Kartika, Kārtika: 9 definitions


Kartika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kartik.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kārtika (कार्तिक) is the second month of the “autumn season” (śarada) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Kārtika), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Kārtika (कार्तिक), corresponding to “October-November”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, kārtika-māsi.

The presiding deity of Kārtika is Dāmodara.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kartika in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Kārtika (कार्तिक) refers to Kattiya: the name of an ancient merchant mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “In Hastināpura lives a śivaïte ascetic, very honored by all for his austerities, except the merchant Kārtika, of Jaina obedience. The ascetic dreams of revenge: invited one day to break his fast with King Jitaśatru, he accepts on condition that Kārtika waits for him. Forced, Kārtika complies with the request, while regretting not having become a monk before. The humiliation which the ascetic inflicts on him, moreover, disgusts him in the world: he becomes a monk with ten thousand other merchants”.

Cf. Āvaśyakacūrṇi II 276.12-277.4; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) 81 lb. 1 l-a.8.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Kartika (कर्तिक) refers to a “flaying knife” which is used to describe Cakrasaṃvara, according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—Accordingly, [while describing the iconography of Cakrasaṃvara]: “In the Saṃvara Maṇḍala atop Mount Sumera within a vajra-canopy there is a variegated lotus, on top of that a palace, in the middle of which is the Blessed Lord, standing in ālīḍhāsana, "archer's pose", [...] possessing a vyāghracarma, "tiger skin" and twelve arms, the foremost arms holding a vajra and ghaṇṭā, embracing Vajravārāhī, the uppermost arms holding a gajacarman, "elephant skin", dripping with blood, the remaining arms holding, starting second from the top, on the right, a ḍamaru, "double-headed drum", paraśu, "axe", kartika, "flaying knife", triśūla, "trident", on the left, a khaṭvāṅga, "staff", kapāla, "skull bowl", pāśa, "noose", and brahmamuṇḍa, "lopped head of Brahma", [...]”.

Note: [For Cakrasaṃvara]—The kartika, "flaying knife", symbolizes cutting away the pañca-nivāraṇa, "The Five Hindrances": 1) kāmacchanda "sensual desire" 2) vyāpāda "evil intent" 3) styānamiddha "laziness-lethargy" 4) auddhatyakaukṛitya "restlessness-regret" 5) vicikitsā "indecision".—[For Vajravārāhī and Vajrayoginī]—Spinning the kartika, "flaying knife", in the ten directions symbolizes śūnyatā-prajñā, "wisdom of emptiness", which cuts away all conceptual thought. (Also see the pañca-nivāraṇa, "The Five Hindrances")

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kārtika (कार्तिक) is the name of a Jain layman from Hastināpura, according to chapter 6.7 [śrī-munisuvratanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“After he had finished his sermon, wishing to benefit the world, the Lord stopped one day in his wandering in Hastināpura. In this city Jitaśatru was king and there was a Jain layman, Kārtika, a merchant, the head of a thousand merchants. There was in the city a Vaiṣṇavite ascetic, wearing reddish garments, who fasted for a month at a time and was much worshipped by the citizens. At each fast-breaking he was invited by the people with great devotion, but not by the merchant Kārtika whose supreme treasure was right-belief. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārtika (कार्तिक).—m The 8th Hindu month.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārtika (कार्तिक).—a. (- f.) [कृत्तिका-अण् (kṛttikā-aṇ)] Belonging to the month of Kārtika; कार्तिकीषु सवितानहर्म्यभाक् (kārtikīṣu savitānaharmyabhāk) R.19.39.

-kaḥ 1 Name of the month in which the full moon is near the कृत्तिका (kṛttikā) or Pleiades (corresponding to OctoberNovember).

2) An epithet of Skanda.

-kī The full moon day in the month of Kārtika (Mar. tripurī paurṇimā). कार्तिक्याः प्रभृति आग्रहायणी मासे (kārtikyāḥ prabhṛti āgrahāyaṇī māse) Mahābhārata on P.II. 3.28.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kartika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kārtika (कार्तिक) [Also spelled kartik]:—(nm) see [kātika].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kārtika (ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ):—

1) [noun] the eighth month of lunar calendar year.

2) [noun] a festival during this month observed in temples.

3) [noun] Skanda, the son of Śiva.

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Kārtīka (ಕಾರ್ತೀಕ):—[noun] = ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ - [kartika -] 1; [wrong form of ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ [kartika]].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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