Karuka, Kāruka, Kārūka, Kārukā, Kārūkā: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Karuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kāruka (कारुक).—Unfit for śrāddha feeding.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 69.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kāruka (कारुक, “artisans”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Kāruka refers to persons who build stūpas and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kāruka (कारुक) refers to “artisans”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. If they should be eclipsed when in the first section of the firmament, those that live by fire and virtuous Brahmins will suffer as well as men belonging to one of the holy orders. If they should be eclipsed when in the second section of the firmament, agriculturists, heretics, merchants, the Kṣatriyas and commanders of the army will suffer. If when in the third section, artisans [i.e., kāruka], the Śūdras, the Mlecchas and ministers will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kāruka.—(LB), an artisan. The five classes of artisans may be the carpenter, the blacksmith, the potter, the barber and the washerman. (IE 8-5; EI 25, 32), tax on artisans and craftsmen; same as kāru-deya. Note: kāruka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक) or Kārūka (कारूक) or Kārukā (कारुका) or Kārūkā (कारूका).—An artisan; कारुकान् शिल्पिनश्चैव (kārukān śilpinaścaiva) Ms.7.138. कारुकान्तं च शोणितम् (kārukāntaṃ ca śoṇitam) Mb.13.135.14. ...... कारूकाश्च कुशीलवाः (kārūkāśca kuśīlavāḥ) Śiva. B.31.18.

Derivable forms: kārukaḥ (कारुकः), kārūkaḥ (कारूकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An artisan, an artificer. E. kāru, and kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक).—[kāru + ka], m., and f. , An artisan, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 219.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक).—[masculine] = 1 kāru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक):—[from kāru] mf(ā) an. artisan, artificer, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruka (कारुक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Agent, artisan.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāruka (ಕಾರುಕ):—[noun] one who bites, chews or eats.

--- OR ---

Kāruka (ಕಾರುಕ):—

1) [noun] a skilled worker; a craftsman; an artisan.

2) [noun] a tax levied on artisans.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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