Karuka, Kāruka, Kārūka, Kārukā, Kārūkā: 13 definitions
Karuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kāruka (कारुक).—Unfit for śrāddha feeding.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 15. 43; Vāyu-purāṇa 79. 69.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Kāruka (कारुक, “artisans”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Kāruka refers to persons who build stūpas and the like.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Kāruka (कारुक) refers to “artisans”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. If they should be eclipsed when in the first section of the firmament, those that live by fire and virtuous Brahmins will suffer as well as men belonging to one of the holy orders. If they should be eclipsed when in the second section of the firmament, agriculturists, heretics, merchants, the Kṣatriyas and commanders of the army will suffer. If when in the third section, artisans [i.e., kāruka], the Śūdras, the Mlecchas and ministers will suffer”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kāruka.—(LB), an artisan. The five classes of artisans may be the carpenter, the blacksmith, the potter, the barber and the washerman. (IE 8-5; EI 25, 32), tax on artisans and craftsmen; same as kāru-deya. Note: kāruka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kāruka (कारुक) or Kārūka (कारूक) or Kārukā (कारुका) or Kārūkā (कारूका).—An artisan; कारुकान् शिल्पिनश्चैव (kārukān śilpinaścaiva) Ms.7.138. कारुकान्तं च शोणितम् (kārukāntaṃ ca śoṇitam) Mb.13.135.14. ...... कारूकाश्च कुशीलवाः (kārūkāśca kuśīlavāḥ) Śiva. B.31.18.
Derivable forms: kārukaḥ (कारुकः), kārūkaḥ (कारूकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) An artisan, an artificer. E. kāru, and kan added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruka (कारुक).—[kāru + ka], m., and f. kā, An artisan, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 219.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruka (कारुक).—[masculine] = 1 kāru.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruka (कारुक):—[from kāru] mf(ā) an. artisan, artificer, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāruka (कारुक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Agent, artisan.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Kāruka (ಕಾರುಕ):—[noun] one who bites, chews or eats.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a skilled worker; a craftsman; an artisan.
2) [noun] a tax levied on artisans.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 10 books and stories containing Karuka, Kāruka, Kārūka, Kārukā, Kārūkā, Kāṟuka; (plurals include: Karukas, Kārukas, Kārūkas, Kārukās, Kārūkās, Kāṟukas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.10.109 < [Chapter 10 - The Glories of Śrī Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi]
Verse 2.1.326 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Verse 1.5.104-105 < [Chapter 5 - Eating the Mendicant Brāhmaṇa’s Offerings]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 17 < [Chapter 8 - Aṣṭama-yāma-sādhana (Rātri-līlā–prema-bhajana sambhoga)]
Text 18 < [Chapter 8 - Aṣṭama-yāma-sādhana (Rātri-līlā–prema-bhajana sambhoga)]
Lakulisha-Pashupata (Philosophy and Practice) (by Geetika Kaw Kher)
Kalamukhas: The politically organized Saivite ascetics < [Chapter 2 - Spread and Transition]
History of Lakulisa-Pasupata order < [Chapter 1 - The Historical Context]