Anatman, Anātman: 8 definitions



Anatman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Shambala Publications: General

Anātman Skt. (Pali, anatta); nonself, non-essentiality; one of the three marks of every­thing existing. The anātman doctrine is one of the central teachings of Bud­dhism; it says that no self exists in the sense of a permanent, eternal, integral, and independent substance within an individual existent. Thus the ego in Buddhism is no more than a transito­ry and changeable—and therefore a suffering-prone—empirical personality put together from the five aggregates (skandha).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Destitute of spirit or mind.

2) Not spiritual, corporeal.

3) One who has not restrained his self; अनात्मनस्तु शत्रुत्वे वर्तेतात्मैवशत्रुवत् (anātmanastu śatrutve vartetātmaivaśatruvat) Bg.6.6. -m. [अप्रशस्तो भिन्नो वा आत्मा न (apraśasto bhinno vā ātmā na). त (ta).] Not self, another, something different from आत्मन् (ātman) (spirit or soul) i. e. the perishable body; अप्राप्तः प्राप्यते योऽयमत्यन्तं त्यज्यतेऽथवा । जानीयात्तमनात्मानं बुद्धयन्तं वपुरादिकम् ॥ अनात्मन्यात्मबुद्धिर्या साऽ- विद्या परिकीर्तिता (aprāptaḥ prāpyate yo'yamatyantaṃ tyajyate'thavā | jānīyāttamanātmānaṃ buddhayantaṃ vapurādikam || anātmanyātmabuddhiryā sā'- vidyā parikīrtitā) ||

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्).—[masculine] not the soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anātman (अनात्मन्):—[=an-ātman] m. not self, another

2) [v.s. ...] something different from spirit or soul

3) [v.s. ...] unreal, [Divyāvadāna]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. not spiritual, corporeal, destitute of spirit or mind, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-tmā) 1) No-soul, other than spirit or soul.

2) Not self, other. E. a neg. and ātman. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-tmā-tmā-tma) Without spirit or soul. E. a priv. and ātman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—[anā+tman] (tmāḥ-tma) a. Corporeal.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—1. (3. a + ātman) m.

1) was nicht Geist ist [Bhagavadgītā 6, 6.] —

2) nicht selbst, ein andrer; dadurch wird para erklärt [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 193.]

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Anātman (अनात्मन्):—2. (wie eben) adj. ohne Geist, - Verstand: devāśca vā asurāśca ubhaya evānātmāna āsurmartyā hyāsuranātmā hi martyaḥ [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 2, 2, 8.]

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Anātman (अनात्मन्):—2. [Mahābhārata 5, 1299.] [Spr. 1480.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Anātman (अनात्मन्):—1. m.

1) was nicht Seele (Geist) ist [273,8.] —

2) *nicht selbst , ein Anderer.

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Anātman (अनात्मन्):—2. Adj. ohne Geist , — Verstand.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of anatman in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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