Dipika, Dīpika, Dīpikā: 18 definitions


Dipika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dīpikā (दीपिका) refers to a “lamp”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “After going there, the haughty Kāma, deluded by Śiva’s magic power, stationed himself, after first spreading the enchanting power of Spring all around. [...] At that time the Kāla-dīpikā (brilliant lamp) induced reticent haughty persons to love. O good sir, the wind blew gently but distressed those who were separated from their beloveds. Thus the vast diffusion of Spring caused the display of emotions of love. It was unbearable to the forestdwelling sages. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dīpikā (दीपिका).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 98.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Dīpikā (दीपिका) is the name of an anonymous commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.), who was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Dīpikā (दीपिका) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Dīpikā has 28 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 5, 5, 4, 5, 4 and 5 mātrās, where the 1st and the last caturmātras must be either [ISI] or [IIII] according to Kavidarpaṇa II.24 and Hemacandra p. 32c; this condition however is not laid down by Chandonuśāsana 35.

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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dīpikā (दीपिका) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., dīpikā-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Dīpika (दीपिक) refers to the “lamp (which aids the Upaniṣads)” according to Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati (verse 73).—Accordingly, “May the Yatirājasaptati, the lamp that aids the Upaniṣads (upacāra-dīpika) by which the distortions that are wrong views are extinguished, give us the knowledge that encompasses both the vibhūtis of the Blessed One”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Dīpika (दीपिक) refers to “lamps” (used in the training of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “[...] Then every night, in the dim light of lamps (dīpika) [sāloke dīpikādibhiḥ], the eyes should be opened, and washed with cool and fair water. The hawk should be gradually inspired with confidence and made to hear the falconer’s voice. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Pancadipika.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dīpikā (दीपिका) is the wife of a former incarnation of Daśaratha, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Muni Satyabhūti said to king Daśaratha (son of king Anaraṇya): “You were a merchant of noble character in Senāpura and you had a daughter, Upāsti, by your wife, Dīpikā. She became hostile to sādhus and wandered miserably through existence for a long time in births as animals, etc. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dīpika : (m.) a panther.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dīpika, (fr. dīpin) a panther J.III, 480. (Page 324)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dīpikā (दीपिका).—f S A stand in general for a lamp. 2 A sort of lamp; usually called divaṭī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dīpikā (दीपिका).—f A stand in general for a lamp a sort of lamp.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīpikā (दीपिका).—

1) A light, torch; आसन्नोषधयो नेतुर्नक्तमस्नेहदीपिका (āsannoṣadhayo neturnaktamasnehadīpikā), R.4.75;9.7.

2) (At the end of comp.) Illustrator. elucidator as in तर्कदीपिका (tarkadīpikā).

3) Moonlight.

4) Name of a Rāgiṇī.

5) Name of some plants (Mar. vekhaṃḍa, methī, oṃvā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dīpikā (दीपिका) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] See Kālanirṇayadīpikā, Śrāddhadīpikā, Smṛtidīpikā. Quoted by Raghunandana, in Nirṇayasindhu, Saṃskārakaustubha, Smṛtyarthasāgara, in Utsargamayūkha and Śuddhimayūkha.

2) Dīpikā (दीपिका):—Laghujātakaṭīkā by Mādhavācārya. Oudh. Vii, 4.

3) Dīpikā (दीपिका):—jy. by Śrīnivāsa. Sūcīpattra. 17.
—[commentary] by Rāghavācārya. Ibid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dīpikā (दीपिका):—[from dīpaka > dīp] a f. a light, lamp, lantern, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] moonlight, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘illustrator’ or ‘illustration’ at the end of titles of books (cf. kula-, gūḍhārtha-, trailokya-) and also alone, Name of works. (See below)

4) [v.s. ...] Ptychotis Ajowan or the root of Calmus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Rāgiṇī

6) [from dīp] b f. of dīpaka q.v.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dīpikā (दीपिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dīviā, Dīvī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dipika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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