Aya, aka: Āya, Āyā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Aya (अय).—A son of Vasiṣṭha, and a Prajāpati of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 9.

1b) A son of Devakī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 173.

2) Āya (आय).—A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Āya (आय, “profit”) refers to the first of āyādiṣaḍvarga, six principles that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object, according to the Mānasāra. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

Āya signifies “profit”; its twelve “fruits” or effects are:

  1. śāstra, “weapon”;
  2. vṛddhi, “increase”;
  3. bharaṇa, “reign”;
  4. śubhāvaha, “invoking auspiciousness”;
  5. cakṣu, “eye”;
  6. buddhi, “intelligence”;
  7. rūpa, “form”;
  8. sumaṅgala, “bringing good fortune”;
  9. śrīkara, “acquiring wealth”;
  10. sukhada, “granting comfort”;
  11. suvṛddhida, “granting great increase”;
  12. puṣkala “abundance”.

Being the effects of āya, “profit”, all of these may be assumed as auspicious.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Āya (आय) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Āya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a cuckoo. A viṇā is in his both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Āya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Āya (आय).—(I) the affix आय (āya) applied to the roots गुप्, धूप् (gup, dhūp) and others ending with which they are looked upon as roots; cf. P. III.1.28: P.III.1. 32. The affix is applied optionally when an ārdhadhātuka affix is to follow, e.g. गोपायिता, गोप्ता (gopāyitā, goptā); cf. P.III. 1.31; (2) augment; cf. असतो वर्णस्य उपजनः (asato varṇasya upajanaḥ) R. Prāt. XIV. 1 Uvaṭa.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Aya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: aya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Āya.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. (EI 33; CII 3; SII 1, 2), a fiscal term meaning ‘revenue’, ‘tax’. (SITI), literally, income; a general term denoting ‘taxes’; cf. vaḻiy-āyam (SITI), tolls on the roadway. (HRS), revenue in general according to the Arthaśāstra and other authorities; a special branch of revenue according to the inscriptions of the Uccakalpa kings and later epigraphs. (CITD), profit, income, receipt; tribute; corn given by the well-to-do villagers to the hereditary servants of the village as their established fees of office. Note: āya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

aya : (m.) income. (m.; nt.), iron. || āya (m.), income; profit.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Aya, 2 (fr. i, go) 1. income, in aya-potthaka receipt book J. I, 2.—2. inlet (for water, aya-mukha) D. I, 74; A. II, 166, IV. 287. (Page 75)

2) Aya, 1 see ayo. (Page 74)

— or —

Āya, (Sk. āya; ā + i) 1. coming in, entrance M. III, 93. ‹-› 2. tax J. V, 113.—3. income, earning, profit, gain (opp. vaya loss) A. IV, 282 = 323; Sn. 978; J. I, 228; KhA 38 (in expln. of kāya), 82 (in etym. of āyatana); PvA. 130. ‹-› 4. (āyā f. ?) a lucky dice (“the incomer") J. VI, 281.

—kammika a treasurer DhA. I, 184. —kusala clever in earnings Nett 20. —kosalla proficiency in money making D. III, 220 (one of the three kosallas); Vbh. 325. —pariccāga expediture of one’s income PvA. 8. —mukha (lit.) entrance, inflow, going in D. I, 74 (= āgamana-magga DA 1. 78); M. II, 15; A. II, 166; (fig.) revenue income, money SnA 173. (Page 104)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ayā (अया).—m A compellation of respect amongst the liṅgāīta people.

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āya (आय).—m (S) Gain or profit: also receipt or income. 2 A term for the remainder or the cipher after a division, by eight, of the product of a multiplication together of the designed length and breadth of a house to be erected. It represents, according to its amount in numerical order, a banner, smoke, a lion, a dog, a bull, an ass, an elephant, a crow; which are emblematic of royalty, of the culinary function, of war, of hunting &c. &c.; and which stand in certain connections of suitableness with the eight regions or points of the compass. It indicates therefore the station or occupation; and thus, the figure and description and aspect of house, to which the given dimensions are appropriate. And if the station, profession, or purpose of the builder, and the size, shape, aspect &c. of the house thus indicated, correspond not with the circumstances and intentions actually existing, the dimensions must be varied and the calculation be continued, till the āya required be produced, and all disagreement be removed.

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āya (आय).—f (See āī) A mother.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āya (आय).—m Income; gain. f A mother.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aya (अय).—a. Going, moving.

-yaḥ 1 Going, moving (mostly in comp., as in astamaya).

2) Good actions of former birth.

3) Good fortune, good luck (śubhāvaho vidhiḥ) शुद्धपार्ष्णिरयान्वितः (śuddhapārṣṇirayānvitaḥ) R.4.26. पातु वासवदत्तायो महासेनोऽतिवीर्यवान् (pātu vāsavadattāyo mahāseno'tivīryavān) Pratijñā.1.1.

4) A move towards the right (in chess).

5) A die or cube (to play with); अया इव परि चरन्ति देवाः (ayā iva pari caranti devāḥ) Rv.1.116.9; कलिः सर्वानयानभिभवति (kaliḥ sarvānayānabhibhavati) Śat. Br. cf. अयः पुंसि गतावपि । शुभावहे चाभ्युदये (ayaḥ puṃsi gatāvapi | śubhāvahe cābhyudaye)...... ()| Nm.

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Ayā (अया).—ind. Ved. Thus, in this manner.

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Āya (आय).—[ā-i-ac, ay-ghañ vā]

1) Arrival, approach; आये वामस्य संगथे रयीणाम् (āye vāmasya saṃgathe rayīṇām) Rv.2.38.1.

2) Gaining or acquisition of money, acquiring (opp. vyaya); आये दुःखं व्यये दुःखं धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः (āye duḥkhaṃ vyaye duḥkhaṃ dhigarthāḥ kaṣṭasaṃśrayāḥ) Pt.1.163.

3) Income, revenue; receipt; ग्रामेषु स्वामिग्राह्यो भाग आयः (grāmeṣu svāmigrāhyo bhāga āyaḥ) Sk.; Y.1.322,327; Mk.2.6; आयद्वाराणि (āyadvārāṇi) Dk.162 sources of income; आयव्ययौ च नियतावाकरान् कोषमेव च (āyavyayau ca niyatāvākarān koṣameva ca) Ms.8.419; आयाधिकं व्ययं करोति (āyādhikaṃ vyayaṃ karoti) he lives beyond his means.

4) Gain, profit.

5) The eleventh house (in astrology).

6) The guard of the women's apartments.

7) Means, source; मार्ग- त्यायशतैरर्थान् (mārga- tyāyaśatairarthān) Mb.13.163.5.

Derivable forms: āyaḥ (आयः).

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Āya (आय).—1 U.

1) To extend, lengthen out, stretch out; वस्त्रं-पाणिं-आयच्छते (vastraṃ-pāṇiṃ-āyacchate) Sk.; स्वाङ्गमायच्छमानः (svāṅgamāyacchamānaḥ) Ś.4. v. l.; आय- च्छति कूपाद्रज्जुम् (āya- cchati kūpādrajjum) Sk. draws up; बाणमुद्यतमायसीत् (bāṇamudyatamāyasīt) Bk.6.119 stretched out.

2) To restrain, draw in (as breath &c.); त्रिरायम्य शनैरसून् (trirāyamya śanairasūn) Ms.3.217,11.1; प्राणानायम्य (prāṇānāyamya) Y.1.24.

3) To stretch oneself, to grow long (Ātm.); P.I.3.28.

4) To grasp, possess; श्रियमायच्छमानाभिः (śriyamāyacchamānābhiḥ) Bk.8.46.

5) To bring or lead towards. -Caus.

1) To lengthen, stretch, spread or draw out.

2) To remove, transplant.

Derivable forms: āyam (आयम्).

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Āyā (आया).—2 P.

1) To come, arrive, approach.

2) To reach, attain, go to (any particular state); क्षयम्, वशम्, बन्धनम्, तुलाम् (kṣayam, vaśam, bandhanam, tulām) &c. ब्राह्मणो निर्वेदमायात् (brāhmaṇo nirvedamāyāt) Muṇḍa 1.2.12; आयातु वरदा देवी (āyātu varadā devī) Mahānār. 15.1.

3) To follow, result.

4) To be possible or practicable (with inf.).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 181 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Antaraya
Antarāya (अन्तराय).—nt. (only m. in Sanskrit and Pali), hindrance: LV 111.6 (verse) na cāntarāy...
Niraya
Niraya (निरय).—m. (-yaḥ) Hell. E. nir out, beyound, aya good fortune.--- OR --- Nirāya (निराय)....
Paṇaya
Paṇāyā (पणाया).—f. (-yā) Business, affair, transaction, buying and selling, &c. 2. Profits ...
Hiranyaya
Hiraṇyaya (हिरण्यय).—f. (-yī) Adj. Golden. E. hiraṇya, mayaṭ aff.
Siddhaya
Siddha-aya.—(EI 23; SII 11-2; ASLV), fixed income; regular income; same as Tamil sidd-āyam, som...
Vataya
Vātāya (वाताय).—n. (-yaṃ) A leaf. E. vāta wind, ay to go, aff. ac .
Ayamukha
Āyamukha (आयमुख).—Forms of revenue; Kau. A.2.6. Derivable forms: āyamukham (आयमुखम्).Āyamukha i...
Kash-aya
Kāś-āya.—(SITI), same as kāśu-āyam; taxes and dues payable in coin; also called kāś-āya-vargam,...
Danda-aya
Daṇḍa-aya.—(IA 29; SII 11-1), income from fines; explain- ed as ‘a tax’; cf. ‘the whole of the ...
Bhakta-aya
Bhakta-aya.—cf. Kannaḍa bhatta-aya (SII 11-1); same as bhakta-adāya. Note: bhakta-aya is define...
Sarv-aya-sahita
Sarv-āya-sahita.—(Ind. Ant., Vol. XIX, p. 247, text line 203), ‘together with the entire income...
Avanda-aya
Avaṇḍa-aya.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. V, p. 96), Telugu; name of a tax. Note: avaṇḍa-aya is defined in th...
Dhany-aya
Dhāny-āya.—(EI 7), tax in-grains; cf. dhāny-ādāya; called nĕll-āyam (SII 12) in Tamil. Note: dh...
Vishesha-aya
Viśeṣa-aya.—(SITI), same as viśeṣa-adāya (q. v.). Note: viśeṣa-aya is defined in the “Indian ep...
Parikha-aya
Pārikha-aya.—(IA 19), a levy; cf. Pārikh, pārīkṣika. Note: pārikha-aya is defined in the “India...

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