Kheda, Kheḍa: 23 definitions


Kheda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kheda (खेद, “lassitude”) refers to ‘lassitude’ or depression arising from over-exertion. Kheda represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Natya Shastra

kheda (खेद).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Fatigue arising from a mental effort is called Lassitude (kheda).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kheda (खेद) refers to “lassitude”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: ‘Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in sixty-four dharmas. What are those sixty-four? [...] (29) spiritual friends is included in the wish to listen and serving; (30) adequately grasping is included in the lightness of body and thought; (31) intensive reflection is included in being free from lassitude (kheda) and desire; (32) heroic reflection is included in never neglecting causes or effects’. Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in these sixty-four dharmas”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kheda (खेद) refers to “distress”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “If children, wives, wealth, relations [and] bodies will inevitably go away [com.therefore, no distress (khedaḥ) is to be created (kāryaḥ)], then why is one distressed uselessly for the sake of them?”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kheḍa (खेड) or Kheṭa is analogous to Kheṭṭa: the Prakrit form of Kṣetra: a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). Analogous to kheṭṭa is the word ‘kheḍa’ or ‘kheṭa’ which means ‘a city surrounded by rivers and mountains’. Kheṭa meaning ‘a small hamlet’ is also found in Pāṇini (VI. 2. 126). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra defines ‘kheṭa’ as the half of a city and the grāma as the half of a ‘kheṭa’. According to Monier Williams kheṭa means a village, residence of peasants and farmers, small town (half of a pura).

Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Kheḍa (खेड) refers to an “administrative designation”.—In the Kanarese areas and certain contiguous tracts we meet with the term kheḍa (e.g. Āḷu-kheḍa)

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kheda : (m.) regret; distress; affliction; despair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kheda, (adj.) (Sk. kheda fatigue, khedati; perhaps to Lat. caedo) subject to fatigue, tired VvA. 276.—As noun “fatigue” at Vism. 71. (Page 238)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khēḍa (खेड).—f Mixture, mixedness: also the mixed material, miscellane: also the mixing material;--used esp. of corn or grain. 2 m A term for an odd, queer, eccentric fellow, a codger.

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khēda (खेद).—m (S) Sorrow, affliction, grief. 2 Remorse or regret. khēda mānaṇēṃ g. of o. To grieve over; to take to heart.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khēḍa (खेड).—f Mixture. A codger; an odd fellow.

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khēda (खेद).—m Sorrow; remorse. khēda mānaṇēṃ Grieve over; take to heart.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kheda (खेद).—[khid -bhāve ghañ]

1) Depression, lassitude, dejection (of spirits).

2) Fatigue, exhaustion; अलसलुलितमुग्धान्य- ध्वसंजातखेदात् (alasalulitamugdhānya- dhvasaṃjātakhedāt) Uttararāmacarita 1.24; अध्वखेदं नयेथाः (adhvakhedaṃ nayethāḥ) Meghadūta 34; R.18.45.

3) Pain, torment; Amaruśataka 34.

4) Distress, sorrow; गुरुः खेदं खिन्ने मयि भजति नाद्यापि कुरुषु (guruḥ khedaṃ khinne mayi bhajati nādyāpi kuruṣu) Ve.1.11; Amaru. 57.

5) Poverty.

6) A disease.

-dā Ved. A hammer, mallet; सत्रा खेदामरुशहा वृषस्व (satrā khedāmaruśahā vṛṣasva) Ṛgveda 1.116.4.

Derivable forms: khedaḥ (खेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kheda (खेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Sorrow, affliction, distress. Lassitude, depression. 3. Pain. 4. Proverty. E. khid to be distrest, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kheda (खेद).—i. e. khid + a, m. 1. Fatigue, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 49, 14. 2. Faintness, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 90. 3. Affliction, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 225.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kheda (खेद).—[masculine] depression, weariness, distress, sorrow, trouble, anger at ([genetive]). [feminine] khedā borer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kheda (खेद):—[from khid] a m. lassitude, depression, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] exhaustion, pain, affliction, distress, [Pañcatantra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] sexual passion, [Patañjali [Introduction]] on [vArttika] 1

4) Khedā (खेदा):—[from kheda > khid] f. an instrument for splitting (belonging to Indra), [Ṛg-veda viii, 72, 8; 77, 3; x, 116, 4]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a locality, [Rājataraṅgiṇī ii, 135.]

6) Kheḍa (खेड):—([gana] aśvādi, [Kāśikā-vṛtti]) for kheṭa, a village, [Jaina literature] (cf. gandha-kh.)

7) Kheda (खेद):—b dana, etc. See √khid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kheda (खेद):—(daḥ) 1. m. Sorrow, repentance.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kheda (खेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Khea, Kheva, Viṇabha, Vilabha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kheda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kheḍā (खेडा):—(nm) a hamlet, small village.

2) Kheda (खेद) [Also spelled khed]:—(nm) regret; sorrow; ~[janaka] regrettable; ~[prakāśa] apology, expression of regret.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kheḍa (खेड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kṛṣ.

2) Kheḍa (खेड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kheṭa.

3) Kheḍa (खेड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kheṭa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khēḍa (ಖೇಡ):—

1) [noun] a village or a small town.

2) [noun] a man overcome by terror; a terrified man.

3) [noun] a flat, usu. broad, piece of metal, wood, etc., carried in the hand or worn on the forearm to ward off blows or missiles; a shield.

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Khēda (ಖೇದ):—

1) [noun] mental suffering caused by loss, disappointment, etc.; sadness, grief; regret; sorrow.

2) [noun] the loud, characteristic cry of a horse; neigh; whinny.

3) [noun] the loud, deep, roaring sound of a lion.

4) [noun] a small or little quantity, number or degree.

5) [noun] the long, jointed, woody stem of the perennial grass Bambusa arundinaceae ( = B. spinosa); a bamboo.

6) [noun] a substance that when introduced into or absorbed by a living organism causes death or injury, esp. one that kills by rapid action even in a small quantity; a poison.

7) [noun] extreme tiredness after exertion; fatigue.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Kheda (खेद):—n. 1. regret; grief; lassitude; 2. distress; sorrow; 3. condemn; reproach;

2) Khedā (खेदा):—n. a drive; hunt (of elephants/other wild animals);

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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