Anatman, Anātman, Anātmā, Anatma: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Anatman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Anātmā (अनात्मा) refers to “not soul; inert matter”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Anātma (अनात्म) refers to “selfless”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight purities of the insight (prajñā) of the Bodhisattvas. What are the eight? To with, [...] (5) although they teach four summaries of the dharma, they never see anything in impermanence (anitya), suffering (duḥkha), selfless (anātma), or quiescence (śānta); (6) although they teach to enter into action and duties, they are free from karmic result and also not disturbed by performing deeds; (7) although they are established in the knowledge of teachings which is beyond discursive thinking, they elucidate the division of words of all teachings; (8) they attain the illumination of all teachings and teach living beings about impurity and purification”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Shambala Publications: General

Anātman Skt. (Pali, anatta); nonself, non-essentiality; one of the three marks of every­thing existing. The anātman doctrine is one of the central teachings of Bud­dhism; it says that no self exists in the sense of a permanent, eternal, integral, and independent substance within an individual existent. Thus the ego in Buddhism is no more than a transito­ry and changeable—and therefore a suffering-prone—empirical personality put together from the five aggregates (skandha).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Anātmā (अनात्मा).—n S Matter:--as opp. to ātmā Spirit. Ex. nitya tō parātmā anitya tō a0

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Destitute of spirit or mind.

2) Not spiritual, corporeal.

3) One who has not restrained his self; अनात्मनस्तु शत्रुत्वे वर्तेतात्मैवशत्रुवत् (anātmanastu śatrutve vartetātmaivaśatruvat) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.6. -m. [अप्रशस्तो भिन्नो वा आत्मा न (apraśasto bhinno vā ātmā na). त (ta).] Not self, another, something different from आत्मन् (ātman) (spirit or soul) i. e. the perishable body; अप्राप्तः प्राप्यते योऽयमत्यन्तं त्यज्यतेऽथवा । जानीयात्तमनात्मानं बुद्धयन्तं वपुरादिकम् ॥ अनात्मन्यात्मबुद्धिर्या साऽ- विद्या परिकीर्तिता (aprāptaḥ prāpyate yo'yamatyantaṃ tyajyate'thavā | jānīyāttamanātmānaṃ buddhayantaṃ vapurādikam || anātmanyātmabuddhiryā sā'- vidyā parikīrtitā) ||

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्).—[masculine] not the soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anātman (अनात्मन्):—[=an-ātman] m. not self, another

2) [v.s. ...] something different from spirit or soul

3) [v.s. ...] unreal, [Divyāvadāna]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. not spiritual, corporeal, destitute of spirit or mind, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātma (अनात्म):—[=an-ātma] [from an-ātman] (in [compound] for an-ātman).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-tmā) 1) No-soul, other than spirit or soul.

2) Not self, other. E. a neg. and ātman. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-tmā-tmā-tma) Without spirit or soul. E. a priv. and ātman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—[anā+tman] (tmāḥ-tma) a. Corporeal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anātman (अनात्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇappa, Aṇāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anatman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anatman in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anātma (अनात्म) [Also spelled anatm]:—(nm) non-self, (something) different from spirit or soul; (a) corporeal, non-spiritual; ~[vāda/~vāditā] materialism; ~[vādī] a materialist; materialistic.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anātma (ಅನಾತ್ಮ):—

1) [noun] that which is devoid of spirit or mind; a soulless thing.

2) [noun] that which is different from the spirit, mind or soul; an unconscious matter.

3) [noun] a person who is devoid of spiritual knowledge.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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