Abhidhana, Abhidhāna: 18 definitions


Abhidhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhidhan.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Abhidhāna (अभिधान).—Designation, denotation, expression of sense by a word which is looked upon as the very nature of a word. The expression अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम् (abhidhānaṃ punaḥ svābhāvikam) (denotation of sense is only a natural characteristic of a word) frequently occurs in the Mahābhāṣya; cf. M. Bh. on 1.2.64 Vārt 93, II.1.1, cf. नपुसकं यदूष्मान्तं तस्य बह्वभिधानजः (napusakaṃ yadūṣmāntaṃ tasya bahvabhidhānajaḥ) (R. Pr. XIII.7) where the word बह्वभिधान (bahvabhidhāna) means बहुवचन (bahuvacana).

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Abhidhāna (अभिधान) refers to the “names (of a particular deity)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then at his behest, the sages jubilantly performed the holy ablution over the head of Pārvatī. Being conversant with the Vedas he asked them specially to perform this. Repeating the names of lord Śiva (deva-abhidhāna), they performed Paryukṣaṇa rite. There was a great jubilation and gaiety, O sage”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Abhidhāna (अभिधान) refers to “lexicons”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Not by studying the doctrines of scriptural exegesis, logic, planets and mathematics, nor by the Vedas, Upaniṣads, Dharmaśāstras [and the like]; not even by lexicons (abhidhāna) nor metre, grammar, poetry nor rhetoric; the sage's attainment of the highest reality is gained only from the oral teachings of his own guru.[...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhidhāna : (nt.) name; appellation.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhidhāna (अभिधान).—n S A name. 2 Specification or mention; signification or discrimination effected by a name or by naming. Ex. ghaṭa hā śabda kambugrīvādi- mān jō vyaktiviśēṣa tyācēṃ a0 karitō.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhidhāna (अभिधान).—n A name. Specification or men- tion, signification or discrimination.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान).—

1) Telling, mentioning, speaking, naming, denotation; एतावतामर्थानामिदमभिधानम् (etāvatāmarthānāmidamabhidhānam) Nir.; गोशब्दस्य वाही- कार्थाभिधानम् (gośabdasya vāhī- kārthābhidhānam) S. D.

2) (In gram.) Asserting or predicating something of another, as the subject of an assertion, (which then can be put in the nom. case only); predication, assertion; See P.II.3.2 Sk.

3) A name, appellation, title, designation; अभिधानं तु पश्चात्तस्याहमश्रौषम् (abhidhānaṃ tu paścāttasyāhamaśrauṣam) K.32; तवाभिधानाद् व्यथते नताननः (tavābhidhānād vyathate natānanaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.24; (at the end of comp.) called, named; ऋणाभिधानाद् बन्धनात् (ṛṇābhidhānād bandhanāt) R.3.2.

4) An expression, word.

5) Speech, discourse महत्तमा- नामभिधानयोगः (mahattamā- nāmabhidhānayogaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.18.18.

6) A dictionary, vocabulary (of words), lexicon (in these last 4 senses said to be also m.)

7) A song, षट्पादतन्त्रीमधुराभिधानम् (ṣaṭpādatantrīmadhurābhidhānam) Rām.4.28,36.

Derivable forms: abhidhānam (अभिधानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A name, an appellation. 2. Speaking, speech. 3. A vocabulary, a dictionary. E. As before, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान).—i. e. abhi-dhā + ana, n. 1. A name, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 7, 112. 2. A word.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान).—[neuter] = [preceding] [feminine] + statement, speech, discourse, word; also = seq; [feminine] dhānī a halter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhidhāna (अभिधान):—[=abhi-dhāna] [from abhi-dhā] n. telling, naming, speaking, speech, manifesting

2) [v.s. ...] a name, title, appellation, expression, word

3) [v.s. ...] a vocabulary, dictionary, lexicon

4) [v.s. ...] putting together, bringing in close connection, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

5) [v.s. ...] ([Comparative degree] -tara), [???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. n.

(-nam) 1) Naming, telling, expressing; e. g. in the Vārtt. to Pāṇ.: kṣubdhaṃ manthābhidhāna iti vaktavyam; or svāntaṃ manobhidhāna iti vaktavyam; or dhvāntaṃ manobhidhāna iti vaktavyam; or avātābhidhāna iti vaktavyam; or Patanj. to Pāṇ.: kaḥ punarvīpsārthaḥ . anavayavābhidhānaṃ vīpsārthaḥ . anavayavena dravyāṇāmabhidhānameṣa vīpsārthaḥ; or in the Nyāya S.: arthādāpannasya svaśabdena punarabhidhānam; or in the Mīmāṃsā S.: guṇābhidhānātsarvārthamabhidhānam; or Sāhityad.: (nāndī) pūrvaraṅgasya raṅgadvārābhidhānamaṅgamityucyate.—In writings on the Mīmāṃsā philosophy abhidhāna or abhidhāyakatva are used sometimes in opposition to vidhāyakatva, when the former imply such expressions or passages in the Vedas as do not contain a vidhi or injunction, but merely a description or explanation; the word becomes in such cases a synonyme of anuvāda q. v.; e. g. Mīmāṃsā S.: vidhimantrayoraikārthyamaikaśabdyāt . api vā prayogasāmarthyānmantro bhidhānavācī syāt; Jaiminīyanyāyam.: devāṃśca yābhiryajata ityākhyātaṃ tu mantragam . vidhāyakaṃ na vānyena samatvāttadvidhāyakam . yacchabdādeḥ kṣīṇaśaktirna vidhistrividhaṃ tataḥ . ākhyātamabhidhānaṃ ca pradhānaguṇakarmaṇī (comm.: ayaṃ mantra āmnāyate . devāṃśca yābhiryajate dadāti ca jyogittābhiḥ sacate gopatiḥ saheti .…tatra yathā brāhmaṇagatamākhyātapadaṃ pradhānaguṇakarmaṇoranyatarasya vidhāyakam . tathā mantragatamapīti cet .. maivam . yacchabdādinā vidhiśakteḥ kṣīṇatvāt . sati hi yacchabde tasya vākyasyānuvādakatvaṃ pratīyate . na tu vidhāyakatvam .…tasmādākhyātasya pradhānakarmavidhāyakatvaṃ guṇakarmavidhāyakatvaṃ cetyevaṃ dvāveva prakārau na bhavataḥ . kiṃtvabhidhāyakatvamityapyasti tṛtīyaḥ prakāraḥ . tato na mantragatākhyātasya vidhāyakatvam).—Comp. also bahvabhidhāna (in the sense of bahuvacana).

2) A proposition, a rule, an axiom; (this seems to be the sense of the word in the comm. on the Vājas. Prātiś. 4. 141., where abhidhāna would imply the axiom or law taught by the Sūtra; comp. the preceding words tasyaitaducyate).

3) The same as abhidhā Ii. 2.; e. g. Kāvyapr.: lakṣaṇātmakameva dhvananam . tadanugamena tasya darśanāt . na ca tadanugatameva . abhidhānāvalambanenāpi tasya bhāvānna cobhayānusāryeva.

4) The being named, the being expressed; e. g. in the Nyāya S.: kāraṇadravyasya pradeśaśabdenābhidhānāt; or in the Vedānta S.: jyotiścaraṇābhidhānāt; or chandobhidhānānneti cenna &c.; or sukhaviśiṣṭābhidhānādeva ca; or Jayamangala in the comm. on the Bhaṭṭik.: samaśabdenopamāyā abhidhānāt &c.; or Bharatas. in his comm. on the same: vṛddhikriyayostulyakālayorvavṛdha ityanenābhidhānāt.

5) Speech, discourse.

6) A vocabulary; e. g. Vopad.: kṛttaddhitasamāsānāmabhidhānaṃ niyāmakam; comp. also Colebr. Ess. Ii. p. 52. 2. m. n.

(-naḥ-nam) 1) A name, an appellation; e. g. Kirātārj.: tavābhidhānādvyathate natānanaḥ (Mallin.: tavābhidhānānnāmadheyānnāmadheyasmaraṇāt); or Śiśupālab.: jagati sumanasastadādi nūnaṃ dadhati parisphuṭamarthatobhidhānam; or Jaimini Sūtra: uktaṃ kriyābhidhānaṃ syāttadabhāve prasiddhaṃ syāt; comp. also the instance s. v. abhicāramantra.

2) A word; e. g. the Ṭīkā on the Sāhityad.: anvitābhidhānavādino (i. e. those who argue that the words of a sentence are logically connected) mīmāṃsakaguravastu kriyākārakayoḥ prathamata evānvayabodho jāyate tataḥ śaktigrahaḥ; or Kāvyapr.: himapayaḥśaṅkādyāśrayeṣu paramārthato bhinneṣu śuklādiṣu yadvaśena śuklaḥ śukla ityādyabhinnābhidhānapratyayotpattiḥ; or Suśruta: vyaktābhidhānamakhilena vidhiṃ nibodha &c.; or Manu: strīṇāṃ…āśīrvādābhidhānavat (scil. nāmadheyam).

3) A sound (?); comp. abhidhā Ii. 3. and the following article. [The double gender of the word is mentioned by the Siddhāntak., but apparently restricted to the meanings given under 2., for the Gaṇaratnam. which mentions the word in the Gaṇa ardharcādiPāṇ. Ii. 4. 31. —explains it abhidhānaṃ or abhidhāno nāma śabdaśca.] 3. f.

(-nī) (ved.) A rope, a halter; (thus explained by Kaiyyaṭa when speaking of the meanings of dhā with abhi, viz. abhipūrvastāvaddadhātirbandhanoccāraṇapratipādaneṣu vartate . aśvābhidhānīmādatta ityatra bandhanavṛttiḥ &c.). E. dhā with abhi, kṛt aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान):—[abhi-dhāna] (naṃ) 1. n. A name; speaking; a dictionary.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhidhāna (अभिधान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhihāṇa, Ahihāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhidhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhidhāna (अभिधान) [Also spelled abhidhan]:—(nm) a name; noun; nomenclature.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhidhana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhidhāna (ಅಭಿಧಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act of naming or calling by name.

2) [noun] a name.

3) [noun] expression or communication of thoughts and feelings by spoken words; speech.

4) [noun] mutual exchange of thoughts, feelings, opinions or ideas, by spoken words; conversation.

5) [noun] a book of words (usu. alphabetically listed) in a language, with definitions, etymologies, pronunciations, and other information either in the same language or in another language; a lexicon; a dictionary.

6) [noun] the meaning or literary expanse of a word.

7) [noun] fame; renown.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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