Jnanavarana, Jñānāvaraṇa, Jnana-avarana: 5 definitions


Jnanavarana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Jnanavarana in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Jñānāvaraṇa (ज्ञानावरण) or Jñānāvaraṇīya refers to “knowledge obscuring (karmas)” and represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—Accordingly, “what is meant by obscuring (āvaraṇa)? It means to put a veil or cover or to hide. The cover used to hide is called āvaraṇa. What is meant by knowledge obscuring karma (jñānāvaraṇa)? The karma which obscures or covers the knowledge attribute of the soul is called knowledge obscuring karma”.

The five sub divisions of knowledge obscuring karma (jñānāvaraṇa) are:

  1. sensory knowledge (mati-jñāna),
  2. scriptural knowledge (śruta-jñāna), 
  3. clairvoyance (avadhi), 
  4. telepathy (manaḥparyaya),
  5. omniscience (kevala).

In what type of living beings are these five sub divisions of knowledge obscuring karmas found (jñānāvaraṇa)? These are found in both capable of salvation (bhavya) and incapable of salvation (abhavya) living beings.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jnanavarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñānāvaraṇa (ज्ञानावरण):—[from jñāna > jñā] n. ‘knowledge-cover’, error, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iii] ([Jaina literature])

[Sanskrit to German]

Jnanavarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jnanavarana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jñānāvaraṇa (ಜ್ಞಾನಾವರಣ):—[noun] (Jain.) an action or series of actions that hinder the pursuit of knowledge; a knowledge-depriving action.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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