Avadhi: 19 definitions



Avadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Avadhi (अवधि) refers to the “remote”, as in, that which can be seen by the eyes of the Devas. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Avadhi (अवधि).—Limit,which is either exclusive or inclusive of the particular rule or word which characterizes it: cf. सर्वश्च हल् तं तमवधिं प्रति अन्त्यो भवति (sarvaśca hal taṃ tamavadhiṃ prati antyo bhavati) M. Bh. on I.3.3.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Avadhi (अवधि) or Avadhijñāna refers to “clairvoyant knowledge of physical objects” and represents one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Avadhi-jñāna is innate to gods and hell-inhabitants. Of others it is six-fold, characterized by destruction and suppression”.

Avadhi has six sub-divisions (cf. Tattvārthādhigamasūtra 1.23 with commentary):—

  1. anānugāmika, it is extinguished if they change place;
  2. ānugāmika, it is not extinguished;
  3. hīyamānaka, in some its sphere of influence is greatly diminished or it disappears completely;
  4. vardhamānaka, its sphere of influence increases greatly;
  5. anavasthita, in some cases it is fluctuating or intermittent;
  6. avasthita, constant and unfluctuating.
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Avadhi (अवधि, “clairvoyance”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9-10—What is meant by avadhi (clairvoyance)? The crisp knowledge of concrete objects/entities acquired, without the assistance of the mind and sensory organs but with the limitations of substance, modes, time and place is called clairvoyance.

How many types of clairvoyance (avadhi-jñāna) are there and what are their names? There are two main types of clairvoyance, namely: with state as the cause (bhava-pratyaya) and the spiritual purification by partial subsidence-cum-destruction of Karmas (guṇa-pratyaya) as the cause of clairvoyance.

How is clairvoyance (avadhi) classified in another manner? There are three other types of clairvoyance namely 1) deśa; 2) parama; 3) sarva. Who are the owners of these classes of clairvoyant knowledge? Generally clairvoyance is possible to be attained by the living beings in all the four destinies /states (gati). However the deśāvadhi can be attained by living beings in human and sub-human states with right faith. The other two types, namely parmāvadhi and sarvāvadhi, are possible only for the monks who are shortly going to attain liberation.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Avadhi (अवधि, “clairvoyance”) refers to one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary clairvoyance (avadhi-riddhi)? Owner of clairvoyant knowledge cognizesdirectly, the concrete objects within certain limitations of the time periods and distance and without the assistance of sense organs. It is of three types namely partial (deśa), all (sarva) and supreme (parama).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Avadhi (अवधि, “clairvoyance”) refers to one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by clairvoyance obscuring karma (avadhi-āvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the clairvoyance knowledge is called clairvoyance knowledge obscuring karma. Avadhi is also known as Avadhijñānāvaraṇa or Avadhijñānāvaraṇīya.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Avadhi (अवधि) in Sanskrit (Ohi in Prakrit) refers to “clairvoyance” and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., avadhi, “clairvoyance”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33.

There are various types of clairvoyance (avadhi). When considered to relate to one’s own condition – bhava-pratyaya – it is manifested in gods and hell-beings. Humans and animals with five senses can achieve clairvoyance resulting from the ending and destruction of karmas – kṣayopaśama – from ascetic practices.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Avadhi.—cf. avadher = anantaram (LP), ‘after the time limit is over’. Note: avadhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Avadhī.—language of Avadh (Oudh). Note: avadhī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

avadhi : (m.) boundary; limit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Avadhi, 3 sg. aor. of vadhati.—At DhA. II, 73 avadhi = odhi. (Page 83)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avadhi (अवधि).—m f (S) A limit or boundary; a point of time at which begins or ends any work or business; or a point or line of space marking and defining a thing or body. 2 Intermediate or intervening time or space; a term, period, interval, distance. 3 The standard or measure of a comparison: that than which a thing is affirmed to be greater or less, better or worse &c. 4 The starting post or the goal, the commencing or the terminating point (of a career or course). 5 Root, seat, parent; the stock from which a body is separated or an action proceeds. 6 Used as prep In comp. Until or up to. Ex. parjanyakālāvadhi, rā- tryavadhi, kālāvadhi, dēśāvadhi, dina-māsa-varṣa-avadhi; or (vulgarly) During or whilst; through the time of the continuance of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avadhi (अवधि).—m f A limit or boundary. Interval.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avadhi (अवधि).—[ava-dhā-ki]

1) Application, attention.

2) Boundary, limit exclusive or inclusive, (in time or space); conclusion, determination; एकैकस्य जगत्त्रयप्रमथनत्राणाव- धिर्योग्यता (ekaikasya jagattrayapramathanatrāṇāva- dhiryogyatā) Mv.1.46; रवितेजसामवधिनाधिवेष्टितम् (ravitejasāmavadhinādhiveṣṭitam) Ki.12.22.

3) Furthest limit; दृष्ट आह्लादनीयानामवधिः (dṛṣṭa āhlādanīyānāmavadhiḥ) K.124; स्मरशापाव- धिदां सरस्वतीम् (smaraśāpāva- dhidāṃ sarasvatīm) Ku.4.43; conclusion; oft. at the end of comp., in the sense of 'ending with', 'as far as', 'till'; एष ते जीवितावधिः प्रवादः (eṣa te jīvitāvadhiḥ pravādaḥ) U.1. तत्प्रत्यागमनकालावधयोऽपि तावत् ध्रियन्तां प्राणाः (tatpratyāgamanakālāvadhayo'pi tāvat dhriyantāṃ prāṇāḥ) K.171; व्याडी रक्षतु मे देहं ततः प्रत्यागमावधि (vyāḍī rakṣatu me dehaṃ tataḥ pratyāgamāvadhi) Ks.4.1; स्कन्धः स्यान्मूलाच्छाखावधिस्तरोः (skandhaḥ syānmūlācchākhāvadhistaroḥ) Ak.

4) Period of time, time; सर्वे निदाघावधिना प्रमृष्टाः (sarve nidāghāvadhinā pramṛṣṭāḥ) R.16.52; शेषान् मासान् विरहदिवसस्थापितस्यावधेर्वा (śeṣān māsān virahadivasasthāpitasyāvadhervā) Me.89; अपि समाप्तः वनवासस्यावधिः (api samāptaḥ vanavāsasyāvadhiḥ) Mv.7,2.48; विवाहं मासावधिकमकल्पयत् (vivāhaṃ māsāvadhikamakalpayat) Dk.54,174; K. 328; Ki.12.17; यदवधि-तदवधि (yadavadhi-tadavadhi) from or ever since, till Bv.2.79; अथ चेदवधिः प्रतीक्ष्यते (atha cedavadhiḥ pratīkṣyate) Ki.2.16.

5) An engage ment, appointment; रमणीयोऽवधिर्विधिना विसंवादितः (ramaṇīyo'vadhirvidhinā visaṃvāditaḥ) Ś.6.

6) A division, district, department; जनपदतदवध्योश्च (janapadatadavadhyośca) P.IV.2.124.

7) A hole, pit.

8) Authority, standard (pramāṇa); वयं तु भरतादेशावधिं कृत्वा हरीश्वर (vayaṃ tu bharatādeśāvadhiṃ kṛtvā harīśvara) Rām.4.18.25. °ता, °त्वम् (tā, °tvam) limit, limitation.

Derivable forms: avadhiḥ (अवधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadhi (अवधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. Limit, division 2. Period. time. 3. A hole, a pit. 4. Agreement, engagement. 5. Conclusion, termination. 6. Attention, application. 7. Care. E. ava, dhā to have, ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadhi (अवधि).—i. e. ava-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. 1. Limit. 2. End.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadhi (अवधि).—[masculine] limit, term, period. avadhi (—°) & dhes ([genetive] or —°) till, as far as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avadhi (अवधि):—[=ava-dhi] [from ava-dhā] m. attention, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a term, limit, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] conclusion, termination, [Kumāra-sambhava iv, 43; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] surrounding district, environs, neighbourhood, [Pāṇini 4-2, 124]

5) [v.s. ...] a hole, pit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] period, time, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] ind. until, up to (in [compound]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) Avadhī (अवधी):—[=ava-√dhī] ([imperfect tense] -dīdhet) to watch or lie in wait for ([dative case]), [Ṛg-veda x, 144, 3.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Avadhi (अवधि):—(von dhā mit ava) m.

1) Aufmerksamkeit (s. avadhāna) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 341.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 26.] —

2) Grenze, Grenzpunkt [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 102. 189.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 214.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 962.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 341.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 26.] atha punaretya tamavadhiṃ saṃchādayati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 8, 7, 1, 12.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 35,] [Scholiast] [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 34.] mūlācchākhāvadhirgaṇḍeḥ der Theil von der Wurzel bis zu den Aesten heisst ga [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1120.] kurukṣetraṃ dvādaśayojanāvadhi Kur. erstreckt sich auf 12 Yojana [950.] avadhibhūta [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 24,] [Scholiast] smaraśāpāvadhi [Kumārasaṃbhava 4, 43.] śāpadoṣo yaṃ puṣpadantāgamāvadhiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 2, 24.] sāvadhim tilottamāśāpaṃ kathayitvā [9, 52.] avadhi adv. bis, am Ende eines comp.: vyāḍī rakṣatu me dehaṃ tataḥ pratyāgamāvadhi [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 100.] abl. avadhes dass.: śarāvatyāstu yo vadheḥ .. deśaḥ prāgdakṣiṇaḥ prācyaḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 6. 7.] skandhaḥ syānmūlācchākhāvadheḥ taroḥ [2, 4, 1,10.] pūrve śukrāvadheḥ die voranstehenden Wörter bis śukra [2, 6, 2, 7.] triliṅgā vāsitāvadheḥ (die Wörter) bis vāsita sind trium generum [2, 9, 44.] śeṣānmāsāṃgamanadivasasthāpitasyāvadheḥ die übrig bleibenden Monate bis zu dem am Tage der Abreise festgesetzten Termin [Meghadūta 85.] —

3) District: janapadatadavadhyośca [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 124.] tadavadhirapi janapada eva gṛhyate na grāmaḥ [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu d. St. —

4) Höhle [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 102.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 341.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 26.] Vgl. avaṭa und avaṭi . —

5) Zeit [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 214.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa dh.] Vgl. u. 2.

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Avadhi (अवधि):—

2) tatra caivāsanvīrā māsatrayāvadhi drei Monate lang [Kathāsaritsāgara 62, 146.]

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Avadhi (अवधि):—

2) vartamānāvadhisvareṇa so v. a. mit dem bisherigen Tone Comm. zu [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 3, 13, 19.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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