Atma, aka: Ātma, Ātmā; 7 Definition(s)
Atma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Ātma (आत्म) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Ātmanṛsiṃha or Ātmanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
1) Ātma (आत्म).—Has no guṇas. Twelve characteristics of.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 18. 50; VII. 1. 7-9; 7. 19-20.
2) Ātmā (आत्मा).—That which is attained, which is taken away and that which is, and hence the ever present bhāva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 5. 34-5.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Ātma (आत्मा): The underlying metaphysical self, sometimes translated as spirit or soul.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)
Ātma (आत्म) or Ātmadhāraṇī refers to “the rentention of oneself” and represents the “four retentions” (dhāraṇī) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 52). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ātma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
General definition (in Jainism)
Ātma (आत्म).—How many categories of sentients/ soul / jīva / ātma are there? There are two main categories of soul, namely: empirical (saṃsārī) and pure or liberated (mukta). (see Tattvārthasūtra 2.10)(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
ātmā (आत्मा).—m (S) The vivifying principle; the animal soul or life. 2 The soul of the universe, brahma (anima mundi); or the immaterial and immortal spirit of man considered as identical with it. 3 The self, the abstract person or individual. 4 The nature or constitution; the natural temperament or disposition. 5 This word is further used to express--The intellect or understanding; the faculty of reason; wind or air; the body. Note. Countless compounds are formed with ātma after the assumption of क. See क.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ātmā (आत्मा).—m The soul; the self; the nature; the intellect.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Ātmadhāraṇī (आत्मधारणी) or simply Ātma refers to “the rentention of oneself” and represents the...
Ātmanṛsiṃha (आत्मनृसिंह) is short for Ātma, one of the aspects of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), accordi...
Ātmanarasiṃha (आत्मनरसिंह) is short for Ātma, one of the aspects of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), accor...
Ātmapradeśa (आत्मप्रदेश, “soul-points”).—What is meant by space-points of soul? The space occup...
Ātmaviparyāsa (आत्मविपर्यास) refers to the “mistake on the self” and represents one of the “fou...
Nivṛttātma (निवृत्तात्म):—Nivṛtta means indifference. The one who has renounced worldl...
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Ātmāṅgula (आत्माङ्गुल).—A type of aṅgula (‘finger-measure’) used as a Jain unit of measurement;...
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Ātman (आत्मन्).—m. [at-maniṇ Uṇ 4.152 said to be from an to breathe also] 'आत्मा यत्नो धृतिर्बु...
Jīva (जीव) refers to a “living being” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.2.—Who is ...
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Search found 94 books and stories containing Atma, Ātma or Ātmā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tejobindu Upanishad of Krishna-yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Shandilya Upanishad of Atharvaveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Subala Upanishad of Shukla-yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.3.33 < [Chapter 3 - Prapancatita: Beyond the Material World]
Verse 2.4.31 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.3.159 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Isha Upanishad (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Narada Parivrajaka Upanishad of Atharvaveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)