Karttika, Kārttika, Kārttikā: 16 definitions


Karttika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Karttika in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक).—navami and dvādaśī, as yugādis for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 4.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Kārttika for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Kārttika, the tooth-brush is that of śirīṣa-wood. The food taken is madanaphala. The deity to be worshipped is Kārttika. The flowers used in worship are dūrvāṅkura. The naivedya offerings is different kinds of food. The result accrued equals lusturous like Kāmadeva.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kārttikā (कार्त्तिका) refers to the fourth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. It is also known by the name Brāhmī. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., kārttikā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक) refers to the months October-November (when the full moon is in the asterism of Kṛttikā), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the solar or lunar eclipse should fall in the lunar month of Kārttika, persons who live by fire, the Magadhas, the eastern princes, the Kosalas, the Kalmāṣas, the Śūrasenas and the people of Benares will suffer miseries; the ruler of Kaliṅga with his ministers and servants and the Kṣatriyas will perish but there will be prosperity and plenty in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक) (presided over by Brahmā) is the eighth of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Kārttika] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kārttika.—(CITD), crops reaped in the month of Kārttika. Note: kārttika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārttika (कार्त्तिक).—m (S kṛttikā Pleiades.) The eighth Hindu month, October-November; when the moon is full near the Pleiades.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The month Kartik, (October-November,) when the moon is full near the Pleiades. 2. The deity Kartikeya. E. kṛttikā the Pleiades, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक).—i. e. kṛttikā + a, I. m. The name of a month (October- November), Mahābhārata 2, 918. Ii. f. , The day of this month on which the moon is full, Mahābhārata 3, 4073.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक).—[masculine] a cert. month in autumn, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a medical writer. Quoted by Bhāvamiśra Oxf. 311^b, by Mādhava Oxf. 314^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karttikā (कर्त्तिका):—f. a dagger, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

2) Kārttika (कार्त्तिक):—m. ([from] kṛttikā q.v.; with or without māsa), Name of a month corresponding to part of October and November (the twelfth month of the year, when the full moon is near the Pleiades), [Pāṇini; Lāṭyāyana; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) Name of Skanda (See kārttikeya), [Brahma-purāṇa]

4) of a Varṣa

5) of a medical author

6) mn. Name of the first year in Jupiter’s period of revolution, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta]

7) n. Name of a Tīrtha, [Matsya-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The month Kārtik (October-November).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kārttika (कार्त्तिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kattiya, Kattiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karttika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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