Harṣacarita vi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakora (चकोर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The bartavelle or Greek partridge (Perdrix rufa).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cakora (चकोर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Caora, Caoraga, Cakora.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cakora in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cakora (चकोर) [Also spelled chakor]:—(nm) the Indian red-legged partridge (fabled to subsist upon moon-beams and to eat embers); hence [cakorī] (nf).

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Cakora (चकोर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cakora.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cakōra (ಚಕೋರ):—

1) [noun] the bird Perdix rufus fabled to subsist upon moon-beams; Greek partridge.

2) [noun] the bird of Phasianidae family (genus Francolinus); francolin partridge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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