Karpurika, Karpūrikā: 2 definitions



Karpurika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Karpurika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Karpūrikā (कर्पूरिका) is the name of a princess from Karpūrasambhava and daughter of Karpūraka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 42. Accordingly, as a female ascetic said to Naravāhanadatta: “there is on the other side of the sea a city named Karpūrasambhava; in it there is a king rightly named Karpūraka; he has a daughter, a lovely maiden, named Karpūrikā, who appears like a second Lakṣmī, deposited in security there by the ocean, having seen that the first Lakṣmī had been carried away by the gods after the Churning. And she, as she hates men, does not desire to be married; but she will desire it, if at all, when she sees you...”.

According to chapter 43, as an old lady from Karpūrasambhava said to Naravāhanadatta: “... in a short time that queen [Buddhikārī] conceived by the king [Karpūraka], and when the period was completed she brought forth a daughter beautiful in all her limbs. She surpassed in splendour the lights in the lying-in chamber, and they, as it were, heaved sighs by discharging lamp-black. And her father made great rejoicings, and gave her the name of Karpūrikā, which is his own name made feminine. And gradually that moonlight of the eyes of the people, the Princess Karpūrikā, has grown up, and is now in the full bloom of youth”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karpūrikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of karpurika in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Karpurika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Kashmiri Overseas Association: Kasheer september 2008 issue

Princess Karpurika has remained unmarried because of a particular event in her previous birth. She was a female swan, her children perished in a flood, and since her husband seemed not to care, she killed herself and now, as woman, she hates men. Naravahanadatta learns this secret of the princess and he convinces her that he is that very swan, who has repented, wh o wishes to marry his old wife. The princess believes him, and they get married.

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