Akritatman, Akṛtātman, Akrita-atman: 10 definitions


Akritatman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Akṛtātman can be transliterated into English as Akrtatman or Akritatman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Akritatman in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Mahābhārata

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्) is one whose soul is not made or formed; generally, “a person of unsubdued passions” according to a footnote on the Mahābhārata chapter 6.39 (Bhagavadgītā chapter 15).

Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्) refers to those men “having unformed minds”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.29. Accordingly:—“[...] Sītā was distressed to hear these words of Rāma and spoke these words slowly, with her face with tears: ‘[...] Oh valiant prince! I know that in the forest (vana), sufferings indeed are many and are invariably obtained by men having unformed minds (akṛtātman)’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्) refers to “unregenerate people”, according to the Manusmṛti chapter 6.73. Accordingly:—“by the practice of meditation he shall recognise the presence of this Inner Soul in all beings, high and low,—which is difficult to understand by unregenerate people (akṛtātman)”.

Note: Akṛtātman or “unregenerate person” is one whose ‘Ātman’, soul, mind, is‘akṛta’, untutored. By such persons the Inner Soul cannot be grasped.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Akritatman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्).—a.

1) ignorant, foolish, having an uncontrolled mind.

2) not identified with Brahma or the Supreme Spirit.

Akṛtātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms akṛta and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्).—mfn. (-tmā-tmā-tma) Not identified or made one with oneself, especially in a spiritual sense, not one with spirit, or God. E. akṛta unmade, ātman self.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्).—[A-kṛta-], adj. whose mind is not improved, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 73.

Akṛtātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms akṛta and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्).—[adjective] of uncultivated mind, rude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्):—[from a-kṛta] mfn. having an unformed mind

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akṛtātman (अकृतात्मन्):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-tmā-tmā-tma) 1) One who has not subdued the senses, not governed the mind.

2) One who has not attained spiritual perfection or union with the supreme spirit. E. a neg. and kṛtātman.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akritatman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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