Arbuda; 14 Definition(s)


Arbuda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Arbuda (अर्बुद) is another name for Arvudeya, a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Arbuda in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—An Asura. Indra killed this Asura. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 10, Sūkta 51).

2) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—A nāga (serpent) living in mountains. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 9).

3) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—The mountain Ābu. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 82, Stanza 55).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Arbuda (अर्बुद).—The dvijas of: became vrātyas after Puramjaya's days:1 a western kingdom sacred to Lalitā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 38.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 62; IV. 44. 94.

1b) A tribe, of the south, fought with their kinsmen and ended themselves.1 Country of.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 30. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 131.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.

1c) 10,00,00,000 (10 crores).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 95.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Arbuda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Arbuda in Kavya glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Arbudā (अर्बुदा) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Mount Ābu in the Ārāvallī range, now included in the Sirohi state of Rājputana (Rajasthan). In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā this part of the country surrounding Mount Abu is also called Arbuda, because Rājaśekhara makes Arbuda both a mountain and a Janapada.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Arbuda can mean 'tumour', 'swelling' or a 'billion'.

2) Arbuda, a holy pilgrimage site (or mountain) mentioned in the Skanda Purana. Arbuda is “free from sins, destroyer of all sins and exempted from the touch of vices of the Age of Kali through the influence of Sage Vasiṣṭha.” (Skanda Purāṇa, VII. 3. I. v5-7)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Arbuda (अर्बुद) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Mahānāsā, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Mahānāsā is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the eastern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Arbuda is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Arbuda is to be contemplated as situated on the back of the neck. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to one of the five embryonic stages according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“According to some, at the moment of reincarnation (pratisaṃdhi), all beings have a disturbed mind; but since the Bodhisattva has no loss of mindfulness, it is said that he enters his mother’s womb with an undisturbed mind. When he is in the stage of the Ngo feou t’o (arbuda), he knows that he is in the stage of arbuda, i.e., two weeks after conception, he resembles an ulcer”.

2) Arbuda (अर्बुद) is the name of a hell according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—Accordingly, “If there were sixty measures (droṇa) of sesame seeds and a man came every hundred years and removed one sesame seed (tīla), these measures would be exhausted before the stay in the A feou t’o (Arbuda) hell would be ended. – Twenty stays in the Arbuda equal one stay in the Ni lo feou t’o (Nirarbuda) hell.”.

3) Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to one of the “eight hells of cold water” forming part of the sixteen utsadas (secondary hells) sitauted outside of the eight great hells, according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—Accordingly, “in the Arbuda hell, people are plunged into a body of water where a pernicious wind blows so that their skin is torn off, their hair falls out, their tendons broken, the flesh torn, the bones broken and the marrow runs out. When they recover their wholeness, the damned undergo the same punishment again from the beginning. In their previous lives, these unfortunates had stripped human beings during the winter months, or stolen fuel and fire from people in the grip of the cold; or else they had been wicked Nāgas, angry and full of hate, who had caused a rain of hail and ice to fall to annoy humans; or else they had scorned and slandered the Buddha, his disciples or people who were observing morality; or else they had committed grave sins by their four actions of speech. For all these reasons they fall into the Arbuda hell”.

Note: Other etymologies are found in the texts. This hell is called arbuda because those who are there are like bubbles (arbuda) or like thick clouds (ambuda), or because the cold wind produces blisters on their bodies. Cf. Hôbôgirin, Abuda, p. 8.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Arbuda (अर्बुद) refers to the “tumourous hell” and represents one of the “eight cold hells” (śīta-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 122). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., arbuda). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Arbuda (अर्बुद), Arbudādri or Arbuda mountain is the Mountain Abu in the Aravalli Range in the Sirohi State of Rajputana. It contains the hermitage of Ṛṣi Vasiṣṭha and the famous shrine of Ambā Bhavānī. According to Megasthenes and Arrian the sacred Arbuda or Mount Abu is identical with Capitalia which ataining an elevation of 6,500 ft. rises far above any other summit of the Aravalli range.

Śrīpuñja (adopted son of king Ratnaśekhara) had built a temple on the top of the Arbuda mountain. A nāga, named Arbuda, used to live at the bottom of this mountain. Formerly this mountain was called Nandivardhana. Later, it was named Arbuda, being the habitat of the serpent Arbuda. Here are twelve villages around. Here flows a river, Mandākinī by name. Here are many kuṇḍas, mines and springs. Here are also such sacred places as Śrīmātā, Acaleśvara, Vasiṣṭhāśrama and Mandākinī.

Source: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

arbuda (अर्बुद).—n S A hundred millions.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arbuda (अर्बुद).—n A hundred millions.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arbuda (अर्बुद).—1 A swelling, tumour, (of various kind); मांस°, नासा°, शोणित° (māṃsa°, nāsā°, śoṇita°) &c.

2) One hundred millions. बहूनीह सहस्राणि प्रयुतान्यर्बुदानि च । अशक्यान्येव संख्यातुं पन्नगानां तपोधन (bahūnīha sahasrāṇi prayutānyarbudāni ca | aśakyānyeva saṃkhyātuṃ pannagānāṃ tapodhana) || Mb.1.35.19.

3) Name of a mountain in the West of India (Abu).

4) A serpent-like demon killed by Indra; Rv.1.51.6.

5) A serpent.

6) A cloud.

7) A place of pilgrimage (of the Jainas).

8) A long round mass, lump of flesh; यदि पिण्डः पुमान् स्त्री चेत् पेशी नपुंसकं चेदर्बुदम् (yadi piṇḍaḥ pumān strī cet peśī napuṃsakaṃ cedarbudam) Suśr; Y.3.75.89 (māṃsapiṇḍa).

9) Name of a people.

1) Name of a hell.

-ākāraḥ Name of the plant Cordis myxa (Mar. goṃdaṇī, bhoṃkara).

Derivable forms: arbudaḥ (अर्बुदः), arbudam (अर्बुदम्).

See also (synonyms): arvada.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Mahārbuda (महार्बुद).—one thousand millions. Derivable forms: mahārbudam (महार्बुदम्).Mahārbuda...
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Arṇava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: arṇava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it...
Mahānāsā (महानासा) is the goddess presiding over one of the six petals of the eastern lotus of ...
Abbuda, (nt.) (etym. unknown, orig. meaning “swelling”, the Sk. form arbuda seems to be a trsl....
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