Karshaka, Karṣaka, Kārṣaka: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Karshaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karṣaka and Kārṣaka can be transliterated into English as Karsaka or Karshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Karṣaka (कर्षक) refers to “agriculturists” (i.e., one whose profession is agriculture), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. If they should be eclipsed when in the first section of the firmament, those that live by fire and virtuous Brahmins will suffer as well as men belonging to one of the holy orders. If they should be eclipsed when in the second section of the firmament, agriculturists [i.e., karṣaka], heretics, merchants, the Kṣatriyas and commanders of the army will suffer. If when in the third section, artisans, the Śūdras, the Mlecchas and ministers will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karṣaka (कर्षक).—a S That cultivates the soil; that ploughs or tills. 2 That pulls or draws.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṣaka (कर्षक).—a. [kṛṣ-ṇvul] Who or what draws, attracts &c.

-kaḥ A cultivator, husbandman; Y.2.265. त्वं समीरण इव प्रतीक्षितः कर्षकेण वलजान्पुपूषता (tvaṃ samīraṇa iva pratīkṣitaḥ karṣakeṇa valajānpupūṣatā) Śi.14.7.

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Kārṣaka (कार्षक).—A husbandman, cultivator.

Derivable forms: kārṣakaḥ (कार्षकः).

See also (synonyms): kārṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṣaka (कर्षक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. A cultivator of the soil, one who lives by tillage. 2. What draws or drags. 3. Attractive, what attracts. E. kṛṣ to plough, bun aff.

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Kārṣaka (कार्षक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A husbandman. E. kṛṣ to draw furrows, kvun unadi affix, and the vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṣaka (कर्षक).—i. e. kṛṣ + aka, m. A cultivator, one who lives by tillage, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 265.

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Kārṣaka (कार्षक).—i. e. kṛṣi + aka, m. A husbandman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 169.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṣaka (कर्षक).—[adjective] tearing, vexing (—°); ploughing, cultivating; [masculine] cultivator, husbandman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karṣaka (कर्षक):—[from karṣa] mfn. pulling to and fro, dragging, tormenting, vexing, [Agni-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ploughing, one who ploughs or lives by tillage, a husbandman, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya etc.]

3) Kārṣaka (कार्षक):—[from kārṣa] m. idem, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 169.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karṣaka (कर्षक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A cultivator of the soil. a. Attractive.

2) Kārṣaka (कार्षक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A husbandman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Karṣaka (कर्षक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Karisaga, Kāsaya, Kāsava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karshaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karṣaka (ಕರ್ಷಕ):—

1) [noun] a person, animal or thing that trails another.

2) [noun] a powerful vehicle with a gasoline or diesel engine and large rear wheels or endless belt treads, used for pulling farm machinery, hauling loads, etc.; a tractor.

3) [noun] one who ploughs the land; a farmer.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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