Prameya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prameya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prameya in Nyaya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Prameya (प्रमेय) refers to the “objects of valid knowledge”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Prameya (प्रमेय) refers to the “objects of valid knowledge” and is the second of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). The literal meaning of prameya is the object of valid knowledge. Prameya is known through the pramāṇa.

There are twelve prameyas. These are:

  1. ātmā (self),
  2. śarīra (body),
  3. indriya (senses),
  4. artha (object of senses),
  5. buddhi (cognition),
  6. manas (mind),
  7. pravṛtti (activity),
  8. doṣa (fault),
  9. pretyabhāva (transmigration),
  10. phala (fruit),
  11. duḥkha (pain),
  12. apavarga (liberation).
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pramēya (प्रमेय).—a S To be proved; that which can be or is to be proved; which admits of or is the subject or proof.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pramēya (प्रमेय).—n Theorem.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prameya (प्रमेय).—a.

1) Measurable, finite.

2) To be proved, demonstrable.

-yam 1 An object of certain knowledge, a demonstrated conclusion, theorem.

2) The thing to be proved, the topic to be proved or discussed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prameya (प्रमेय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Proveable, what may or ought to be proved. 2. 2. Measurable, finite. n.

(-yaṃ) 1. The thing to be proved. 2. In logic, the second head, or topic including twelve objects, as the soul, body, &c. or the form and end of existence. E. pra before, to measure, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prameya (प्रमेय).—[adjective] measurable, provable, discernible; [neuter] object of certain knowledge, the thing to be proved.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prameya (प्रमेय):—[=pra-meya] [from pra-mita > pra-mā] a mfn. to be measured, measurable (also = limited, small, insignificant, [Naiṣadha-carita]), to be ascertained or proved, provable, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] that of which a correct notion should be formed, [Vedāntasāra]

3) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) an object of certain knowledge, the thing to be proved or the topic to be discussed, [Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]; Vedāntasāra; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 63])

4) [=pra-meya] b See p. 686, col. 1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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