Avahana, aka: Āvahana, Āvāhana, Avāhana; 9 Definition(s)


Avahana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Āvāhana (आवाहन) or Āvāhanamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 66.—Accordingly, “the right hand shall be slightly bent in the direction of the heart. The two thumbs shall be held apart and be more visible. This is the mudrā for invocation”. Mūdra (eg., Āvāha-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Āvāhana (आवाहन) and Utsavana refers to rituals involving dhruvaberas (consecrated images installed within the garbhagṛha of the temple).—The tirumañjanam (holy adoration) with oil, milk, and ghee is not performed for the dhruva-bera every day. Instead, the energies of the presiding deity are consecrated into another image called kautuka which is made out of metal and placed nearby. This ritual is called āvāhana. The energies that are transferred from the dhruva-bera to the kautuka every morning are again anchored back into the main deity every night. This is known as utsavana. Thus, the two rituals āvāhana and utsavana are carried out to the dhruva-bera every day.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Avahana in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āvāhana (आवाहन, “invocation”) refers to one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, invocation (āvāhana)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Avahana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āvahana : (nt.) (in cpds.), bringing; bearing; conducive. || āvāhana (nt.) taking in marriage; wedding.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āvāhana, (nt.) (ā + vshana, of vah) — 1. = āvāha, i.e. marriage, taking a wife D. I, 11 (= āvāha-karaṇa DA. I, 96).—2. “getting up, bringing together", i.e. a mass, a group or formation, in senā° a contingent of an army J. IV, 91. (Page 112)

— or —

Āvahana, (adj) (-°) (= āvaha) bringing, causing Th. 1, 519; Sn. 256. (Page 112)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Avahana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āvāhana (आवाहन).—n S Summoning or invoking (a divinity to occupy an image just prepared to receive him, or to enter into any object, when, for the due performance of some rite or ceremony, his presence is required). 2 Summoning or calling.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āvāhana (आवाहन).—n Invoking; calling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avāhana (अवाहन).—a. Having no carriage, not driving in a carriage.

--- OR ---

Āvahana (आवहन).—Bringing near, producing.

Derivable forms: āvahanam (आवहनम्).

--- OR ---

Āvāhana (आवाहन).—

1) Sending for, inviting, calling.

2) Invoking a deity (to be present) (opp. visarjana); आवाहने विनियोगः, आवाहनं न जानामि न जानामि तवार्चनम् (āvāhane viniyogaḥ, āvāhanaṃ na jānāmi na jānāmi tavārcanam) Pūjā Mantra.

3) Offering oblations to fire; आवाहनाग्नौकरणरहितं ह्यपसव्यवत् (āvāhanāgnaukaraṇarahitaṃ hyapasavyavat) Y.1.251.

-nī A particular position of the hands at the time of invoking a deity; हस्ताभ्यामञ्जलिं बद्ध्वाऽनामिका- मूलपर्वणोः । अङ्गुष्ठौ निक्षिपेत्सेयं मुद्रा त्वावाहनी स्मृता (hastābhyāmañjaliṃ baddhvā'nāmikā- mūlaparvaṇoḥ | aṅguṣṭhau nikṣipetseyaṃ mudrā tvāvāhanī smṛtā) || Śabdak.

Derivable forms: āvāhanam (आवाहनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Āvāhanamudrā (आवाहनमुद्रा) or simply Āvāha is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhit...
Padmāsana (पद्मासन) or Kamalāsana refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to ...
Yogāsana (योगासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati Sthapat...
Nitya (नित्य) refers to “daily prayers” and represents one of the three rites of virtue, accord...
Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati Sthap...
Upacāra (उपचार) refers to a the “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while expl...
Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to “mystical discharge and conclusion” and represents one of the six...
Anantāsana (अनन्तासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to T. A. G. Rao...
āvhāna (आव्हान) [-āvāhana, -आवाहन].—n Challenge.--- OR --- āvhāna (आव्हान).—n a Call, invitatio...
Vimalāsana (विमलासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to T. A. G. Rao ...
Utsavana (उत्सवन) and Āvāhana refers to rituals involving dhruvaberas (consecrated images insta...
Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m. pl. the sixteen ways of doing homage to a deity &c.; they are thus...
āvāhaṇēṃ (आवाहणें).—v t Summon, invoke.
Āvahanaka, (adj. -nt) (= āvahana) one who brings VvA. 114 (sukhassa). (Page 112)
āvāhanavisarjana (आवाहनविसर्जन).—Summoning and dismis- sing. Invoking and discharging.

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