Kartritva, Kartṛtva: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kartritva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kartṛtva can be transliterated into English as Kartrtva or Kartritva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kartratv.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Nyaya glossary
Source: academia.edu: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (nyaya)

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व) (Cf. Jayantabhaṭṭa) refers to “(understanding of) the Veda’s authorship”, according to Jayanta Bhaṭṭa (ninth–tenth century), the great Naiyāyika from Kashmir, who was a close reader of Kumārila’s work.—[...] Jayanta extends the application of the vedamūlatva principle to traditions or scriptures that do not explicitly contradict the Veda. The fact that Jayanta’s approach to these traditions is more open than Kumārila’s is partly due to their different understanding of the Veda’s authorship (kartṛtva): while Kumārila understands Vedic revelation as an impersonal and beginningless complex of meanings, Jayanta is a theistic philosopher who, as a Naiyāyika, believes that the Veda is the work of the most reliable author (āpta), namely God or Īśvara.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व) or Kartṛā refers to a “state in which one performs”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.2-5]—“O Deva, if [mantras] consist of the nature of Śiva, [which is] ubiquitous , formless, and [if he] does not perform action , how can [mantras] be agents of action? And how do they create a state [in which one] performs (kartṛtva) them [when they are] formless? Who does [that performance] without an individual body? Speak, O Lord. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व) refers to the “agency (of emanation)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “These five Siddhanāthas are the lords of the universe. (They are) the Siddhas of the agency of emanation (sṛṣṭi-kartṛtva). They are the doors to heaven and have reached the other side (of the ocean of bondage). They have burst apart the limitless worlds of hell and are the only ones able to bestow liberation. They came down onto the venerable (mount) Kailāsa and, heating the lotus of phenomenal existence, shine with (their) radiant energy. I bow before these (Siddhas) constantly whose intellect is well versed in the Krama and are the descent (into the world) of all knowledge”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व) refers to one of the six Kārakas (ṣaṭkāraka), according to the Ṣaṭkārakakhaṇḍana (dealing with Grammar), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Ṣaṭkāraka-khaṇḍana has various external features of a Jain manuscript, including the layout and the script. It is a grammatico-philosophical work dealing with the six kārakas [e.g., kartṛtva] and their refutation.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व).—n Capability, power of doing. Agency. Act.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व).—[kartṛ + tva], n. Being agent, Mahābhārata 3, 1232.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व):—[=kartṛ-tva] [from kartṛ > kartave] n. idem, [Kāśikā-vṛtti]

2) [v.s. ...] the state of being the performer or author of anything, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kartritva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व) [Also spelled kartratv]:—(nm) the act or property of being an agent, agency; doing; achievement.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kartṛtva (ಕರ್ತೃತ್ವ):—

1) [noun] the quality of, capacity for, doing, carrying out a work; the position or authority of a doer.

2) [noun] the state or fact of being an owner; ownership; the ability to lead; leadership.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartritva in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kartṛtva (कर्तृत्व):—n. 1. the state of being the performer/author of anything; agency; action; 2. Gram. an agent (the meaning of the instrumental case);

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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