Tittira: 20 definitions


Tittira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tittira (तित्तिर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Tittira is part of the group of birds named Vartakādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Tittira (तित्तिर) refers to the “partridge”, whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “celestial” (khecara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as celestial (khecara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The celestial animals are [viz., tittira (partridge)].

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Tittira (तित्तिर) (lit. “one who floats on water”) is a synonym (another name) for the Kapiñjala, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tittira (तित्तिर).—A place of habitation in ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 51, Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tittira (तित्तिर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.25.6, VI.46.50, II.47.4, IX.44.81) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tittira) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tittira (तित्तिर) or Tittiri (तित्तिरि) is the name of the partridge in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas, being presumably an onomato-poetic formation. The bird is described as having variegated plumage (bahu-rūpa). It is usually associated with the Kapiñjala and Kalaviṅka.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tittira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tittira : (m.) a partridge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tittira, (Onomat. cp. Vedic tittira & tittiri, Gr. tatuρas pheasant, Lit. teterva heath-cock; Lat. tetrinnio to cackle) partridge J. I, 218; III, 538.—pattikā a kind of boot Vin. I, 186. (Page 302)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tittira (तित्तिर).—m S The francoline partridge.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tittira (तित्तिर).—m The Francoline partridge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर).—The francoline partridge; Bhāg. 3.15.18.

Derivable forms: tittiraḥ (तित्तिरः).

See also (synonyms): titira.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर).—m.

(-raḥ) The francoline parridge: see the next. E. titti iti śabdaṃ rauti ru-vā ḍa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर).—and tittiri tittiri (based on an imitative sound), m. The francoline partridge, Mahābhārata 5, 267; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 134.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर).—[masculine] partridge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tittira (तित्तिर):—m. (onomatopoetic [from] the cry titti) a partridge, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā iii, 14, 17; Mahābhārata v, 267 ff.; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 5, 12] (cf. [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 9, 1 ff.])

2) [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vi, 2084.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Francoline partridge; a sage; Yajur-veda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tittira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Tittira (तित्तिर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tittiri.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tittira (ತಿತ್ತಿರ):—[noun] = ತಿತ್ತಿರಿ [tittiri]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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