Arbuda: 27 definitions
Arbuda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Arbud.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—An Asura. Indra killed this Asura. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 10, Sūkta 51).
2) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—A nāga (serpent) living in mountains. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 9).
3) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—The mountain Ābu. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, Stanza 55).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 30. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 131.
- 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
1c) 10,00,00,000 (10 crores).*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 95.
Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Arbuda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Arbuda (अर्बुद) is another name for Arvudeya, a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Arbudā (अर्बुदा) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Mount Ābu in the Ārāvallī range, now included in the Sirohi state of Rājputana (Rajasthan). In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā this part of the country surrounding Mount Abu is also called Arbuda, because Rājaśekhara makes Arbuda both a mountain and a Janapada.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to “tumor” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning arbuda] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to one of the four sacred mountains according to the Śrīmatottara, along with Māhendra, Arbuda and Kailāśa, which are considered to be the secondary seats (upapīṭha) generated by the goddess’s gaze. The Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya substitutes Arbuda with the Island of the Moon (Candradvīpa) and calls them Śivapīthas. Moreover, it locates the residences of the six disciples of Matsyandra who founded Kaula lineages in relation to Śrīśaila.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Arbuda can mean 'tumour', 'swelling' or a 'billion'.
2) Arbuda, a holy pilgrimage site (or mountain) mentioned in the Skanda Purana. Arbuda is “free from sins, destroyer of all sins and exempted from the touch of vices of the Age of Kali through the influence of Sage Vasiṣṭha.” (Skanda Purāṇa, VII. 3. I. v5-7)
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Arbuda (अर्बुद) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Mahānāsā, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Mahānāsā is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the eastern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.
Arbuda is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Arbuda is to be contemplated as situated on the back of the neck. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitionersSource: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Arbuda (अर्बुद) is one of the four Pīṭhas (‘sacred spot’) present within the Cittacakra (‘circle of mid’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Khecarī (‘a woman going in the sky’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Cittacakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Arbuda) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.
Arbuda has the presiding Ḍākinī named Mahānāsā whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Vikaṭadaṃṣṭrin. The associated internal location is ‘back of the head’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is ‘flesh’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Pañcāla, Gṛhadevatā, Godāvarī and Arbuda are associated with the family deity of Saṃtrāsinī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Vajrasattva standing in the center of the districts named Pullīramalaya (Pūrṇagiri), Jālandhara, Oḍyāna (Oḍyāyana) and Arbuda.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
1) Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to one of the five embryonic stages according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“According to some, at the moment of reincarnation (pratisaṃdhi), all beings have a disturbed mind; but since the Bodhisattva has no loss of mindfulness, it is said that he enters his mother’s womb with an undisturbed mind. When he is in the stage of the Ngo feou t’o (arbuda), he knows that he is in the stage of arbuda, i.e., two weeks after conception, he resembles an ulcer”.
2) Arbuda (अर्बुद) is the name of a hell according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—Accordingly, “If there were sixty measures (droṇa) of sesame seeds and a man came every hundred years and removed one sesame seed (tīla), these measures would be exhausted before the stay in the A feou t’o (Arbuda) hell would be ended. – Twenty stays in the Arbuda equal one stay in the Ni lo feou t’o (Nirarbuda) hell.”.
3) Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to one of the “eight hells of cold water” forming part of the sixteen utsadas (secondary hells) sitauted outside of the eight great hells, according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—Accordingly, “in the Arbuda hell, people are plunged into a body of water where a pernicious wind blows so that their skin is torn off, their hair falls out, their tendons broken, the flesh torn, the bones broken and the marrow runs out. When they recover their wholeness, the damned undergo the same punishment again from the beginning. In their previous lives, these unfortunates had stripped human beings during the winter months, or stolen fuel and fire from people in the grip of the cold; or else they had been wicked Nāgas, angry and full of hate, who had caused a rain of hail and ice to fall to annoy humans; or else they had scorned and slandered the Buddha, his disciples or people who were observing morality; or else they had committed grave sins by their four actions of speech. For all these reasons they fall into the Arbuda hell”.
Note: Other etymologies are found in the texts. This hell is called arbuda because those who are there are like bubbles (arbuda) or like thick clouds (ambuda), or because the cold wind produces blisters on their bodies. Cf. Hôbôgirin, Abuda, p. 8.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to the “tumourous hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., arbuda). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
Arbuda (अर्बुद), Arbudādri or Arbuda mountain is the Mountain Abu in the Aravalli Range in the Sirohi State of Rajputana. It contains the hermitage of Ṛṣi Vasiṣṭha and the famous shrine of Ambā Bhavānī. According to Megasthenes and Arrian the sacred Arbuda or Mount Abu is identical with Capitalia which ataining an elevation of 6,500 ft. rises far above any other summit of the Aravalli range.
Śrīpuñja (adopted son of king Ratnaśekhara) had built a temple on the top of the Arbuda mountain. A nāga, named Arbuda, used to live at the bottom of this mountain. Formerly this mountain was called Nandivardhana. Later, it was named Arbuda, being the habitat of the serpent Arbuda. Here are twelve villages around. Here flows a river, Mandākinī by name. Here are many kuṇḍas, mines and springs. Here are also such sacred places as Śrīmātā, Acaleśvara, Vasiṣṭhāśrama and Mandākinī.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Arbuda (अर्बुद) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and in other realms, [... the Arbudas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: academia.edu: The Cakrasamvara Tantra (h)
Arbuda (अर्बुद) has been identiﬁed with Mount Abu in modern Rajasthan since it was mentioned in the Mahābhārata , but it is identiﬁed with Takṣaśilā by Nāropāda (11th century).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
arbuda (अर्बुद).—n S A hundred millions.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
arbuda (अर्बुद).—n A hundred millions.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Arbuda (अर्बुद).—1 A swelling, tumour, (of various kind); मांस°, नासा°, शोणित° (māṃsa°, nāsā°, śoṇita°) &c.
2) One hundred millions. बहूनीह सहस्राणि प्रयुतान्यर्बुदानि च । अशक्यान्येव संख्यातुं पन्नगानां तपोधन (bahūnīha sahasrāṇi prayutānyarbudāni ca | aśakyānyeva saṃkhyātuṃ pannagānāṃ tapodhana) || Mb.1.35.19.
3) Name of a mountain in the West of India (Abu).
4) A serpent-like demon killed by Indra; Rv.1.51.6.
5) A serpent.
6) A cloud.
7) A place of pilgrimage (of the Jainas).
8) A long round mass, lump of flesh; यदि पिण्डः पुमान् स्त्री चेत् पेशी नपुंसकं चेदर्बुदम् (yadi piṇḍaḥ pumān strī cet peśī napuṃsakaṃ cedarbudam) Suśr; Y.3.75.89 (māṃsapiṇḍa).
9) Name of a people.
1) Name of a hell.
-ākāraḥ Name of the plant Cordis myxa (Mar. goṃdaṇī, bhoṃkara).
Derivable forms: arbudaḥ (अर्बुदः), arbudam (अर्बुदम्).
See also (synonyms): arvada.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Arbuda (अर्बुद).—m. (nt. in Udānavarga? = Pali Abbuda), name of a hell, according to Mahāvyutpatti and Dharmasaṃgraha a cold one (so in Pali, Critical Pali Dictionary): Mahāvyutpatti 4929; Dharmasaṃgraha 122; Divyāvadāna 67.22; 138.7; Avadāna-śataka i.4.9 etc.; Udānavarga viii.5 arbudāni, gender app. influenced by sahasrāṇi of prec. line, which as Chakravarti assumes may be understood here, i.e. arbudāni short for °da-sahasrāṇi?Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Arbuda (अर्बुद).—. I. m., n. 1. The shape of the fœtus in the second month after the conception, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 75. 2. A hundred millions, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 29, 3. Ii. m. The name of a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 2, 27.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Arbuda (अर्बुद).—[masculine] a snake, a serpent-demon (arbuda); [Name] of a mountain, [plural] of a people; [neuter] a hundred millions, cartilage of the ribs.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Arbuda (अर्बुद):—m. [Vedic or Veda] a serpent-like demon (conquered by Indra, a descendant of Kadrū therefore called Kādraveya, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]; said to be the author of [Ṛg-veda x, 94; Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.
2) m. idem, [Ṛg-veda i, 51, 6 and x, 67, 12]
3) n. Name of the above-named hymn, [Ṛg-veda x, 94; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
4) mn. a long round mass (said especially of the shape of the foetus in the second half of the first month [Nirukta, by Yāska xiv, 6] or in the second month [Yājñavalkya iii, 75 and 89])
5) a swelling, tumour, polypus, [Suśruta] etc.
6) the cartilage of a rib, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]
7) n. (arbuda), (also m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) ten millions, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvii, 2, etc.] (or 100 millions, See mahārbuda)
8) m. Name of a mountain in the west of India (commonly called Abū, a place of pilgrimage of the Jainas, and celebrated for its Jaina temples)
9) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa etc.]
10) (with Buddhists) Name of one of the 8 cold hells, [Dharmasaṃgraha 122]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Arbuda (अर्बुद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abbuya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Arbuda (अर्बुद) [Also spelled arbud]:—(nm) the number thousand million.
See also (Relevant definitions)