Dirghika, Dīrghikā: 13 definitions


Dirghika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dirghika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका).—A daughter of Viśvakarman. She was abnormally tall, and since there was the Śāstric injunction that he who married such women would die within six months none came forward to wed her.

Dīrghikā began a penance for a good husband. As it continued for years together symptoms of old age began to appear in her. At this juncture an old and ailing householder came there. On certain conditions he married Dīrghikā. After sometime, in obedience to the husband’s wisn Dīrghikā set out on a tour carrying him on her shoulders. Though Māṇḍavya cursed her husband on their way, due to the chastity of Dīrghikā the curse proved to be ineffective. The similarity in the stories of Śāṇḍilī and this Dīrghikā leads us to think that they might have been one and the same person.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका) refers to “ponds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as the Seven Sages said amongst each other (when arriving at Himavatpura city): “[...] The splendour of festoons is also seen in every house. They are of different colours and sorts with shapes of parrots and swans carved on the walls of the palaces. The canopies with hanging festoons are of diverse character. There are many lakes and ponds (dīrghikā). The gardens and parks are of various kinds frequented by delighted people. Here men are like gods and the women are like the celestial damsels. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dīrghikā.—(SITI), bath; a long or oval pond. Note: dīrghikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका).—

1) A long or oblong lake; दीर्घिकापद्मिनी (dīrghikāpadminī) M.2.13; वन्यैरिदानीं महिषैस्तदम्भः शृङ्गाहतं क्रोशति दीर्घिकाणाम् (vanyairidānīṃ mahiṣaistadambhaḥ śṛṅgāhataṃ krośati dīrghikāṇām) R.16.13.

2) A well or lake in general.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dīrghika (दीर्घिक).—Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.173.3, or Dīrghila, 182.7 (corresp. to Pali Dīghīti), name of a king of Kosala, conquered by Brahmadatta of Benares; reference to his story in the Dīrghila-sūtra of the Madhyamāgama (Samādhisaṃyuk- taka), 182.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका).—f.

(-kā) A large and long pond. E. dīrgha long, affix ka, fem. form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका).—i. e. dīrgha + ka, f. An oblong pond, Mahābhārata 1, 5004.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका).—[feminine] a (long) lake or pond.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका):—[from dīrgha] f. an oblong lake or pond, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Kāvya literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका):—(kā) 1. f. A large pond.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dīrghikā (दीर्घिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dīhiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dirghika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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